4 Reasons for Using Good Body Mechanics Muscles work best when used properlyCorrect use of muscles makes lifting, pulling and pushing easierCorrect applications of body mechanics prevents unnecessary fatigue and strain and saves energyCorrect application of body mechanics prevents injury to self and others
5 8 Basic Rules of Good Body Mechanics 1.Maintain a Broad Base of supportFeet 8-10 inches apartOne foot slightly forwardBalance weight on both feetPoint toes in the direction of movementBend from the hips and knees to get close to an object and keep back straight- Do not bend from the waist
6 Use the strongest muscles to do the job. - located in the shoulders, upper arms, hips and thighsUse the weight of your body to push or pull an object.- push, pull or slide instead of liftCarry heavy object close to your body.Avoid twisting your body. Turn your body and feet to change directionAvoid bending for a long period of time.If a patient or object is too heavy, get help.
9 Preventing Accidents & Injuries Use MSDS – Material Safety Data SheetsMust provide product informationProtection or precautions while handling productInstructions for the use of the productProcedures for handling spills, clean-up and disposal of productEmergency 1st aid for injuries from product
12 Equipment and Solutions Do not operate or use any equipment until you have been instructed on its useRead and follow operating instructionsDo not operate any equipment unless your instructor is in the roomReport all damaged or malfunction equipment immediatelyDo not use frayed or damaged electrical cords
13 Never use solution in bottles that are not labeled Read all labels 3 times to be sure you have the correct solutionDo not mix any solutions together unless your instructor tell youAvoid contact with skin or eyesReport all broken equipment and clean up any spills
15 Patient /Resident Safety Do not perform any procedure unless you have been instructed toProvide privacy for patients/residents – knock, call the persons name before going behind a drawn curtain, draw curtain for privacy before performing a procedureAlways identity your patient. Ask their name, check wrist bands, check chart
16 Always explain the procedure to the patients Always explain the procedure to the patients. Answer questions and get consentObserve patient safetyCheck all patient areas for safety hazards. Report any unsafe conditions.Before leaving patients – be sure patient is comfortable, bed is in the lowest position, bedrails are up, wheels of the bed are locked, and call bell within their reach.
17 Personal SafetyIt is your responsibility to protect yourself from injuryUse correct body mechanicsWear required uniform and IDWalk don’t run, walk on the rightReport all injuries and accidents to your supervisorIf you see an unsafe situation, report itWash your hands frequently
18 Dry your hands through before using electrical equipment When carrying/lifting a patient, review procedure with your partner. NO horseplay or practical jokes
20 Fire Safety For a fire to start it needs three things Fuel – anything that will burnOxygen/airHeat – sparks, fire, flames
21 Fire Extinguishers Class A Class B Class C Class ABC water Carbon dioxideClass CDry chemicalClass ABCGraphite type chemicalCan be used on all fires
22 Fire Emergency PlanMove all patients and personnel in immediate dangerActivate alarmClose all doors and windowsShut off electrical equipment and oxygenDo not use the elevators
23 RACE R A C E Rescue anyone in immediate danger Activate alarm Confine the fireEExtinguish the fire
24 PASS P – pull pin A – aim nozzle at base of fire S – squeeze handle S – sweep base of fire
25 Evacuation Plans Move horizontally first All fire doors will automatically closeMove verticallyMove ambulatory patients first, then those that need helpDo not use the floors directly above or below for evacuation