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Published byRaymond Briggs Modified over 7 years ago
HIV / AIDS 101 Health Education / Risk Reduction Program Florida Department of Health Brooke Mootry
OBJECTIVES What is HIV? How can I become infected? What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? Where can I get tested for HIV? How can I prevent HIV infection?
What Is HIV? H - Human I - Immunodeficiency V - Virus
HIV Infection Exchange of body fluids with an infected person: – Blood (including menstrual) –Semen (including pre-ejaculatory fluid/cum) –Vaginal Secretions –Breast Milk
Ways of Transmitting HIV: Sexual Contact –Anal Sex –Vaginal Sex –Oral Sex
Ways of Transmitting HIV: Blood-to-Blood Contact –Injecting Drug Needles –Tattoo and Body Piercing Needles –Razors –Toothbrushes
Ways of Transmitting HIV: Mother-to-Baby –During Pregnancy –Through Childbirth –Breastfeeding
Ways of NOT Transmitting HIV –Shaking Hands / Hugging –Sharing Food Utensils –Tears, Sweat, Urine –Dry Kissing –Mosquitoes
HIV Risk Factors ANY person who is involved in any behavior or activity in which the fluids of an infected individual are exchanged. Having more than one sexual partner. Using drugs and/or alcohol during sexual activity. Being infected with an STD (i.e. syphilis, gonorrhea or herpes)
HIV vs. AIDS ? A – Acquired I – Immune D – Deficiency S - Syndrome
Progression of AIDS Diagnosed by a Physician –“Asymptomatic Period” varies between each individual, though average time is around 10 years. –T-cell count falls to 200 or below –Presence of one or more “Opportunistic Infections”
Opportunistic Infections Tuberculosis (TB) PCP – Pneumonia Kaposi’s Sarcoma Wasting Syndrome Thrush Cytomegalovirus HIV-associated dementia (HAD)
Kaposi’s Sarcoma (KS) Bluish / Purple spots Form of skin cancer, can be found in mouth and on skin
Thrush White or grayish- white patches found alongside cheeks or tongue Yeast Infection of the mouth
Wasting Syndrome Rapid weight and muscle loss Usually seen in late stages of HIV infection
HIV Testing Test looks for the presence of HIV antibodies found in blood or in mucous membranes of the mouth. Test is more accurate after close of “window period” Two Types of Testing: - Anonymous - Confidential
Testing Sites Broward County Health Departments & Clinics Some Community Organizations Private Physicians * 954-467-4749 * 1-800-FLA-AIDS
Prevention of HIV Abstinence Monogamous Relationships Correct and Consistent Use of Barriers –Male / Female Condoms –Dental Dams –Rubber Gloves
REVIEW… HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Can be found in ANYONE, you cannot tell by looking at someone HIV Testing Is Important to learn your status
REMEMBER! It’s not WHO you are, but WHAT you do, that places you at risk for HIV infection.
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