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Teaching Aim Reading I Reading II Extended Activities UNIT.

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1 Teaching Aim Reading I Reading II Extended Activities UNIT

2 Teaching Aim Unit 3 Career 1. Cognitive Information (认知信息) : Career Development 2. Language Focus (内容重点) — Key Words: I. career, nanny, adore, part-time, full-time, delicious, wear, uniform, phase, row; II. gardener, surgeon, surveyor, interior designer, drive, furious, redundant, delighted, manual labour, millionaire — Phrases: I. get on with, at the time, go through, follow in one’s footsteps, apply for, make it up with, for long, take after, make a decision, bring up, turn out, think of; II. grow up, drop out, pick up, carry on, take aback, fall out

3 Teaching Aim Unit 3 Career — Word Study: adore, realize, row, turn, spend — Useful Structures: V + Oi + Od (double object construction) the moment... V + O + Inf. (without to) — Vocabulary & Grammar: Describing One’s Appearance 3. Communicative Skills (交际技能) — Expressions: Expressing and Responding to “Thanks” — Reading: Business Cards 4. Phonetic Review (语音复习) : Back Vowels

4 Reading I Unit 3 Career Pre-reading Text Background Information New Words and Expressions Exercises Post-reading UNIT

5 Pre-reading Unit 3 Career Pre-reading I Pre-reading II

6 Pre-reading I Unit 3 Career I. Brainstorming: Work with your partner and list in the spaces provided below occupations you think are. The Most Interesting ———————————— ———————————— The Most Boring 无聊的 ———————————— ———————————— The Most Promising 有前途的 ———————————— ———————————— The Most Stressful 有压力的 ———————————— ————————————

7 Pre-reading II Unit 3 Career II. Pairwork: Discuss the following questions with your partner. II. Pairwork: Discuss the following questions with your partner. 1. What do your parents do? How do you like their occupations? 2. Have you ever thought of your future career? Yes. Then...No. Then...  What do you want to do when you graduate from college?  What do your parents think of your choice of career?  How will you prepare for your future career?  What careers are you interested in?  How will your parents ’ attitude influence your choice of career?  How can you find out which career is right for you?

8 The Modern Servant — Nanny Unit 3 Career 1. Amanda Peniston-Bird, 21, is the daughter of a judge 法官 and has just completed a two-year training course to be a nanny at the Norland Nursery Training College. She and her mother talk about her choice of career.nannycareer Text

9 Unit 3 Career 2. Amanda My sister Charlotte was born when I was seven and my mother decided she needed a nanny to look after us. So we got Alison. She was very young, seventeen I think, and wonderful. I adored (worship, love) her. She only worked part-time with us before she started her training at Norland College. She had to dress us in the morning and take me to school. After school she made us delicious teas and read us stories in bed. On Charlotte’s birthday she organized a fantastic party. part-timemade usdelicious read us

10 Text Unit 3 Career 3. When Alison left, we had a trained nanny who lived with us and worked fulltime. She was called Nanny Barnes by everyone, including my parents. She was older and quite traditional and wore a uniform. It was then that I realized that I wanted to be a nanny. I have always got on well with children. I have always enjoyed taking care of my sister and younger cousins. I told Mummy very firmly that I wanted to be a nanny when I grew up. At the time she laughed. I know that she and Daddy thought it was just a childish phase I was going through, but it wasn’t. They thought I would follow in my father’s footsteps and study law; But I didn’t. There were some terrible rows (65) but I didn’t go to university. I left school and spent a year working at Ludgrove School, where Prince William used to go. Then I started my training course at Norland College. I finished the course last month and I’ve applied for the post (position,occupation) of nanny to twins aged six months. Mummy and Daddy weren’t angry for long. We made it up before I went to college, and they have encouraged me ever since 从那时到现在.woreuniformgot on well with At the timephasegoing throughfollow in my father’s footsteps applied for longmade it up

11 Text Unit 3 Career 4. Amanda’s Mother Her father is still a wee bit ( little bit) disappointed that she didn’t take after him and study law, but I think we’re both proud, and also pleased, that she has made her own decisions in life and done so well. We have brought her up to be an independent thinker, so we can’t complain. Everything has turned out for the best. I had a nanny when I was a child but I never thought of being one myself, but times have changed and “nannying” has been socially acceptable for a long time. It wasn’t just Princess Diana who made it fashionable!a wee bit take after made her own decisions brought her upturned outthought of

12 Background Information Unit 3 Career 1. Choosing your career Your career choice determines the course that your life will take — it determines how successful you are, how happy you are and whether you live a good, bad or indifferent life. You have to think through what you want to achieve with your life in important areas such as your career, your family, artistic or sporting goals and public service. A crucial part of this is setting priorities in these different areas. No one has the time to excel in all areas — if the major focus of your life is to spend a lot of time with your family and contribute to voluntary organizations, then you must recognize that this will limit the time and effort you can dedicate to your career.

13 Background Information Unit 3 Career If you want to focus exclusively on your career, then you must understand and manage the consequences. Bear in mind that your priorities will probably change over time — many people focus completely on their careers in their twenties as they make a place for themselves in the world. In their thirties, they may take more of a family focus, and other things may become important later on — this is a normal part of life.

14 Unit 3 Career 2. Planning your career In order to choose an appropriate career which suits your abilities, skills, ambitions and ideals, you have to plan your career very carefully. Here are the steps you can follow: 1) Develop a career plan. Think about what you want to do and find out more about the kind of training, education, and skills you will need to achieve your career goal. 2) Assess your skills and interests. Think hard about what you enjoy, what you are good at, what kind of personality you are, and the values you hold. Background Information

15 Unit 3 Career 3) Research occupations. Find out more about the nature of the jobs that interest you, such as educational requirements, salary, working conditions, future outlook, and anything else that can help you narrow your focus. 4) Compare your skills and interests with the occupations you’ve selected. The career that matches your skills, interests, and personality the closest may be the career for you. 5) Choose your career goal. Once you’ve decided what occupation matches up best with you, then you can begin developing a plan to reach your career goal. Background Information

16 Unit 3 Career New Words and Expressions Notes Language and Culture Focus New Words and Expressions

17 Unit 3 Career 1. nanny n. child’s nurse 保姆 2. career n. a job or profession for which one is trained and which one intends to follow for part or the whole of ones life 职业 3. adore v. to love deeply and respect highly 热爱; 尊敬 4. part-time a./ad. for only a part of the working day or week 兼职的 ( 地 ) ;部分时间 5. delicious a. pleasant; good to eat 美味的 6. organize v. to arrange into a good working system; to make the necessary arrangements for 安排; 筹划 New Words and Expressions

18 Unit 3 Career 7. fantastic a. excellent; marvelous 极好的 8. fulltime a./ad. for or during the whole of the working day or week 全日制的 ( 地 ) ;全日 ( 的 ) 地 9. including prep. having as a part 包括 10. traditional a. of or in accordance with customs from the past to the present 传统的 11. cousin n. a child of one’s uncle or aunt 堂 ( 表 ) 兄 弟姐妹 12. firmly ad. in a strong will 坚定地 13. childish a. of a child; immature 孩子的;孩子气的 New Words and Expressions

19 Unit 3 Career 14. phase n. a stage in a process of change 阶段;时 期 15. footstep n. (the sound of) a person’s step 脚步声;足 迹 16. row n. loud noise; noisy argument 噪声;激烈的 争论 17. apply v. to make a formal request 申请,请求 18. encourage v. to make (someone) feel brave enough or confident enough to do something; support 鼓励 19. wee a. little; very small 小的;很小的 20. disappointed a. sad or dissatisfied 失望的;受挫的 New Words and Expressions

20 21. proud a. feeling or showing pride 感到得意的;自 豪的 22. independent a. not depended (on other people or things) 独立的;自主的 23. thinker n.a person who thinks deeply or in a specified way 有思想的人;思想家 24. complain v. to say that one is not satisfied, unhappy 投诉 25. acceptable a. worth accepting; welcome 值得接受的; 受欢迎的 26. fashionable a. following a style that is currently popular 时兴的;流行的 Unit 3 Career New Words and Expressions

