Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Transmission Model

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Transmission Model"— Presentation transcript:

1 Transmission Model

2 Communication - Communication cycle 1 In a simple model, often referred to as the transmission model or standard view of communication, information or content (e.g

3 Communication - Communication cycle 1 Daniel Chandler critiques the transmission model by stating:

4 Audi - Audi 5000 unintended acceleration allegations 1 With the series of recall campaigns, Audi made several modifications; the first adjusted the distance between the brake and accelerator pedal on automatic- transmission models

5 User Datagram Protocol 1 UDP uses a simple transmission model with a minimum of protocol mechanism. It has no handshaking dialogues, and thus exposes any unreliability of the underlying network protocol to the user's program. As this is normally IP over unreliable media, there is no guarantee of delivery, ordering or duplicate protection. UDP provides checksums for data integrity, and port numbers for addressing different functions at the source and destination of the datagram.

6 Telecommunications in South America - Communication cycle 1 Daniel ChandlerDaniel Chandler, The Transmission Model of Communication, critiques the transmission model by stating:

7 Four-wheel drive - Center differential with mechanical lock 1 * Subaru - manual transmissions come with 50/50 viscous-type center differential; performance models include a planetary differential with computer regulated lockup; automatic transmission models have an electronically controlled variable transfer clutch.

8 Four-wheel drive - Multi-plate clutch coupling 1 * Subaru low powered automatic transmission models

9 Four-wheel drive - Multi-plate clutch coupling 1 * Subaru Legacy, Subaru Outback|Outback, Subaru Impreza|Impreza, Subaru Forester|Forester, Subaru Tribeca|Tribeca automatic transmission models: mechanical front drive, clutch coupled rear axle.

10 Four-wheel drive - Part-time 1 * Toyota FJ Cruiser (automatic transmission models) (also locking rear differential)

11 John Dewey - On journalism 1 Lippmann's model was a basic transmission model in which journalists took information given to them by experts and elites, repackaged that information in simple terms, and transmitted the information to the public, whose role was to react emotionally to the news

12 Communications - Communication cycle 1 Daniel ChandlerDaniel Chandler, The Transmission Model of Communication, [ hort/trans.html] critiques the transmission model by stating:

13 Andrew A. Frank - PHEV Research Development 1 He and his team then created PHEV automatic transmission models with more efficient mechanical Continuously Variable Transmissions CVTs' and also full size PHEV SUV's that could double fuel economy

14 Continuously variable transmission - History 1 The Nissan Murano, introduced in 2003, and the Nissan Rogue, introduced in 2007, also use CVT in their automatic transmission models

15 Dodge Ram - Special Edition Rams 1 *'High Output' The Ram trucks started offering a diesel High Output package for 2001 models. 2001/2002 H.O. engines were rated 10 horsepower higher than the standard engine. 2013 models H.O. are rated 15 horsepower higher than the standard automatic transmission models and 35 horsepower higher than the manual models.

16 Models of communication - Constructionist Model 1 Lanham chose to view communication as the rival to the over encompassing use of CBS model (which pursued to further the transmission model)

17 Models of communication - Constructionist Model 1 The truth in both cases is the articulation of the message and the package as one. The construction of the message from social and historical context is the seed as is the pre- existing message is for the transmission model. Therefore any look into communication theory should include the possibilities drafted by such great scholars as Richard A. Lanham and Erving Goffman that style and performance is the whole process.

18 Models of communication - Communication Theory Framework 1 Daniel Chandler looks to prove that the Transmission Model is a lesser way of communicating by saying “The transmission model is not merely a gross over-simplification but a dangerously misleading representation of the nature of human communication” (Chandler, 2)

19 Pontiac - Carburetors 1 The Tri-Power setup included one center carburetor with idle control and two end carburetors that did not contribute until the throttle was opened more than half way. This was accomplished two ways, mechanically for the manual transmission models, and via a vacuum-switch on the automatics. This went through various permutations before being banned by GM as a factory installed option in 1967, and totally in 1968.

