Presentation on theme: "The Romantic Period (1800-1870) AMERICAN RENAISSANCE The Romantic Period (1800-1870)"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Romantic Period (1800-1870) AMERICAN RENAISSANCEThe Romantic Period ( )
2 Before we look at the historical background of what Romanticism is, let’s look at what Romanticism is NOT. Despite it’s title, romanticism is not the Fabio sappy love stories. It is not a Ken and Barbie romance.
4 The American Scene 1803 Louisiana Purchase—westward expansion Transportation—canals, turnpikes, railroads, steamboatsGold Rush of 1849Advancement in Technology—factories, steel plow and reaper, telegraphCompetition for wealthIncrease in democraticprinciplesPROGRESS!The Eurpoean Renaissance—the magnificent rebirth of classical art and learning—took place during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. The American version, though not a rebirth as much as a first flowering, took place in the first half of the 19th century. During these years, the nation came of age and entered its literary and cultural maturity. Americans were inspired by the sheer physical and technological growth. When Thomas Jefferson signed the Louisiana Purchase he effectively doubles the nation’s size. With the expansion of size came the upsurgance of spirit and national pride as well as self-awareness. Transportation multiplied and sped people and goods to destinations. Everything and everyone was on the move! Gold rush moved thousands of people to the western edge of the continent. Technology spurred cultural and social change. Factories sprang up all over the Northeast creating jobs and economic profit. BIGGER< BETTER< STRONGER< FASTER! The steel plow and reaper encouraged more aggressive frontier settlement and the telegraph made almost instant communication possible across America’s great distances. It was also no longer necessary to be wealthy and highly educated to wield political authority. The election of Andrew Jackson “the peoples’ president” singled the rise of the common man to positions of unprecedented power. Women’s rights movement gained momentum. So how do we get romanticism out of all of this? Well…
5 The north became industrialized while the south remained agricultural.
6 What Romanticism ISRomanticism is the name for the literary period that follows the Age of Reason (The Revolutionary Period) in America that emphasizes creativity, imagination, and emotionDue to the fact that the country was not established, writers of this time period began to move their writings away from the governmental revolutionary ideas and political matters and began to focus on other aspects of life. We still devoured British literature even though we broke away politically.
7 Characteristics of Romanticism Increasing emphasis on individualNationalism on the riseMood of OptimismIntellectual curiosityReligious spiritDesire to escape the routineIncrease in population andimmigrationJust like puritanism had its principles, so does Romanticism. Romanticism made clear that exploration of the private self was important and writers elevated imagination over reason, feeling over fact, and nature above all. Americans covered the continent in the spirit of acquisition and pride of ownership—optimisn and practical invention. The land struck them with awe and with its spiritual possibilities not commercial ones.
8 Characteristics of Romanticism Value feeling over reasonPower of the imaginationShun artificiality of civilizationSeeks unspoiled NATURE!!!Interest in unusual and mysteriousContemplates nature’s beauty as path to spiritual and moral development
10 Winds of Change Child labor and unsafe conditions Women’s right’s Native American removal—1838 “Trail of Tears”War with MexicoSlaveryThe first decades of the 1800’s were hopeful ones, but at mid-century the US faces trouble as well as promise. The new prosperity unleashed fierce competition, leading factories to child labor and unsafe working conditions. Although women’s rights gained some ground, the right to vote was still largely restricted to white males. Native American’s felt the continuing hardship of forced removal from their homelands. IN the 1830’s American became embroiled in a conflict over the succession of Texas from Mexico. When Texas was admitted to the union in 1845, the resulting war with Mexico added a victory and new land to the states including CA. The institution of slavery would be the social and political issue that would have the greatest effect on the lives and deaths of Americans (1861). So how did the good, the philosophy, and the bad shape the literature of the time period?
11 Types of Writing Novels Poetry Essays and…… SHORT STORIES!!!!!!!!!! America saw the rise of the short story during this time period
12 American MastersWashington Irving: American mythology (folklore)—setting in American landscapeRalph Waldo Emerson andHenry David Thoreau: sublimity of nature and personal connectionWalt Whitman: merged his all encompassing self with the nationEmily Dickinson: explored universal qualities of landscapeExplorers such as Lewis and Clark recorded the facts of their expeditions in colorful drawings and words that made the farthest reaches of the continent possible. This also allowed the imagination to soar. This is the time where literary giants now began to make their living by writing. Irving and Cooper helped to create an american mythology by setting their tales in the forests, towns, and outposts of American landscape. Romanticism is also separated in to authors who were known as dark romantics and those known as transcendentalists. Dark romantics included Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, and Edgar Allan Poe.
13 American GothicEdgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville: Dark side of the wildernessKnown as anti-transcendentalistsExplored conflicts between good and evil, psychological effects of guilt and sin, and madness!
14 Irving is the first professional writer and first American literary figure to earn an international reputation as a writer.
15 Subject Matter Quest for beauty NATURE! Source of knowledge Refuge Revelation of GOD to the individualWriters like Poe believed that a writer should construct his story or poem so that it contains one predominant emotional effect on the reader.
16 Techniques Remoteness of setting—time and place Improbable plots Unlikely or inadequate characterizationHarmful morality—world of lies!
17 American writers wrote to give a voice to the American Experience leading to the inspiring works we still love today. After all, it’s romantic isn’t it?