21 Unit 3 Career 1. get on with to have a friendly relationship with (sb.); to get along with (sb.) 与 …… 相 处和睦 2. go through to experience 经历 3. make (it) up with to end a quarrel or dispute with (sb.) 言归于好 4. turn out to prove to be (sb./sth.) 证明是某人或 某物 5. grow up to reach the stage of full development; become adult or mature 长大,成人 New Words and Expressions

22 Unit 3 Career 6. for long for a long time 7. apply for to make a formal request for (sth.) 申请 8. take after to resemble in appearance or character 与 某人很像 9. bring up to raise or educate (somebody) 养育;教育 10. think of to take (sth.) into account; to imagine 考虑到;想到 11. follow in one’s footsteps to follow a similar occupation or lifestyle as somebody else 从事与他人同样的职业或过 同样的生活 New Words and Expressions

23 Notes Unit 3 Career 1. Norland Nursery Training College: a college which trains children’s nurses in the northland of the United Kingdom. 2. We got Alison: We had Alison as our nanny. 3. at the time: at a certain moment in the past. 4. Prince William: born in 1982, the first son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana, grandson of Queen Elizabeth II. 5. a wee bit: a little bit; The word wee is informal and colloquial. e.g. We’ll be a wee bit late, I’m afraid. 6. Everything has turned out for the best: It proves that everything is going on well. 7. Nannying... socially acceptable: Taking a job as a child’s nurse is accepted in the society. It implies that the occupation is not despised by the society. 8. Princess Diana: the ex-wife of Prince Charles, died in a traffic accident in 1997.

24 Unit 3 Career 1. nanny: a woman whose job is to take care of the children in a family, usually in the family’s own home. 保姆;奶妈 e.g. She found a job as a nanny with a wealthy Italian family. Language and Culture Focus

25 Unit 3 Career 2. 辨析 career 事业 & profession 职业 Career is a job or profession for which one is trained and which one intends to follow for part or the whole of one’s life. 需要特别训练的并 终身或长期从事的职业;一生的事业 e.g. a career in banking a change of career He realized that his acting career 演绎事业 was over. Career can also be an adjective, which means professional. e.g. career diplomat 职业外交家 career woman/girl 职业女性 Language and Culture Focus

26 Unit 3 Career Profession is a form of employment, esp. one that is possible only for an educated person and after training (such as law, medicine, or teaching) and that is respected in society as honorable. 尤指受过教育 和专门训练的法律、医学、教育等脑力劳动方面的专业、职业 e.g. He is a lawyer by profession. He was well respected in the medical profession. Professional is the adjective form. e.g. professional standard 专业标准 a professional photographer 职业摄影师 Professional can also be a noun, which refers to a person who has great experience and high professional standards. 专业人士 ; 专家 ; 内 行 e.g. She’s a real professional. Language and Culture Focus

27 Unit 3 Career 3. 辨析 part-time & full-time Part-time: adj. & adv. working for only part of each day or week ( 兼职的 / 地 ) e.g. a part-time job full-time: adj. & adv. just the opposite to “part-time”, meaning “working for all the hours of a week”. 全职的 / 地, 专职的 / 地 e.g. a full-time student 全日制学生 He works full-time. Language and Culture Focus

28 Unit 3 Career 4. delicious: highly pleasing or agreeable to the senses, especially of taste or smell. 美味的 e.g. a delicious meal Language and Culture Focus

29 Unit 3 Career 5. V+Oi+Od (double-object construction): Some verbs in English can be followed by two objects; one is the direct object and the other the indirect object. The direct object is usually animated beings, that is, humans or other animals. This construction always follows this pattern: Subject + Transitive Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object e.g. After school she made us delicious teas and read us stories in bed. She made me a beautiful dress. However, if the direct object precedes the indirect object, “to” or “for” should be used before the indirect object. Language and Culture Focus

30 Unit 3 Career e.g. He brings cookies to me every day. She made a beautiful dress for me. “To” is used to mean “towards sb.”. ( 用 to 侧重动作的方 向, 表示朝着、向着、对着某人 ) “For” is used to mean that the indirect object is the beneficiary. ( 用 for 侧重动作的受益者, 表示为了某人、替 某人 ) Verbs that can be followed by double objects are: Requiring “to” before the indirect object ( 需借助 to 的 ): bring, give, lend, hand, offer, pass, pay, promise, return, send, show, teach, tell, write, ask, and so on. Language and Culture Focus

31 Unit 3 Career Requiring “for” before the indirect object ( 需借助 for 的 ): buy, call, cook, choose, draw, find, get, make, order, sing, save, spare, and so on. When a sentence with double objects is changed into the passive form, the indirect object is usually used as the subject. e.g. The guest was given a warm welcome by the crowd. However, if the focus of attention is on the direct object, then the direct object can also act as the subject of the passive sentence, for instance, “We will offer any capable applicant a competitive salary” can be changed into: A competitive salary will be offered to any capable applicant. Language and Culture Focus

32 Unit 3 Career 6. wear: to have something such as clothes, shoes, or jewellery on your body. 穿;戴 (past tense wore; past participle worn) e.g. Susanna was wearing a black silk dress. He wore glasses for reading. wear black/white/red e.g. Usually I wear black, grey, or brown. Language and Culture Focus

33 Unit 3 Career 7. uniform: a particular type of clothing worn by all the members of a group or organization such as the police, the army, etc. 制服 e.g. school/army/police uniform Language and Culture Focus

34 Unit 3 Career Language and Culture Focus 8. get on with: to form or have a friendly relation. 与 …… 相处 e.g. Do you get on well with your boss?

35 Unit 3 Career 9. at the time: at the moment when something happened. 当时,那时候 e.g. It seemed like a good idea at the time. Language and Culture Focus

36 Unit 3 Career 10. phase: one of the stages of a process of development or change. 阶段 e.g. It’s just a phase he’s going through. Language and Culture Focus

37 Unit 3 Career 11. go through: to suffer or experience; endure. 遭 受;经历;忍受 e.g. The country has gone through too many wars. Language and Culture Focus

38 Unit 3 Career 12. make it up with: to become friends again (after a quarrel). 和解 e.g. They made up after an argument. Language and Culture Focus

39 Unit 3 Career 13. turn out: to happen in a particular way, or to have a particular result, especially one that you did not expect. 证明是 …… ,结果是 …… ,发展为 …… e.g. It was a difficult time, but eventually things turned out all right. To my surprise, it turned out that I was wrong. To our surprise, the stranger turned out to be an old friend of my mother’s. Language and Culture Focus

40 Unit 3 Career Language and Culture Focus 14. for long: (usually in questions and negatives) for a long time. e.g. Have you known them for long? I haven’t seen her for so long that I’ve forgotten what she looks like.

41 Unit 3 Career 15. apply for: to make a formal request, usually written, for something such as a job, a place in a university, or permission to do something. ( 正式以书面 ) 提出请求或申请 e.g. She applied for a job with the local newspaper. We need to apply for planning permission to build a garage. In the application, “to” can be used if an institution or a person is mentioned. e.g. We’ve applied to the council for a home improvement grant. I applied to four universities and was accepted by all of them. Language and Culture Focus

42 Unit 3 Career 16. a wee bit: rather. 有些;有点 e.g. He’s a wee bit drunk. Language and Culture Focus

43 Unit 3 Career 17. take after: to look or behave like (an older relative. 长相或者举止像 ( 某个长辈 ) ( 不用于进 行式 ) e.g. Mary really takes after her mother; she has the same eyes, nose, and hair. Language and Culture Focus

44 Unit 3 Career 18. make a decision: to decide after thinking carefully about something, especially about something that is very important. 下决心,作出决定 e.g. After weeks of sleepless nights, I finally made a decision. arrive at/come to/reach a decision: to officially decide about something important after discussing and carefully considering it. 决定下来,作出决定 e.g. Before reaching a decision the chairman usually talks to senior managers. Let me know as soon as you arrive at a decision. Language and Culture Focus

45 Unit 3 Career 19. bring up: to educate and care for a child until grown-up. 教育;教养 ( 孩子 ) e.g. She was brought up to believe that money is not the most important thing in the world. Language and Culture Focus

46 Unit 3 Career Language and Culture Focus 20. think of: to take into consideration = think about. 考虑;想到 e.g. We are thinking of going to France. She lay awake thinking of the money.