20 Evolutionary anthropology 1 Cultural evolution involves the study of cultural change over time and space and frequently incorporate Cultural transmission models

21 Commer - Commer FC/PA/PB/Spacevan 1 The 4-speed gearbox on manual transmission models was based on those fitted to contemporary Hillman Minx (of the Audax generation) and later Rootes Arrow series cars such as the Hillman Hunter.

22 Subaru Impreza - WRX STI 1 *available A-line equipment options including premium package (premium tan interior, BBS 18-inch forged alloy wheels) for 6-speed manual transmission models

23 Audi S4 - B7 (Typ 8E/8H, 2005–2008) 1 There are a few mechanical changes, such as revised spring (device)|springs and dampers and, from model year 2007, an updated Torsen T-3 automatically biasing centre differential, featuring a 'default' asymmetric 40:60 front-rear torque split on manual transmission models, along with the later Robert Bosch GmbH|Bosch ESP8.0 electronic stability control|Electronic Stability Programme and gloss black painted brake calipers

24 Nissan L engine - L28ET 1 The L28ET used a single Garrett AiResearch TB03 internally wastegated turbocharger and no intercooler. Boost was limited to. Other modest changes were made to the turbo model, with static compression reduced to 7.4:1, and automatic transmission models were given a higher-volume oil pump. The most significant change aside from the turbocharger itself was the introduction of a new engine control system, Nissan's Electronic Concentrated Control System (ECCS).

25 Honda Accord Hybrid - Coupe 1 The interior was also slightly redesigned with changes such as a new steering wheel cover, differently colored gauges and a differently styled shift knob for automatic transmission models

26 Porsche 928 - 928 evolution 1 **North America manual transmission model now uses same shorter final drive ratio as used elsewhere, to simplify production.

27 Porsche 928 - 928 evolution 1 **Dynamic kickdown for automatic transmission models.

28 BMW E63 - Transmissions 1 After the facelift, models fitted with an Automatic Gearbox will feature a new Completely Electronic Gear Selector, and faces toward the Driver. Also, Automatic Transmission models get Paddleshifters in the side of the steering wheel, to allow quicker shifting. According to BMW, the time it takes to shift gear using Paddleshifters is so fast, that is cannot be recorded.

29 Mercedes-Benz R172 - SLK 250 CDI (2011-) 1 Early models include 7G-TRONIC PLUS automatic transmission, followed by six- speed manual transmission models in the second quarter of 2012

30 Mercedes-Benz W113 - 280 SL (1967ndash;1971) 1 Manual transmission models came with the standard 4-speed or the optional ZF 5- speed, which was ordered only 882 times and thus is a highly sought-after original option today

31 Honda R engine 1 The automatic transmission model is rated at California Air Resources Board (CARB) ULEV-2 (Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle) with fuel economy city, and highway

32 Datsun 810 - 1989–1994 1 In the United States, the VG30E engine, which featured a variable intake manifold on both automatic and manual transmission models, was used on all 1989–1994 GXE models and 1989–1991 SE models. This generation Maxima was fitted with an independent rear suspension.

33 Nissan Micra - Canada 1 The company revealed the car's starting price of $9,998 for the base, 5-speed manual transmission model at the 2014 Canadian International Auto Show in February. The price makes it the least expensive new car in the country by a significant margin.

34 Mazda RX-8 - 1st Generation (SE3P, 2003–2008) 1 * 6-speed automatic with manual paddle- shifting option (introduced in the U.S. with the 2006 model, replacing the 4-speed automatic of '04-'05) developing and of torque with a redline at 7,500rpm. This was the revised standard RENESIS, now with two extra intake ports like the high power version. The '06 automatic RX-8 also was given a second oil cooler, as was standard in the manual transmission model.

35 Mazda RX-8 - SPIRIT R 1 The automatic transmission model included leather seats in black with red stitching, a leather-wrapped steering wheel (in black with red stitching), and a center console box front seat armrest covered with synthetic leather with red stitching

36 Lexus ES (XV40) - 1989–1991 1 Production totaled 19,534 units in 1990 and 17,942 units in 1991, most for the automatic transmission model. Production commenced in June 1989 at Tsutsumi, with the first 1990 ES 250 rolling off the production line on August 30, 1989. Production ended on July 5, 1991. Because of its relatively brief production run, the ES 250 is a rare model on US roads today.

