Lead-in: 1.Are you good at English? What do you think is the most difficult part of studying English pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary or something else? 2. Do you think English has always stayed the same? Give some examples.
1. What is the article about? 2. What are the three kinds of English discussed in the article? 3. Is English still changing? Fast-reading English and its history. Old English, Middle English and Modern English. Yes.
Careful reading What were the big events in English history during all these times?
TimeEvents Before the middle of the 5th century People in Britain all spoke a language called Celtic. At the end of the 9th century The Vikings invaded Britain and brought their languages By the 10th century Old English was the official language of England.
In 1066 By the latter half of the 14th century In 1399 English was adopted by all classes in England Henry IV became King of England and used English for all official occasions. Time Events The Normans conquered England and took control of the country.
During the Renaissance in the 16th century Modern English Began. TimeEvents
Read the whole passage again and answer the following questions. 1.Where did the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes come from? 2.Why can similar pairs of words be found in the English language? The European mainland. Because each word or phrase came from a different language. Careful-reading: C 1
3.What was the German plural form replaced by? 4.Which King of England used English for all official occasions? 5.When did Modern English appear? The French way of making plurals. King Henry IV. The Renaissance Read the whole passage again and answer the following questions.
Match the new words. confusing created Consisted of Took control of replaced raised a. was made up of b. kept( an animal) c. took the place of d. had power over e. difficult to understand f. caused something to exist Careful-reading: D 1
Listen to the tape and fill in the blanks with the following words and dates from the passage 1. Before the middle of the _____________, people in Britain did not speak English. 2. The original language spoken in Britain was___________. 3. Three groups of people came to Britain from the ___________. 5th century Celtic European Post-reading: C 2 10 th century French European 5 th century Angles Celtic 1066
4. The _________, the Saxons and the Jutes spoke languages that made up Anglo-Saxon. 5. Normans spoke ___________. 6. The Normans entered England in __________. 7. By the ______________, Old English was the official language of English. Angles 10th century 1066 French 10 th century French European 5 th century Angles Celtic 1066
What are the words for their meat? pork / bacon beef mutton Post-reading: D 2
Fill in the blanks with the words from the box. There are many different ______ of English depending on where people live. When Old English was developing, it ___________ an Anglo-Saxon base _____ with many words from other languages. Before people could write, they used poems to record the history of England. Old English became the ______ language of England in the 10 th century. English __________ has lots of similar words for the same thing and that is because so many different people from other dialects consisted of mixed Post-reading: E consisted of vocabulary servants mother tongue official dialects meat mixed official vocabulary
Fill in the blanks with the words from the box. Countries came to England. Another thing that happened in English is that there are different words for animals and the _______ which comes from them. This is because the English _______ cooked for the French. King Henry IV’s __________ was English and he was the first king to use English after the Normans came to England in 1066. meat servants mother tongue Post-reading: E consisted of vocabulary servants mother tongue official dialects meat mixed
Reading strategy: reading a history article dates, years, e.g. the 5th century …help you understand a sequence of events and how pieces of information relate to the text What should you notice? Why? What can you do when you read a history article? Make a time chart, listing relevant information such as times, places and events…
Discussion: 1.Languages borrow words from each other. List some. e.g. Chinese words from English: English words from Chinese: 2.Do you think it possible for Chinese to be the most widely used language some day? Why or why not?
Assignment 1.Review the words learned today 2.Finish A1 & A2 on P98 3.Find the noun clauses in this text