47 Unit 3 Career 21. follow in sb.’s footsteps: to follow an example set by someone in the past. 继承某人的事业;步某人的后尘 e.g. The girl’s following in her father’s footsteps and studying to be a doctor. row: 1)have row/a row with sb. A noisy dispute or controversy. I had a row with my boyfriend last night. 2) row: make a row: 吵吵嚷嚷 3 ) in a row/in row 排成一排 4 ) row upon row 一排一排地 Language and Culture Focus

48 Exercises Unit 3 Career Exercise I Exercise II Exercise III Exercise IV Exercise V Exercise VI

49 Exercise I Unit 3 Career I. Read the text carefully again and discuss the following questions. 1. What is Amanda’s father? 2. Who was Alison? 3. When did Alison come to be with Amanda’s family? 4. Why did little Amanda adore Alison very much? 5. How was Nanny Barnes different from Alison? 6.When did Amanda realize that she wanted to be a nanny?

50 Exercise I Unit 3 Career 7. What did Amanda’s parents think of young Amanda’s decision at the time? 8. What career did Amanda’s parents expect her to pursue? 9.When did Amanda’s parents begin to encourage her instead of frowning on her career choice? 10. Why did Amanda’s parents’ attitude change toward her choice of career? 11.Why do Amanda’s parents feel proud of their daughter? 12. How would your parents react to your decision to be a nanny?

51 Exercise II Unit 3 Career II. Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. ( ) 1. How did little Amanda think of her first nanny, Alison? a. Alison was well trained as a nanny. b. Alison was too young to be a qualified nanny. c. Alison hardened (firm) her resolve ( decision) to be a nanny. d. Alison stirred her interest 激起她的兴趣 in being a nanny. ( ) 2. Why did Amanda want to be a nanny? a. She enjoyed looking after children. b. She didn’t want to study in a law school. c. She hated to follow in her father’s footsteps. d. Princess Diana made nannying a fashionable job. d a

52 Unit 3 Career ( ) 3. How do Amanda’s parents feel about her choice of career now? a. Her parents think that her decision is rather childish and she will regret sooner or later. b. Her parents can’t come to terms with the fact that their daughter chooses to be a nanny. c. Her parents feel very sorry for her and believe their daughter deserves a more decent job. d. Her parents look upon her choice with mixed feelings but feel proud of her being so independent. d Exercise II

53 Unit 3 Career ( ) 4. What is true about Alison? a. Alison worked full-time with Amanda’s family. b. Alison got on well with Amanda and Amanda’s sister. c. Alison came to look after Amanda when Amanda was born. d. Alison was hired by Princess Diana to nurse Prince William. b Exercise II

54 Unit 3 Career ( ) 5. What can you conclude from the passage? a. Every nanny in Britain should go to college for formal training. b. Both Alison and Nanny Barnes influenced Amanda’s choice of career. c. Parents are held responsible for making good career decisions for their children. d. Nannying has been widely accepted as a respectable and fashionable job in Britain. b Exercise II

55 Exercise III Unit 3 Career III. Give the English words or phrases according to the meanings provided. 1. ___________ to make the necessary arrangements for 2. ___________ to say that one is not satisfied, unhappy 3. ___________ sad or dissatisfied 4. ___________ to make a formal request 5. ___________ a stage in a process of change 6. ___________ loud noise; noisy argument 7. ___________ having as a part 8. ___________ pleasant; good to eat 9. ___________ to love deeply and respect highly 10. ___________ excellent; marvelous 11. ___________ feeling or showing pride 12. ___________ following a style that is currently popular organize complain disappointed apply phase row including delicious adore fantastic proud fashionable

56 Exercise IV Unit 3 Career IV. Put the following words or expressions from the text in the blanks to complete the sentences. Make changes where necessary. 1. The girl’s father is a doctor. She _______________________________ and studying to be a doctor. 2. As a postgraduate, he supports himself by working ________________ in a company. 3. The child ______________________ his father only when seen at a distance. 4. The secretary tells me that our new manager is very kind and easy to ______________________. part-timego throughmake a decision bring up take aftermake it upturn out follow in one ’ s footsteps at the timeget on withfor long is following her father’s footsteps part-time took after get on with

57 Exercise IV Unit 3 Career 5. The company has been ______________________ considerable changes for the past three years. 6. When I first heard the proposal, I agreed ______________________, but later I changed my mind. 7. The company met with a serious financial problem and had to ______________________ as to what to do. 8. John had a quarrel with Mary last week. Has he ________________ with her yet? 9. The job ______________________ to be harder than we had expected. 10. As a good-hearted nanny, Mrs. Smith ______________________ five parentless children. 11. I haven’t seen her daughter ______________________, so that I’ve forgot what she looks like. going through at the time make a decision made it up turned out brought up for long

58 Exercise V Unit 3 Career V. Rewrite the following sentences and replace the underlined words with appropriate words or phrases from the text. 1. I’ll have a little drop of cream in my coffee. ____________________________________________________________ 2. How can I read with all this noise going on? ____________________________________________________________ 3. He is going through the most exciting stage of his career. ____________________________________________________________ 4. Why don’t you end your quarrel and shake hands with each other? ____________________________________________________________ 5. He has made up his mind to return to China and request for a job. ____________________________________________________________ 6. Since he’s no longer a child, he can make his own decision. ____________________________________________________________ I’ll have a wee drop of cream in my coffee. How can I read with all this row going on? He is going through the most exciting phase of his career. Why don’t you make it up and shake hands with each other? He has made up his mind to return to China and apply for a job. Since he’s grown up, he can make his own decision.

59 Exercise VI Unit 3 Career VI. Word study: For each of the following clues, use the given prompts to make sentences in the same way as shown in the model. 1. Prompt: I /simply/adore (v.)/ski/winter.adore Model: I simply adore skiing in winter. a. many/young/female/adore (v.)/visit/fashion show b. most/indigenous/tribe/island/adore (v.)/her/goddess c. girl/boy/adore (v.)/film/eye-catching/special effect a. Many young females adore visiting fashion shows. b. Most of the indigenous tribes on the island adore her as a goddess. c. Girls and boys adore this film for its eye-catching special effects. Key:

60 Exercise VI Unit 3 Career adore adore [基本用法] 1) vt. to like very much. 非常喜欢 e.g. As a child, I adore fairy tales. 2) vt. to love deeply and respect highly. ( 无进行体 ) 敬慕, 爱 慕 e.g. He adores his elder brother. [相关词] adoration n. 敬慕;敬仰 e.g. He looked at Julia in obvious adoration. adorable adj. 迷人的;可爱的 e.g. What an adorable baby!

61 Unit 3 Career 2. Prompt: he/not/realize (v.)/ his/mistakerealize Model: He didn’t realize his mistake. a. he/accept/task/not/realize (v.)/ take/risk b. she/speak/English/well/I/never/realize (v.)/ she/German c. she/realize (v.)/ambition/become/actress/ceaseless/effort a. He accepted the task without realizing the risk he was taking. b. She spoke English so well that I never realized she was German. c. She realized her ambition of becoming an actress after ceaseless efforts. Key: Exercise VI

62 Unit 3 Career realize [基本用法] 1) vt. to understand and believe (a fact); be or become conscious of. ( 不用于进行式 ) 了解; 领悟;认识到 e.g. He didn’t realize the risk he was taking. She spoke English so well that I never realized she was German. 2) vt. to make (a hope, purpose, goal, etc.) real. 使 ( 希望、 目的、目标等 ) 实现 e.g. She realized her ambition of becoming an actress. My worst fears were realized when I saw what the exam questions were. Exercise VI

63 Unit 3 Career [相关词] realization n. 认识;体会;领悟;实现 e.g. There is a realization that more work need to be done. Getting this role in a major film was a realization of her childhood dreams. realizable adj. 可以实现的 e.g. Our hopes are hardly realizable. [相关搭配] come to the realization that: 认识到 e.g. The city council has come to the realization that transportation problems are costing the city money. realize one’s long-cherished wish: 实现夙愿 self-realization: 本人才能的充分发挥 Exercise VI

64 Unit 3 Career 3. Prompt: we/have/small/row (n.)/but/quickly/make uprow Model: We had a small row but quickly made up. a. he/seat/boat/begin/row (v.)/towards/harbor/mouth b. he/always/have/row (n.)/wife/trifle c. we/stand/row (n.)/receive/certificate/headmaster Key: a. He seated himself in the boat and began rowing towards the harbor’s mouth. b. He’s always having a row with his wife about trifles. c. We stood in rows to receive our certificates from the headmaster. Exercise VI