37 Nissan Altima - Second generation (L30, 1998–2001) 1 Inside were new front seats with a driver's height adjuster, cup holders for the rear seat (automatic transmission models only), revised seat cloth, a new instrument panel with digital odometers, a new rear window antenna, and the keyless entry fob now included a trunk release

38 Renault Laguna - Timeline 1 The 2.2dCi is retained in Filtre à particules|FAP form for automatic transmission models only as a engine

39 Audi 100 - Reported sudden unintended acceleration 1 With the series of recall campaigns, Audi made several modifications; the first adjusted the distance between the brake and accelerator pedal on automatic- transmission models

40 Isuzu Wizard - Market 1 A RWD manual transmission model with a tank was rated at in city driving by the United States Environmental Protection Agency|EPA, and on the highway

41 Chevrolet Sprint 1 That year, another model called the Sprint ER was offered that included a few extra features, such as an upshift light to indicate the ideal speed to shift to the next highest gear on manual transmission models

42 Dodge Ramcharger - Mechanicals 1 Automatic transmission models had the Chrysler TorqueFlite#A727|Loadflite TF- 727A or B until, in 1991, it was replaced with the TorqueFlite#A500|A- 500/TorqueFlite#A518|A-518 four-speed.

43 Mazda B-Series (North America) - 1989–1992 1 The new steering column included, on automatic transmission-equipped models, a column-mounted gear shift, and key removal on manual transmission models became a simpler, one-handed operation. Manual-equipped 1983–88 models had the key release button beneath the column on the left-hand side, requiring drivers to use both hands to remove the key.

44 Dodge i10 - Safety 1 The amount of safety features varies from market to market. While most countries have the i10 equipped with airbags for all passengers, the entry-level 1.1 manual transmission model in the Philippines can be sold without airbags.

45 Dodge i10 - Hyundai Grand i10 1 On February 2014, Hyundai Asia Resources, Inc. (HARI) announced details on the Philippine-market version of the Grand i10. The U2 CRDi engine will not be offered in the country; instead, the base models come with the 1.0 liter three- cylinder petrol engine while the 1.2 liter four-cylinder engine is reserved for the range-topping L automatic transmission model.

46 Mitsubishi Lancer - Celeste 1 Four-door Lancer assembly began in New Zealand in 1975, supplementing the larger English Hillman Avengers also built locally by importer Todd Motors. The Celeste was imported built-up from Japan initially and assembly of a single 1.6-litre, manual transmission model began in 1978 followed by a minor facelift about a year later.

47 Ford Focus (third generation) - Asia 1 2 petrol engines (1.6L Ti-VCT 125 PS and 2.0L GDI 170 PS) and 1 diesel engine (2.0L TDCi 163 PS) available, all comes with PowerShift transmission (manual transmission model is unavailable). 8 trim levels: Hatchback: 1.6 Ti-VCT Trend, 2.0 GDI Trend, 2.0 GDI Sport, 2.0 TDCi Sport Sedan: 1.6 Ti-VCT Ambiente, 1.6 Ti-VCT Trend, 1.6 Ti-VCT GHIA, 2.0 TDCi Trend

48 Mazda 3 - Performance 1 The fuel consumption of these models averages in the, with the 2-litre 2008 Mazda3 automatic-transmission model scoring a / city/highway United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rating.

49 Subaru Legacy (fourth generation) - Transmissions 1 The manual transmission model has 'center differential'. However, the automatic ones has an electronically controlled clutch which provides the power to the back wheels. 8/subaru_legacy_nem_raketa_de_telen_ki raly/2/

50 List of Chrysler transmissions - Model number conventions 1 Newer Chrysler automatic transmissions follow standard model number conventions. Below are the available values and some example transmission models:

51 Acura CSX - Debut 1 Standard features on the touring model include 16-inch alloy wheels, anti-lock brakes, side and curtain airbags, leather- wrapped steering wheel with audio controls, Semi-automatic transmission|paddle shifters for automatic transmission models, heated door mirrors with integrated turn signals, 6- speaker audio system with CD/MP3/WMA capability, automatic climate control, cruise control, chrome door handles, and 60/40 split folding rear seats

