CST Review Day 1 World History Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian Traditions Plato and Aristotle
Government A system for controlling society Monarchy- a single ruler, usually a king Aristocracy- ruled by a small group of nobles, land-owners Oligarchy- ruled by a few powerful people
Those Gosh Darn Greeks and their Democracy Democracy= the people rule
Contributions 1.Democracy: rule by the people 2.Branches of Government 3.Citizenship— All citizens participated in political decisions 4.Juries A group of your peers decided guilt or innocence.
The Roman Republic is gRReat!!! Republic= people elect representatives to make the political decisions The Roman SenateUS Congress
Contributions 1.Written laws 2.All citizens treated equal under the law 3.Innocent until proven guilty 4.Unfair laws could be overturned
Judicial Review Declaring unfair laws unconstitutional In a republic, like Rome or the US, what can the people do if the government passes an unfair law??? For example a law outlawing cell phones… 1.The Legislative Branch Approved it 2.The President signed it into law 3.The police are out enforcing it The Courts could hear cases about why cell phones are necessary: Safety reasons and PRIVACY!!! The Court can overturn the law!!!
Direct Democracy Citizens makes all laws and decisions Indirect Democracy Vote on representatives to make laws and decisions Popular sovereignty = the people have the power
Achievement, dignity, and worth are of great importance. What do they have in common? Greece Democracy Branches Citizenship juries Rome Senate Citizens Innocent Judicial review Citizens =
Judeo-Christian Jewish= God/ Jehovah Christians= the trinity (God, Jesus, and the holy spirit) Monotheistic = belief in one god. What type of religion did they have in Greece and Rome?
Contributions Every person… is born with worth and dignity because they were created by God (in his image) has the ability to choose between doing good and doing wrong. Has the responsibility to help others in need and the community.
Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian What do they have in common? What is the difference between Greco-Roman believes and Judeo-Christian believes?
CharacteristicsGreeceRomeJudeo-ChristianComparisons Beliefs People should participate in government. People should oppose injustice and help others. People can choose between right and wrong Laws Natural Laws. Use reason and not superstition Juries Branches Written Law Senate Ten Commandments Individuals People have worth, value, and dignity because they can think and reason People have worth, value, and dignity People have worth, value, and dignity because they are made in God’s image.
Plato A smart ruler who could overcome the evil, selfish nature of man Plato Philosopher King
He who trusts and man with supreme power gives it to a wild beast, for such his appetite sometimes makes him: passion influences those in power, even the best of men, but law is reason without desire …
…for the administration of justice…is the principle of order in political society.
Plato and Aristotle used logic and reasoning to think about the world, they created a spirit of questioning and choice that aided the development of democracy.
Summary for the day… Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian tradition emphasized the importance of the_________. This can also be seen in the types of governments that were developed. Greece create a ______________ and Rome create a ________________. Aristotle supported the creation of a democracy, while Plato believed in a ______________king.