65 row [ 基本用法 ] 1) n. a noisy quarrel; a public argument; a dispute or controversy. 争吵;辩论;争论 e.g. Rows about/over money are the common reason for the breakdown of marriages. have rows/a row with sb. : 与某人争吵 e.g. I had a row with my boyfriend last night. 2) n. a noise. ( 贬义 ) 喧闹声;吵闹声 make a row: 吵吵嚷嚷 e.g. Stop making such a row; I can’t sleep. 3) vi. (British English) to argue in an angry way. 争吵;吵架 e.g. They were rowing about/over money as usual. I’m not going to row with you — I’d just like you to explain. Unit 3 Career Exercise VI

66 4) vt. to move a boat through the water with oars. 划船 e.g. Can you row (a boat)? 5) n. a neat line (of people or things) side by side. 一排;一行;一列 e.g. a row of houses We sat in the third row of the stalls. [ 相关搭配 ] in rows/a row: ( 排成、站成 ) 一排 / 行 / 列 e.g. The children stood in a row. Plant the seedlings in parallel rows. in a row: 一个接一个地;没有间断 e.g. His job allows him to take several days off in a row. row upon row: 一排一排地 e.g. She could see row upon row of people waiting to be served. a blazing row: 大吵一顿 e.g. We had a blazing row a couple of years ago and I haven’t seen her since. Unit 3 Career Exercise VI

67 Unit 3 Career 4. Propmt: it/turn (v.) out/he/be/new/manager/firmturn Model: It turned out that he was the new manager of the firm. a. mood/meeting/turn (v.)/solemn/problem/know b. I/wait/long/turn (n.)/see/doctor/I/miss/train c. many/country/start/turn (v.)/ attention/new/form/energy a. The mood of the meeting turned solemn when the problem became known. b. I waited so long for my turn to see the doctor that I missed my train. c. Many countries are starting to turn their attention to new forms of energy. Key: Exercise VI

68 Unit 3 Career turn [ 基本用法 ] 1) vi/vt. to move around a central or fixed point. 旋转;转动 e.g. She turned the key in the lock. I turned the screw a few more times to tighten it. 2) vi. to change so as to become (esp. sth. bad). 转变成 ( 尤指不好 的状况 ) ;使成为 e.g. She suddenly turned pale when she heard the bad news. The milk has turned sour. The king’s trusted minister turned traitor and poisoned him. 3) vt. to go round. 拐过;拐弯 e.g. The car turned the corner. Exercise VI

69 Unit 3 Career 4) n. 转动;旋动;转弯;顺序 e.g. Don’t pull the handle; give it a turn. Make a right turn after the bank. You have missed your turn so you’ll have to wait. [ 相关搭配 ] turn one’s back on: 反对 turn a deaf ear to: 对 …… 充耳不闻 turn a blind eye to: 对 …… 视而不见 take turns: 轮流 the turn of the century: 世纪之交 by turns: 轮流;依次 out of the turn: 不合时宜地;鲁莽地 Exercise VI

70 Unit 3 Career spend spend 5. Prompt: they/ spend (v.)/ energy /clean up/placespend Model: They’ve spent their energy cleaning the place up. a. he/spend (v.)/ most/life/work/same/company b. minister/look forward to/spend (v.)/ more/time/family c. they/only/able/spend (v.)/ money/basic/necessity a. He has spent most of his life working for the same company. b. The minister was looking forward to spending more time with his family. c. They are only able to spend money on basic necessity. Key: Exercise VI

71 Unit 3 Career spend [ 基本用法 ] 1) vt. to pass or use (time). 消磨 ( 时间 ) ;度过 ( 时间 ) spend sth. doing sth. (with sb.) e.g. We spent a pleasant hour or two talking with our friends. He’s spent half his life writing this book. 2) vi./vt. to give out in payment for goods or services. 用 ( 钱 ) ;花费 spend sth. on sth. e.g. They spend a lot of money on advertising. 3) vt. to wear out or use completely. 耗尽;用尽 e.g. The storm soon spent itself/its force. [ 相关词 ] spender n. 花费者 spent adj. 用过的;失效的;不再使用的 Exercise VI

72 Unit 3 Career e.g. spent cartridge 空弹壳 Do you think Scottish nationalism is now a spent force (no longer has power or influence)? spending n. 花费;支出 e.g. government/public/state spending defense/education/health spending [相关搭配] spending money: 零花钱 spendthrift: 奢侈的人 money well spent: 值得花的钱 e.g. The repairs cost quite a lot, but it was money well spent. Exercise VI

73 Post-reading Unit 3 Career Task 1: Work individually Task 2: Work in groups Role Play: Figure out Where You Belong

74 Task 1: Work individually Unit 3 Career Task 1: Work individually. It will help you to make a smart career choice if you know your unique qualities — your abilities, talents, needs, values, and interests. Here is a quiz to help you learn more about yourself. Read each statement and decide if it describes you, when compared with other students. A Quiz What I like 1. I like to work with animals, tools, or machines. True Mostly true Not true 2. I like to study and solve math or science problems. True Mostly true Not true

75 Task 1: Work individually Unit 3 Career 3. I like to do creative activities like art, drama, crafts, dance, music, or creative writing. True Mostly true Not true 4. I like to do things where I can help people — like teaching first aid, or giving information. True Mostly true Not true 5. I like to lead and persuade people, and to sell things and ideas. True Mostly true Not true 6. I like to work with numbers, records, or machines in a set, orderly way. True Mostly true Not true

76 Task 1: Work individually Unit 3 Career How I see myself 1. I am practical, mechanical, and realistic. True Mostly true Not true 2. I am precise, scientific, and intellectual. True Mostly true Not true 3. I am artistic, imaginative, original, and independent. True Mostly true Not true 4. I am helpful, friendly, and trustworthy. True Mostly true Not true 5. I am energetic, ambitious, and sociable. True Mostly true Not true 6. I am orderly, and good at following a set plan. True Mostly true Not true

77 Task 1: Work individually Unit 3 Career What I value 1. I value practical things you can see and touch like plants and animals you can grow , or things you can build or make better. True Mostly true Not true 2. I value the creative arts — like drama, music, art, or the works of creative writers. True Mostly true Not true 3. I value helping people and solving social problems. True Mostly true Not true 4. I value success in politics, leadership, or business. True Mostly true Not true 5. I value science. True Mostly true Not true

78 Task 2: Work in groups. Unit 3 Career Thinking about a career is always hard for youngsters. Suppose you are a would-be employee trying to figure out where you belong and the other students in the group are occupation counselors. After considering your skills and interests, the counselors suggest some work possibilities for you. Take turns to play the role of a counselee and that of a counselor. Activity Sheet for Occupation Counselor You may choose some of the following questions or ask whatever you think necessary to find out more about your counselee.  What do you like to do?  What are you good at?  What do you expect of the job?  Do you like physical or outdoor activities?  Do you mind traveling a lot?  Are you patient with children or the elderly?

79 Task 2: Work in groups. Unit 3 Career Activity Sheet for Counselee You may choose some of the following questions or ask whatever you think necessary to have a clearer picture about the career in question.  What do people exactly do at work?  Is the job interesting or rather boring?  What are the skills or knowledge required for this job?  What is the responsibility of the job?  What future prospects does this job offer?  Does the job require a lot of contact with the public or coworkers?

80 Reading II Unit 3 Career Dictation Text Exercises UNIT

81 Dictation Unit 3 Career Dictation ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ___________________________________ I know that times have changed, but I was brought up with a nanny and a cook to look after me, and I never went near the kitchen. I was taken aback (surprise) at first when my son announced that he wanted to be a cook. His grandfather still hasn’t got over (recovered) it, but his mother and I are happy that he is doing something he enjoys. Nowadays anyone with a job that they enjoy is very lucky.