52 Subaru Legacy (second generation) - Outback 1 Automatic transmission models had an electronically controlled AWD system that was 90/10 front/rear and redirected differing amounts of power to the rear wheels continuously

53 Triumph Stag - Mk1 and Mk2 Variants 1 Early 4-speed manual transmission models could be ordered with an A-type Laycock overdrive unit and later ones frequently came with a J-type Laycock unit

54 Chevrolet Corvette C6 - Overview 1 With an automatic transmission, the Corvette achieves 15/25 Miles per gallon|mpg (city/highway); the manual transmission|manual-transmission model gets 16/26 mpg

55 Maruti Wagon-R - Specifications 1 Other features new in the VXi (the top end manual transmission model) are electrically adjustable outside rearview mirrors. This is the first on any B-Segment car in India.

56 Toyota Van - 1976–1982 (R10) TownAce van/truck 1 For example, by adding three-speed automatic and five-speed manual transmission models, a sliding second-row seats that could be made to face either forward or backward, and the release of Grand Extra model with its lavish cabin

57 Toyota Van - 1982–1991 (R20, R30) TownAce van, MasterAce Surf van 1 The four-wheel drive models came with skid plates, with manual transmission models including a transfer case with low and high ranges (automatic models lacked a low range)

58 Acura TL - 2003 1 It is powered by a 270 hp (201 kW); later revised to 258 hp (192 kW), based on the new SAE measurement standard for horsepower and 233 lb·ft (316 N·m) of torque, 3.2 L 24 valve SOHC VTEC V6 engine mated to either a 5-speed automatic with SportShift or 6-speed manual. Manual transmission models featured Brembo 4-Piston front brake calipers, a Torsen-type limited slip differential, stiffer anti-roll bars front and rear and performance tires at no additional cost.

59 Acura TL - Third generation (UA6-UA7) 2004-2008 1 It is powered by a 270hp (201kW); later revised to, based on the new SAE measurement standard for horsepower and of torque, 3.2L 24 valve SOHC VTEC V6 engine mated to either a 5-speed automatic transmission|automatic with SportShift or 6- speed manual transmission|manual. Manual transmission models featured Brembo 4- Piston front brake calipers, a Torsen-type limited slip differential, stiffer anti-roll bars front and rear and performance tires at no additional cost.

60 Toyota SV-3 - Third generation (W30; 1999–2007) 1 Curb weight was for manual transmission models.

61 Acura CL - Second generation (2001–2003) 1 Very few manual transmission models were built; there were 2,691 without navigation and 820 with navigation, for a total of 3,511. st.php?p=7156892postcount=47 Despite such small numbers of manual transmissions, there was still a greater demand than Acura had expected

62 Acura CL - Automatic Transmission concerns 1 Problems have been seen with the 2nd generation CL models equipped with automatic transmissions (manual transmission models are unaffected). Reports say that after an average of around 40,000 miles, the transmission experiences gear failures, such as downshifts, slipping, flaring and not shifting, and leaking.

63 All-Trac - Technical information 1 For all manual transmission models except Previa, and the 1988 and newer Celica, there is a small button inside the vehicle labelled 'Center Diff

64 Toyota Tacoma - TRD Extreme or T/X Baja 1 From model years 2010 to 2014 the Tacoma is offered in 1 of 1500 of the T/X BAJA package. Package includes upgraded lifted suspension with Eibach springs and TRD Bilstien coil-overs in the front and TRD Bilstien reservoir shocks in the rear with an additional leaf spring. The bead-lock style wheels are also added wrapped in BF Goodrich All Terrains. The BAJA model also include a stainless steel TRD exhaust. The iconic BAJA shift knob is also available for the 6-speed manual transmission models.

65 Fifth-generation Ford Mustang - 2011 and 2012 1 As certified by the EPA, manual transmission models were able to achieve in city and on the highway while automatic transmission models were able to achieve in city and on the highway.

66 Holden Commodore (VR) 1 The airbag, ABS brakes and IRS were also available across the range for both automatic transmission and manual transmission models

67 For More Information, Visit: m/the-transmission-model- toolkit.html m/the-transmission-model- toolkit.html The Art of Service

Download ppt "Transmission Model"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google