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Grammar II Countable and non-Countable Nouns
Countable Nouns CCCCountable Nouns CCCCountable nouns are easy to recognize. They are things that we can count. For example: "pen". We can count pens. EEEExamples: ddddog, cat, animal, man, person bbbbottle, box, liter
With countable nouns, we can use indefinite articles such as: A dog is an animal. A dog is an animal. Also, When a countable noun is singular, we must use a word like a/the/my/this with it: I want an orange. (not I want orange.) Where is my bottle? (not Where is bottle?)
We can use some and any with countable nouns : I've got some dollars. Have you got any pens? We can use a few and many with countable nouns: I've got a few dollars. I haven't got many pens.
Non-Countable Nouns A Non-Countable noun is not preceded by a/an/one/two/three, etc. I bought a furniture (incorrect) A non-countable noun does NOT have a plural form. I bought some furniture (incorrect)
Non-count nouns usually refer to a whole group of things that is made up of many individual parts. For example: Furniture (uncountable) Chairs, tables, beds, etc. as countable
More non-countable nouns (A) Liquids: Milk, oil, tea, wine, beer…etc (B) Solids and Semi-Solids: Bread, cheese, soap, iron, cotton…etc. © Gases: Air, smog, pollution, smoke, oxygen…etc.
Natural phenomena (things occurring in nature) Weather, rain, thunder, light …etc. Abstractions: Anger, courage, beauty, honesty…etc.
Nouns that can be count or noncount Glass: -Non-countable: windows are made of glass. -Countable: I drank glass of water. Paper: -Non-countable: I need some paper to write a letter. Countable: I bought a paper
Using units of measure with non- count nouns a carton of wine, milk, orange juice a box of tissues, matches, chocolates bottle of wine, orange juice, lemonade, milk, beer, ketchup a tube of toothpaste, ointment a jar of jam, peanut butter, honey, coffee
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