82 Text Unit 3 Career Text Notes

83 The Gardener Unit 3 Career 1. Hugo Grantchester, 26, has been a gardener and a tree surgeon for four years. He went to Oxford University to study archaeology, but he dropped out after just one term. His father, Hector, is a surveyor and his mother, Geraldine, is an interior designer. Hugo and his mother talk about his choice of career.gardener surgeonOxford University archaeologydropped out surveyorinterior designer Text

84 Unit 3 Career 2. Hugo When I was 11, we moved to a large Tudor house in East Anglia which had three acres of garden. We had a gardener who lived in a little cottage at the end of our drive. I used to spend hours watching him work and talking to him. I think I picked up a lot about gardening without realizing it, because one summer, when I was still at school, I took a job at a garden centre and I knew all the names of the plants, and I could give people advice. Then I went to university and it was a disaster. After a term, I told my parents that I was going to give it up and go back to work in the garden centre. They were furious. We had a terrible row, and they didn’t speak to me for months. But I knew it was a waste of time to carry on studying archaeology, and the moment I started gardening again, I knew I’d made the right decision. I’ve enjoyed every moment of the last four years and my parents have learnt to accept what I do, not only because they can see how happy I am, but also because a lot of my university friends have found it difficult to find good jobs or have been made redundant. Sometimes people are quite taken aback when they find out that their gardener went to university, but I think it makes them respect my opinion more when I’m helping them plan their gardens.Tudor house acres drivepicked up furiouscarry onthe momentmade the right decisionenjoyed every moment ofredundanttaken abackmakes them respect Text

85 Unit 3 Career 3. Hugo’s Mother His father and I were so delighted when he went to Oxford, but when he gave it up so soon, we were very, very angry. We thought manual labour was not the career for our only son. We fell out for months. Hector refused to allow Hugo into the house, and we all felt thoroughly miserable. But our daughter told us not to worry because Hugo would be a millionaire by the time he was forty. Anyway, we’ve made it up now we can see how happy he is, even though he hasn’t become a millionaire yet! Times have changed and all kinds of people do all kinds of work, and I think the world’s a better place for it!delighted manual labouronly sonfell out miserablemillionaire Text

86 Notes Unit 3 Career 1. archaeology: the scientific study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by examining the remains of their buildings, tombs and other objects. 2. to drop out: to withdraw from participation of membership. ( 退 出 ; 退学 ) 3. surveyor: one that surveys, esp. one whose occupation is surveying land. 4. interior designer: a person whose job is to plan the way the inside of a house, flat, etc. is to be decorated. 5. Tudor house: a house with the style of architecture popular in Tudor dynasty (1485—1603) in Britain. 6. acre: a unit for measuring land area, now equal to 43, 560 square feet or 4, 047 square metres. ( 英亩 )

87 Notes Unit 3 Career 7. drive: a road for vehicles that connects a private house or garage with the street. ( 私用车道 ) 8. pick up: to learn something easily without making much effort. 9. furious: very angry. 10. carry on doing: to continue to do. 11. redundant: no longer employed because there is not enough work; be made redundant: be laid off ( 下岗 ). 12. take aback: to surprise. ( 使惊讶,使吓一跳 ); (usu. passive)be taken aback: be surprised or shocked. 13. only son: one with no brothers. ( 惟一的儿子 ) 14. fall out: to quarrel. 15. millionaire: a person whose wealth is estimated at a million or more (as of dollars or pounds).

88 Unit 3 Career 1. gardener: someone whose job is to grow flowers and plants and work in gardens. 园林工人;园艺 家 gardening: the activity of working in a garden, growing plants, cutting a lawn etc. 园艺学 Notes

89 Unit 3 Career 2. surgeon: a doctor whose job is to perform medical operations. The performing of medical operations is called surgery ( 外科手术 ). A tree surgeon refers to an expert who is specially trained to treat diseased trees. In other words, a tree surgeon is a tree doctor. ( 外科医师 ) Notes

90 Unit 3 Career 3. Oxford University: a famous university at Oxford, England, founded in the 1200’s. Notes

91 Unit 3 Career 4. archaeology: the scientific study of historic or prehistoric people and their cultures by examining the remains of their houses, pots, tools, tombs and other objects. Notes

92 Unit 3 Career Notes 5. drop out: If someone drops out, it means he leaves school, college or university before his course of study has finished and he has no intention of returning. e.g. He dropped out of the race because of a sprained ankle. In the 1960s, Harlem was devastated by riots and many teenagers dropped out of school. “Do drop out” can also mean to move away from or refuse to join ordinary society because of not agreeing with accepted practice, standards, and ways of living ( 隐退,遁 世 ). e.g. drop out of society

93 Unit 3 Career 6. surveyor: a person whose job is to survey or measure buildings and land. 土地 测量员;建筑物鉴定人 Notes

94 Unit 3 Career 7. interior designer: a person whose job is to plan and choose the colors, furnishing, etc., for the inside of a room or house. An interior designer usually does not do the actual work of putting them in. Actually, he just designs. Notes

95 Unit 3 Career 8. Tudor house: a house with the Tudor style. Tudor style refers to the style of architecture which was once very popular in the Tudor dynasty in Britain. Notes

96 Unit 3 Career 9. acre: a unit for measuring land area, now equal to 43, 560 square feet or 4, 047 square metres. 英亩 Notes

97 Unit 3 Career Notes 10. drive: There are different words for the idea of “road”. You may refer to the following table: drive/driveway ( 私用车道 ) a road for vehicles that connects a private house or garage with the street road ( 马路 ) a hard level surface made for cars and other vehicles to travel on street ( 街道 ) a road with houses or shops path ( 小径 ) a winding way made by or for people walking over the ground avenue ( 林荫道 )a broad street in a town , sometimes having trees on each side highway ( 公路 ) an American word meaning a wide fast road that connects big cities and towns

98 Unit 3 Career Notes expressway/freew ay ( 高速公路 ) an American word meaning a wide fast road that takes traffic into and out of a big city and is often very busy motorway ( 高速 公路 ) a British word meaning a wide fast road that connects big cities and towns for fast long-distance travel track ( 小道,小 径 ) a narrow rough road leading to a farm or a field , usually formed by the pressure of farm vehicles on the ground lane ( 小路,小巷 ) a narrow winding road connecting villages or farms passage ( 走廊, 过道 ) a long narrow connecting way inside a building alley ( 小巷,胡 同 ) a very narrow street or path between buildings in a town

99 Unit 3 Career 11. pick up: learn something easily without making much effort. Notes e.g. I picked up quite a lot of Spanish when I was in Spain last summer.

100 Unit 3 Career Notes e.g. He will be furious with us if we are late. I was furious at being kept waiting so long. 12. furious: very angry in an uncontrolled way, in a fury.

101 Unit 3 Career Notes e.g. We carried on our discussion after lunch. I could never have carried on without their support. If you carry out something, you begin to perform it and continue until it is finished. e.g. An investigation into the cause of the crash will be carried out by the Department of Transport. 13. carry on: If you carry on doing something, you continue to do it in spite of interruptions or difficulties.

102 Unit 3 Career 14. The moment...: “The Moment” can be used to introduce a time adverbial in the pattern “the moment (that) somebody does something”, meaning as soon as someone does something. Notes e.g. He said he’d phone you the moment he got home.

103 Unit 3 Career Notes 15. enjoy every moment of sth.: enjoy something very much.

104 Unit 3 Career Notes 16. redundant: No longer employed because there is not enough work, usu. used with “make”. e.g. Seventy men in the factory were made redundant because of falling demand for products.

105 Unit 3 Career Notes e.g. I was rather taken aback by his rudeness. 17. be taken aback: If you are taken aback, you are so surprised or shocked by something unexpected that you have to pause for a moment and cannot think or do anything.

106 Unit 3 Career 18. makes them respect...; help them plan...: These are V + O + Inf. (without to) constructions. Some verbs can be used with a bare infinitive ( 不带 to 的不定式 ) as object complement ( 宾语补足语 ), such as make, have, help, let, see, hear, watch, and feel. e.g. She had them read the letter. I often hear them sing the song. Suddenly we felt the atmosphere grow tense. She lets her children stay up very late. Could you help me unload the car? My new position made them respect me more. Notes

107 Unit 3 Career 19. delighted: When somebody feels pleased or satisfied, we say “he is delighted”. Notes e.g. We were delighted with the effect of our advertisement. But if something is satisfactory and pleasant, we say “it is delightful”. e.g. a delightful little house a delightful holiday

108 Unit 3 Career Notes 20. manual labour : Manual labour is the kind of work in which you use your hands or your physical strength rather than your mind. The kind of work which involves the use of the mind is called “mental work”.

