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Raising Consciousness Creating Awareness BASIC FACTS ON HIV CHETNA STRC Ahmedabad
2 What is HIV? H -uman Found only in humans Found only in humans Transmitted among humans Transmitted among humans Preventable by humans Preventable by humans I –mmuno defiency Body lacks ability to fight off infections Body lacks ability to fight off infections V -irus Type of germ Type of germ Lives and reproduces in body cells Lives and reproduces in body cells
3 AIDS received, not inherited (does not run in families) A -cquired; received, not inherited (does not run in families) protected from (in this case the system protects the body from disease) I -mmuno; protected from (in this case the system protects the body from disease) - a lack of D -eficiency, - a lack of – a group of symptoms or diseases S-yndrome; – a group of symptoms or diseases
4 HIV IS FOUND IN BODY FLUIDS Semen Breast milk Blood Vaginal fluid
5 How HIV is passed on? During unprotected sex (anal, vaginal or oral) Contact with HIV infected blood or blood products Sharing IV drug needles of HIV positive people From HIV positive mother to child During breast feeding
6 You CANNOT get HIV from… Tears Saliva Sweat Urine of an HIV infected person
7 Window Period When a person gets infected it may take 6 weeks or up to 3 months before antibodies to HIV are detected in the blood The HIV test looks for antibodies. When these antibodies are detected the person is diagnosed HIV positive A person can be positive and the test shows negative because the test was done during the window period
8 Why HIV rates not going down? Sex at an early age Lack of life-skills and sex education Low condom use Multiple partners Stigma and Discrimination Sex for money or sex for.....things Substance abuse: Ganja, cocaine, alcohol Men having sex with men & homophobia Gender inequity and gender roles
9 STI and HIV – The Link Persons with a history of STIs are more likely to get HIV because: Persons with STIs are more likely to have sores and small breaks in the skin and lining of their genitals. HIV can more easily enter the body through these open breaks.
10 STI and HIV – The Link You can get an STI by having sex without a condom, with an infected person. At the same time, you could be getting HIV which is also contracted by having unprotected sex.
11 ALL STIs are Preventable Most STI’s are treatable But HIV/AIDS CANNOT BE CURED
12 HIV TB Link
13 Prevention Treatment
14 Prevention Talk with your partner about HIV Use a condom with your regular and non-regular clients, and partners every time you have sex Reduce the number of main partners Get tested. Know your status
15 Who is most at risk for HIV? Anybody having sex without a condom. People with more than 1 partner who don’t use a condom during every sexual act People whose sex partner has sex with other partners without using a condom
16 How You DON’T Get HIV You CANNOT get HIV by hugging, touching, living with or caring for someone with HIV, shaking hands or kissing. You CANNOT get HIV from eating out of the same plate or cup or utensils that an HIV positive person uses.
17 REMEMBER You CANNOT tell by looking if someone has HIV. An individual can look and feel well for many years and be HIV positive. The HIV positive person can pass the virus on to someone else.
18 Getting on with Life
19 Can YOU support someone living with HIV?
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