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Security for Seniors SeniorNet Help Desk 631.629.5426

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Presentation on theme: "Security for Seniors SeniorNet Help Desk 631.629.5426"— Presentation transcript:

1 Security for Seniors SeniorNet Help Desk 631.629.5426

2 Malware Virus – Needs a host Worm – Does not need a host [Stuxnet – Iran] Trojan Horse – Botnet [collection of computers – Denial of Service] Rootkit [malicious software]

3 A Virus in Action

4 Malware Countermeasures (I) Antivirus programs: – Commercial: Symantec [Norton], McAfee – Free: AVG, Microsoft’s Security Essentials, Windows Defender (with Windows 8) – Antivirus programs sponsored by your ISP Firewalls Service patches and updates

5 Malware Countermeasures (II) Password protection – Setup different accounts for persons using the computer – Administrative permission to make changes Parental controls (settings and software) – Tools  Internet Options  Content  Family Safety Administrative password Each child must have an account

6 Security Checklist Keep Windows up to date Check start-up processes [msconfig] Keep all security programs up to date Back up regularly Surf safely Be wary of attachments Don’t swallow the spam Set up your IM and Facebook accounts properly Keep an eye on the notification bar

7 Installing Microsoft’s Security Essentials Address: – us/security_essentials/default.aspx us/security_essentials/default.aspx Download Location: – Start button\Computer\C :\Users\ (name of computer)\Downloads\ [Note: if you have Windows 8 use Windows Defender, but first remove any third party antivirus program]

8 Using Microsoft’s Antivirus Program to Scan a USB Insert the USB into the Computer Open the Computer folder Right click on the USB Select “Scan with Microsoft’s Security Essentials” from the drop-down menu Click “Custom” Click “Scan now” Check the box next to the name of the USB Click OK

9 Backing up your Libraries Insert a USB into the Computer Right click on the Start button Click “Open Windows Explorer” Right click on any of the Libraries in the window, and select “Send To” from the drop- down menu Select the USB Repeat to back up the other Libraries

10 Backing up your Computer Automatic Backups – You need a external hard drive The System Restore Utility – You should create a manual restore point before adding new hardware or software Creating a System Image – You also should create a system repair disk

11 Internet Dangers and Problems Identity Theft Internet Scams [ dentitytheft/ss/top10inetscams.htm] dentitytheft/ss/top10inetscams.htm – Phishing – Charitable collections – Unexpected attachments Hacking Denial of Service Attacks Spam [junk mail]

12 Phishing

13 Cookies Small text files Placed in the computer by the Web sites you visit The Cookie folder is hidden. Use the following steps to unhide and see the Cookie folder: – Start menu\Control Panel\Folder Options\uncheck the box next to “Hide Protected Operating system files – Click Yes, Apply, and then OK – C:\Users\computer name\ AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Cookies

14 Controlling Cookies Open Internet Explorer Click Tools on the Menu bar Click Internet Options on the drop-down menu Click the Privacy tab Move the dial to the level that you are comfortable with Click Apply, then OK

15 Other Internet Security Measures Go to Tools  Internet Options  to regulate the following: – General tab  Browsing history – Security tab  Security settings for Web sites To reduce tracking: – Tools  Internet Options  Advanced tab – Scroll down to Security – Check box “Always send do not track header”

16 Summary

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