109 Unit 3 Career Notes 21. only son: one with no brothers or sister. 独生子

110 Unit 3 Career 22. fall out: If you fall out with someone, you quarrel or have an argument with someone and stop being friendly with him or her. Notes e.g. Jane and Paul have fallen out with each other over the education of their children.

111 Unit 3 Career Notes 23. miserable: unhappy, uncomfortable.

112 Unit 3 Career Notes 24. millionaire: a person who has a million pound or dollars; very rich person.

113 Exercises Unit 3 Career Exercise I Exercise II Exercise III Exercise IV Exercise V Exercise VI

114 Exercise I Unit 3 Career I. Comprehension: True/False/Not Mentioned. ( ) 1. Hugo Grantchester became a gardener and a tree surgeon four years ago. ( ) 2. Hector is an interior designer and Geraldine is a surveyor. ( ) 3. Hugo’s parents have been working very hard in order to raise him and his sister. ( ) 4. When Hugo was 11, his family moved to a modern house in East Anglia which had a very large garden. ( ) 5. Hugo got along very well with the gardener living in a little cottage. ( ) 6. When Hugo was still at university, he took a job as a gardener at a garden centre and got to know many names of the plants. T F NM F T F

115 Exercise I Unit 3 Career ( ) 7. Hugo often failed to attend classes at Oxford when he was in the university because he thought going to college was a disaster. ( ) 8. His parents were very angry at his giving up his university studies and they quarreled for months. ( ) 9. Hugo’s parents gradually learned to accept what he had chosen to do, not only because they could see he was happy, but also because he had got a fine job. ( )10. Hugo’s mother used to look down upon manual labor, but now she considers it the best job in the world because it has helped his son to become a millionaire. NM T T F

116 Exercise II Unit 3 Career II. Discussion Questions. 1. What did Hugo’s parents want him to do? 2. What was his parents’ attitude to his choice of career at first? 3. Has his parents’ attitude changed? If so, why? 4. Do you think mental labour is superior to manual labour? Why or why not?

117 Exercise III Unit 3 Career III. Vocabulary: Guess the meaning of the following underlined words and expressions from the text. ( ) 1. She attended the technical school for only one term and then dropped out to become a waitress. a. ended up b. left school without finishing her courses c. played truant d. turned out ( ) 2. The clever young man picked up elementary spoken English only in two months. a. learnedb. collected c. selectedd. mastered

118 Unit 3 Career ( ) 3. He was furious with the landlady over the leaking pipes. a. complainingb. unsatisfied c. finding faultd. extremely angry ( ) 4. The old couple had a terrible row about their son’s marriage. a. booked two seats in a back row b. made a plan c. quarreled bitterly d. were very excited Exercise III

119 Unit 3 Career ( ) 5. The manager told his assistant to carry on working while he went to attend a meeting. a. take upb. stopc. put offd. continue ( ) 6. His reply took me so much aback that for a while I was lost for words. a. shockedb. frightenedc. pleasedd. disappointed ( ) 7. It’s wrong for young people to look down upon manua l labor. a. physicalb. hardc. unskille d. heavy Exercise III

120 Unit 3 Career ( ) 8. From time to time the two brothers fell out over an inheritance. a. criticized b. fought c. quarreled d. hurt ( ) 9. The middle-aged man felt miserable after his divorce. a. free b. unhappyc. lonelyd. meaningless ( ) 10. The newly-married couple are arguing angrily and making up by turns. a. making peaceb. forgiving each other c. giving ind. blaming each other Exercise III

121 Special Use Unit 3 Career 1 . 整体描写和局部描写 在描写人物时,我们通常会使用一些形容词描述人的身 体各部分:体形、脸形、面颊、鼻子、眼睛、嘴巴、下 巴、牙齿、头发的颜色和发型以及肤色等。有些形容词 属于整体描写,例如 : cool ( 酷 ) , fashionable ( 时髦的 ) , healthy , strong , tall , meager , smart , kind 等;有些 形容词属于局部描写,需要与某些身体器官搭配使用, 例如: round face , deep-set eyes ( 深陷的双眼 ) , red cheeks ( 红色的面颊 ) , crooked nose ( 鹰钩鼻子 ) , pointed chin ( 尖下巴 ) , big mouth , even teeth ( 平整的 牙齿 ) , blonde hair ( 金发 ) , curly hair ( 卷发 ) , sunburned skin ( 晒黑的皮肤 ) 等。 Describe People’s Appearance

122 Unit 3 Career 2 . 生理特征的描写和人格特征的描写 以上与人体器官搭配的形容词都属于生理特征描写。 但除了生理描写外,我们也可以描写人的性格特征, 例如 : generous ( 慷慨的 ) , modest ( 谦虚的 ) , honest , serious, obstinate ( 固执的 ) , self-conceited ( 自负的 ) , kind-hearted ( 善良的 ) 等。 Special Use

123 Unit 3 Career 3 . 单个形容词和复合形容词 有些形容词由单个词构成,例如 : tall , short , fat , thin , slim ;有些形容词由两、三个词共同构成, 成为 复合形容词,例如 : snow-white ( 雪白的 ) , sun- tanned ( 黝黑的 ) , ordinary-looking ( 相貌平平的 ) , warm-hearted ( 热心的 ) 等。 Special Use

124 Unit 3 Career 4 . 常用于人物描写的语法结构 ● 系动词+形容词或名词 e.g. My brother is tall and handsome. He is tall and sturdy ( 强壮 ). The boy is extremely bright. My mother is thrifty with money. As a child, he is meager ( 瘦的 ) and weak. The old man looks thin. He looks old and his hair is all white. The girl tends to be jealous of those who make greater progress. Special Use

125 Unit 3 Career ● 形容词+名词 e.g. a serious-looking face a grey-haired woman a wrinkled face a bad temper a pretty girl a timid boy Tom has a strong body and high intelligence. ● 动作+副词 e.g. live happily work actively ● 介词+名词 e.g. of medium build of great wisdom Special Use

126 Unit 3 Career 5 .描写人物的基本原则 ● 描写要具体,避免笼统化,应注重细节描写,体现人物的音容笑貌。 在实践中,学习者要避免一些泛泛而谈的词,例如 : awful, bad, beautiful, fine, good, great, interesting, lovely, nice, pretty, wonderful 等。好的描写需要注意具体的细节,所以用词要具体化。 e.g.He was thin, short, and dark. His hair was like a bundle of straw 一捆稻草. His dirty clothes and tired look were clearly signs of a long travel. His clothes were made of cheap cloth. The coat was too short and the trousers too loose. And he wore a pair of rubber shoes, which were very unfashionable. He did not look smart at all. Special Use

127 Unit 3 Career ● 生理特征描写应与人物的性格、思想和要表达的情感相结合,并通过具 体的事例得以体现,表现出人物的特性和特征。 e.g. Most Jewish women of her age were sickly, weak, broken in body. But this washwoman, small and thin as she was, possessed a strength that came from generations of peasant ancestors. His gaunt (枯瘦), expressive face was dominated by piercing ( acute) eyes, conveying a mixture of intensity and repose, of wariness 小心 and calm self-confidence. He wore an immaculately ( perfect) tailored 定做 的 gray coat, at once simple and elegant 优雅. He moved gracefully and with dignity 高贵, filling a room not by his physical dominance but by his air of controlled tension, steely discipline, and self-control. As if he were a coiled spring 螺旋弹簧. He conveyed ( send) an easy casualness, which, however, did not deceive the careful observer. The quick smile, the comprehending expression that made clear he understood English even without translation, the palpable alertness 可触及的警觉 were clearly the features of a man who had had burned into him by a searing half-century the vital importance of self-possession. 泰然自若 Special Use

128 Exercise IV Unit 3 Career IV. Special Use: Describing People’s Appearance. Describing People’s Appearance.Describing People’s Appearance. Study the words and phrases about a person’s appearance in the table below. Then use some of them to describe what each of the five people looks like. They are a middle-aged lady, an old man, a soldier, a young girl, and an athlete. You have to pick out at least one word or phrase to describe their build, height, face, eyes, cheeks, nose, chin, mouth, hair and complexion respectively. Build fat, thin, plump, slim, overweight, athletic ( 体格健壮的 ) Height tall, short, tallish ( 稍高的 ) , shortish , middle-sized Face long, square ( 方的 ), round, oval ( 椭圆形的 ) Eyes long eyelashes ( 长睫毛 ), thick eyelashes ( 浓睫毛 ), bushy eyebrows ( 浓眉 ), thin eyebrows ( 细眉毛 ),deep- set ( 深陷的 ) Cheeks pale, red, pink, hollow ( 深陷的 ), smooth ( 光洁的 )

129 Exercise IV Unit 3 Career Nose straight, big, small, flat ( 扁平的 ), long, broad Chin double chin, pointed chin ( 尖下巴 ), round chin Mouthbig, small, toothless Teetheven, uneven, regular, irregular, perfect, strong Hair Colorblack, fair, blonde, golden, dyed Hairstyle straight, wavy ( 成波浪型的 ), curly ( 卷发的 ), neat, untidy, bald ( 秃头的 ) Complexion pale, sunburned ( 晒黑的 ), dark, fair ( 白皙的 ), ruddy ( 微红的 )

130 Exercise IV Unit 3 Career 1. a middle-aged lady: _______________________ _______________________ 2. an old man: _______________________ _______________________

131 Exercise IV Unit 3 Career 3. a soldier: _______________________ _______________________ 4. a young girl: _______________________ _______________________

132 Exercise IV Unit 3 Career 5. an athlete: _______________________

133 Exercise V Unit 3 Career V. Translate the following sentences into English, using the expressions in the parentheses. 1. 新来的总经理秘书与公司员工相处得非常融洽。 (get on with) 2. 那个孩子梦想着长大以后当一名企业家。 (grow up) 3. 一个商人在成功之前势必要经历许多困难和严峻考验。 (go through) 4. 如果你要申请某一公司的工作,需要先写一封求职信。 (apply for) The new secretary of the general manager got on very well with the staff of the company. The child dreams of becoming an entrepreneur when he grows up. A businessman will have to go through many difficulties and severe tests before he succeeds. If you want to apply for a job with a company, you need to write a letter of application first.

134 Exercise V Unit 3 Career 5. 维克多在大学三年级因患肺病而不得不退学。 (drop out) 6. 财务部门的预算报告后来证明是不切合实际的。 (turn out) 7. 如果要把产品推向市场,花大量时间做市场调研是极其必要的。 (spend... doing) 8. 为了挣更多的钱,他辞去了工作,开办了一家服装厂。 (give up) Victor had to drop out in his junior year when he developed lung trouble. The budget report of the financial department turned out to be impractical. If you want to market your product, it’s very necessary to spend much time doing market research. He gave up his job and set up a clothing factory to earn more money.

135 Exercise V Unit 3 Career 9. 他决定在他外出期间由副总裁负责公司业务。 (make a decision) 10. 在交易时,我们不仅要大胆,而且要谨慎。 (not only...but also) 11. 玛丽与她的一些同事闹翻了,决定另找工作。 (fall out) 12. 他盛气凌人和不讲理的态度使我大吃一惊。 (take aback) He made a decision that the vice-president should be in charge of the company’s business when he was away. We should not only be bold, but also be cautious in trading. Mary fell out with some of her colleagues and decided to look for a new job. I was completely taken aback by his aggressive and unreasonable attitude.

136 1. a. Beforeb. Onc. Byd. After 2. a. take overb. take awayc. take offd. take down 3. a. onb. inc. atd. of 4. a. careerb. toolc. meansd. fun 5. a. forb. asc. ofd. to Exercise VI Unit 3 Career VI. Cloze. I think I’ve always been interested in food. I realized that I wanted to be a cook when I was about 12. 1 the time I was 15, I had 2 the cooking at home for my parents’ dinner parties, and I had started to make up my own recipes. I knew my parents would not approve 3 cooking as a 4, so I decided to introduce them slowly to the idea. I told them that I wanted to do a cookery course 5 fun, and I went for a month to a hotel in Torquay.

137 6. a. toob. quitec. sod. pretty 7. a. put upb. put outc. put ond. put off 8. a. Firstlyb. Firstc. At firstd. First of all 9. a. whyb. howc. whend. whether 10. a. writeb. to writec. writingd. having written Exercise VI Unit 3 Career I enjoyed it 6 much that I knew I couldn’t 7 telling my parents any longer, so I brought the subject up one night over dinner. 8 there was silence, and then my father asked me 9. I explained that cooking was like painting a picture or 10 a book. Every meal was an act of creation.

138 Exercise VI Unit 3 Career 11. a. sob. butc. ord. though 12. a. byb. onc. atd. over 13. a. enterpriseb. firmc. bard. restaurant 14. a. ofb. inc. atd. for 15. a. farmb. farmingc. to farmd. a farm I could see that my father was not convinced, 11 he didn’t get angry. He just patted me 12 the shoulder and smiled. My mother kissed me. And now that I have opened my own 13, I think they are very proud 14 me. However, my grandfather (on my fathers side) is not so kind. He thinks I’m mad to have given up 15.

139 Extended Activities Unit 3 Career A Phonetic Drills B Function and Structure C Practical Reading D Additional Vocabulary E Business World F Humor Time UNIT

140 Phonetic Drills: Back Vowels Unit 3 Career Exercise I Exercise II Exercise III Exercise IV Exercise V

141 Exercise I Unit 3 Career I. Listen to the dialogue and find out the words contains the sounds listed below. Where Is the English Class? Paulo: Where is the English class? Joana: On the first floor. Room 101. Paulo: Are you sure? Joana: No, I... Paulo: Look, Joana. Are those students in our class? Joana: Maybe they are. Excuse me. Good evening. Are you in English 4? Students: Yes, we are. Paulo: What’s the room number? Student 1: 201. On the second floor. Paulo: Thank you. See you there.

142 Exercise I Unit 3 Career / u :/ ______________________________________________________________ / J / ______________________________________________________________ / R: / ______________________________________________________________ / Q / ______________________________________________________________ / B: / _____________________________________________________________ room, student, excuse good, look floor, four onon class, are

143 Exercise II Unit 3 Career II. Listen and repeat. Pay special attention to the minimal pairs: /u:/, /J/, /R:/, /R/ /u:/ /J/ /R:/ /R/ shoedshouldshortshot cooledcouldcorkcock foodfootforksfox poolpulllordlot

144 Exercise III Unit 3 Career III. Listen to the following sentences and circle the word you hear in the parentheses. 1. It’s a nice (wok, walk). 2. Can you see the (fox, forks)? 3. There are three (cocks, corks) over there. 4. How did you like the (collar, caller)? 5. He hadn’t gone far when he bumped into a (car, cow). 6. The Olympic Games began in (4th, 1st) century. 7. It dropped onto the ground and rolled under the (coach, couch). 8. On Saturday there was a big (clown, crowd). 9. The sign on the door said “ (Pool, Pull)”. 10. You’d better stay in the (warm, room) for a day or two.

145 Exercise IV Unit 3 Career IV. Read the following words and pay attention to how the stress pattern influences the part of speech and the meanings of the words. 1. 5 ________ ________________ 5 ________ n.v.insultrecordincreaseimportobject

146 Exercise IV Unit 3 Career 2. 5 ________ ________ 5 ________ 5 ________ a 5 darkrooma 5 dark 5 room a 5 greenhousea 5 green 5 house a 5 blackboarda 5 black 5 board a 5 dancingirla 5 dancing 5 girl a 5 singingbirda 5 singing 5 bird

147 A Exercise V Unit 3 Career V. Intonation practice. 1. Listen and repeat. Would you like ↑ coffee or ↓ tea? Would you like ↑ veal or ↓ beef? Would you like ↑ coffee or ↓ milk or ↓ tea? 2. Listen and mark the tones of the following sentences. Model: “Wh” questions: How did you spend your ↓ holiday? Statement: I went to A↓ merica. Yes/ No question: Was it ex↑ pensive? Statement: ↓ Yes. ↓ Very.

148 A Exercise V Unit 3 Career Exercise : Practice the following dialogue using the tones learnt above. A: Hello, John. I’ve been looking for you. Where have you been? B: I’ve been to the library. I borrowed some books. A: What books did you borrow? B: Lots of books. Novels, magazines and some research papers.

149 Function and Structure Unit 3 Career Exercise I Exercise II Expressing and Responding to Thanks

150 I. Practise the following sentences with your partner, and then complete the dialogues. Exercise I Unit 3 Career Expressing ThanksResponding to Thanks Informal Thanks (a lot). Many thanks. Thank you. Thank you (very much) for your invitation. Much appreciated. It’s nothing. Not at all. My pleasure. No trouble at all. That’s O.K./all right. It’s a pleasure. Don’t mention it. You’re (more than) welcome.

151 Exercise I Unit 3 Career Expressing ThanksResponding to Thanks Formal I’m much obliged to you. I do appreciate your timely help. I can never thank you enough. I’m extremely grateful to you. I should like to express my appreciation/gratitude for your kindness. Delighted I was able to help. I’m glad to be of some service. I’m sure you would have done the same in my position.

152 Exercise I Unit 3 Career 1. Tim: I think it’s about time we got going. _________________________ for a wonderful evening. John: ___________________________. I’m very glad you enjoyed it. 2. Cathy: I ___________________________ what you’ve done for me, Tom. Tom:___________________________. Glad to be of help. 3. Mary: Hi , Susan. I’ve got two tickets for tonight’s rock’n’roll concert. Would you like to come with me? Susan: Wonderful! ___________________________. Mary: ___________________________. I know it’s your favorite. It’s a pleasure can never thank you enough for It’s nothing Much appreciated Don’t mention it Thank you very much

153 Exercise I Unit 3 Career 4. Mr. White: I have to leave a bit early today. My wife calls to say my little daughter isn’t feeling well. Miss Gray: Oh , no! Is it serious? Mr. White: I don’t know. My wife says she has a stomachache , and she’s crying all day. I’ll have to go home now. Miss Gray: Oh , I’m so sorry to hear that. I’ll type all these letters for you. Don’t worry about them. Mr. White: ___________________________. Miss Gray: Forget it. I’m sure ___________________________ _______________________. I’m much obliged to you you would have done the same in my position

154 Exercise II Unit 3 Career II. Make dialogues with your partner according to the given situations. Pay special attention to the expressions used to express and respond to thanks. 1. You are invited for dinner at the Smiths. Thank your host and hostess for an enjoyable evening. 2. You have found a new job. Thank your former colleagues for all their help and kindness to you these years. 3. You are a newly recruited employee and show your gratitude to one of your fellow workers who kindly offer to show you around the workplace. 4. You are the front manager of a supermarket chain. Address your thanks to a customer for his constructive suggestions to better your service.

155 Practical Reading: Business Cards Unit 3 Career Read the business cards below carefully. Then work in pairs. The first round: Student A asks questions and Student B replies according to the three cards. M O P roductions Plc Sandy Vincent Art Director 235 High Street London W6 7DP Tel : 081 743 5892 Fax : 081 743 6351 T EFranco Brunello LExport Sales Manager E C23 via Roma , Torino , Italy OTel : 11 669 4632 NFax : 11 657 2943

156 Unit 3 Career Southern Imperial Hardware Inc. Brian Conroy International Sales Manager 1400 Eddy Avenue P.O. BOX 2308 Rockford, IL61103 Phone: 800-747-4665 Fax: 815-877-7454 Practical Reading

157 Unit 3 Career 1.Suppose the newly-built conference hall needs to be decorated, whom should you get in touch with? Why and how? Which way do you think is more convenient? Practical Reading Sandy Vincent. Because he is an art director. By phone at 081-743-5892 or by fax at 081-743-6351. Phoning is more convenient, for it can reach the very person you want immediately and more directly.

158 Unit 3 Career 2. Suppose a company plans to purchase one PBX (private branch exchange 专用小交换机 ), which firm do you need to contact? What’s the full address of the firm? What’s its fax number? Practical Reading TELECON. 23 via Roma, Torino, Italy. Fax: 11 657 2943.

159 Unit 3 Career 3. If your factory manager asks you to buy some tool boxes, whom should you turn for help? What are his surname and first name? In which department is he working? What particular business is he in charge of? What’s his nationality? Practical Reading Brian Conroy. His surname is Conroy and his first name is Brian. He’s working in the International Sales Department. Hardware. He’s American.

160 Unit 3 Career The second round: Student B asks questions and Student A replies according to another three cards. I. N. F. O. TEC. Michael Martin Chief Information Official 438 Harrison Hall Oxford, Ohio, U.S.A., 45056 Office:(513) 529-6672 Home:(513) 529-2417 Fax:(513) 5296588 Email: IMPEX IMP.& EXP. LTD. SHINICHI SUZUKI SOFTWARE ENGINEER Address:1209, Ebisu-Minami, Shibuy-ku, Tokyo 1500022, Japan Phone: 03-379-14225 Fax: 03-379-10302 Practical Reading

161 Unit 3 Career ELEGANT COSMETICS INC. John Halley Salesman Address: 1754, Woodbine Ave., Toronto, Ont. Canada, M4C 4C9 Tel: (001) 41-633-91275 Fax: (001) 41-633-91274 Email: John Practical Reading

162 Unit 3 Career 4. A boss wants to cut down on cost, for he learns from the annual report sent by the financial department that its company’s IDD charges are too high. He heard that using IP card would save at least 60% charges. So he asks his employees to come up with a good solution. If you work for the company, what will you do? Which of the three men in the cards should you advise him to contact? What’s the position of the man in his work place? What is the number to ring? Practical Reading I’d advise him to contact Michael Martin. Because he works for INFO TEC, which will provide him with useful information. Chief Information Official. Office: (513) 529-6672; Home: (513) 529-2417.

163 Unit 3 Career 5. If the executive manager asks you to renew his company’s out-of-date software, say Windows XP, what will you do? What does the person you need do for a living? Which company does he work for? 6. A department store wants to purchase a large quantity of cosmetics during the Christmas season. Suppose you are in charge of the cosmetics counter, which person will you contact? What’s his job? If he is not at office, how will you reach him? Practical Reading I’ll contact SHINICHI SUZUKI. He is a software engineer. IMPEX IMP. &EXP. LTD. John Halley. Salesman. By sending an E-mail to him.

164 Additional Vocabulary Unit 3 Career Match the following English words about professions with their Chinese equivalents. 1. businessman1. 节目主持人 2. presenter2. 出纳员 3. writer3. 空姐 4. real-estate agent4. 话务员 5. journalist5. 厨师 6. stockbroker6. 股票 ( 或证券 ) 经纪人 7. fashion designer7. 公务员 8. air hostess8. 会计师 9. operator9. 记者 10. chef10. 运动员 1-15 2- 1 3-21 4-13 5- 9 6- 6 7-26 8- 3 9- 4 10- 5

165 Additional Vocabulary Unit 3 Career 11. accountant11. 消防队员 12. artist12. 销售代表 13. engineer13. 房地产经纪人 14. fire fighter14. 美发师 15. taxi-driver15. 商人 16. cashier16. 技术员 17. athlete17. 海员 18. clerk18. 艺术家 19. architect19. 外交家 20. judge20. 导游 11- 8 12-18 13-30 14-11 15-23 16- 2 17-10 18-25 19-29 20-22

166 Additional Vocabulary Unit 3 Career 21. sales representative21. 作家 22. diplomat22. 法官 23. technician23. 出租车司机 24. servant24. 摄影师 25. sailor25. 职员 26. professor26. 时装设计师 27. hairdresser27. 教授 28. musician28. 音乐家 29. photographer29. 建筑师 30. guide30. 工程师 21-12 22-19 23-16 24- 7 25-17 26-27 27-14 28-28 29-24 30-20

167 Business World Unit 3 Career What Does an Employer Do? An employer has several options he can consider when he wants to hire a new employee. First, he may look within his own company. But if none of the present employees are suitable for the position, he will have to look outside the company. If his company has a personnel office, he can ask them to help him find qualified applicants. There are other valuable sources the employer can use, such as employment agencies, consulting firms, placement offices and professional societies. He can also advertise in the classified section of newspapers and magazines and request prospective candidates to send in résumés.

168 Business World Unit 3 Career The employer has two sets of qualifications to consider when he wants to choose from among prospective candidates. He must consider both professional qualifications and personal characteristics. A candidate’s professional qualifications include his education, experience and skills. These can be listed on a résumé. Personal characteristics, or personality traits, must be evaluated through interviews.

169 Humor Time Unit 3 Career These figures are made up of English letters. Find out the letters and you can know the occupation of them. What are their lines (occupations)? 1._______ 2. _______ 3._______ 4._______ CookTeacher Editor Officer



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