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CGE Member Michelle Campbell An Overview – Annex I and Non-Annex I Guidelines for the Preparation of National Communications CGE Workshop to exchange views.

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Presentation on theme: "CGE Member Michelle Campbell An Overview – Annex I and Non-Annex I Guidelines for the Preparation of National Communications CGE Workshop to exchange views."— Presentation transcript:

1 CGE Member Michelle Campbell An Overview – Annex I and Non-Annex I Guidelines for the Preparation of National Communications CGE Workshop to exchange views on possible elements to be considered in a future revision of the UNFCCC Guidelines for the preparation of National Communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention St. Mary, Antigua and Barbuda, March 21 2011

2 National Circumstances GHG Inventories Measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change Measures to mitigate climate change Other information Constraints and gaps, and related financial, technical and capacity needs Non-Annex I Guidelines WHAT IS CURRENTLY REQUIRED BY NON-ANNEX I PARTIES

3 Annex I Guidelines REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR NC5 I.Executive Summary II.National Circumstances relevant to GHG emissions and removals III.GHG Inventory information IV.Policies and Measures (PAMs) V.Projections and the total effect of PAMs VI.Vulnerability assessment, impacts and adaptation measures VII.Financial Resources and transfer of technology VIII.Research and Systematic Observation IX.Education, Training and Public Awareness

4 Annex I Guidelines II. NATIONAL CIRCUMSTANCES Required (shall): Description of national circumstances, how they affect GHG emissions and removals, and how changes affect GHGs over time Expected (should): Information on how national circumstances are relevant to factors affecting GHGs, including disaggregated indicators Two general sets of information could be given: Generic information (gov‘t structure, population, geography, climate, economic profiles etc.) Sector specific information with examples of key drivers for emission trends, e.g. Energy, transport, industry, waste, building etc.

5 Annex I Guidelines III. GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY Required: Summary information – over the time period from 1990 to latest available inventory year Complete inventory set is not required, but at minimum, Parties must report the summary tables (incl. CO2eq and emissions trend tables) in the CRF Expected: Descriptive summary and diagrams should also be included Any differences with annual inventory should be explained KP Parties: National systems, National registry, Article 10

6 Annex I Guidelines IV. POLICIES AND MEASURES Required: Information on adopted PAMs and estimates of their effects on GHGs Textual description, and summary tables for PAMs by sector outlining: Name, description, objective, GHG affected, type of instrument, status, implementing entity and estimate of mitigation impact for particular years (not a period), e.g. 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, 2020 Information on how PAMs are modifying longer-term emission and removal trends KP Parties: Legislative arrangements pursuant to KP targets; cooperation with other Parties to achieve targets, steps taken to promote or implement any decisions by ICAO or IMO, how it strives to implement PAMs to minimize adverse effects

7 Annex I Guidelines IV. POLICIES AND MEASURES cont’d Expected or encouraged: Policy making process – description of overall policy context, national targets, strategies for SD, decision making process/bodies, system for monitoring and evaluating PAMs over time (including institutional arrangements) Priority – should be given to PAMs that have the most significant impact on GHGs and removals Status – PAMs in planning stage or adopted can be outlined, but are to be distinguished from those implemented Art.4.2(e)(ii) – identify and update PAMs that encourage activities that lead to greater levels of GHGs than would otherwise occur Individual PAMs – quantitiative estimates of effects Costs – info on costs, non-GHG benefits, and how certain PAMS interact with others

8 Annex I Guidelines V. PROJECTIONS Required: Scenario – with measures – encompassing currently implemented and adopted PAMs; starting point is last year of the inventory; text and diagram To be presented on a sectoral basis (same sectors as PAMs section), and gas-by-gas (CO 2, CH 4, N 2 O, PFCs, HFCs and SF 6 ) Total effect – estimated and expected effect of implemented and adopted PAMs; in terms of GHGs avoided or sequestered by gas in 2005, 2010, 2015, 2020 KP Parties: Information on how use of the KP mechanisms is supplemental to domestic action

9 Annex I Guidelines V. PROJECTIONS cont’d Expected or encouraged: Additional scenarios – with additional measures (includes planned PAMs); without measures (excludes all PAMs implemented, adopted or planned after 1995 (or earlier)) Sensitivity analysis – with a goal to limit the number of scenarios Time horizons – ex-poste (e.g. 1995, 2000, 2005) and ex-ante (2010, 2015, 2020, and if desired up to 2030) Methodology – description of model, key assumptions, sensitivity of projections to key assumptions; for each sector

10 Annex I Guidelines VI. VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT, IMPACTS AND ADAPTATION MEASURES Required: Information on expected impacts of climate change and outline of actions taken Expected or encouraged: Focus reporting on specific results of scientific climate impact research Focus reporting on vulnerability assessments on certain sectors Use IPCC Technical GLs for Assessing CC Impacts and Adaptation Use UNEP Handbook on Methods for CCImpacts Assessment and Adaptation Strategies Provide summary of information in a table

11 Annex I Guidelines VII. FINANCIAL RESOURCES AND TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY Annex II Requirements: Complete tables on financial contributions, including: New and additional resources provided, incl GEF Assistance to particularly vulnerable countries Multilateral funding Bilateral and regional contributions (mitigation and adaptation) Information on technology transfer, distinguishing public and private Activities related to TT in both textual and tabular format: Projects and programmes Relating to access and capacity building Other: Decision 5/CP.7; Decision 1/CP.10; KP implementation of Articles 10 & 11

12 Annex I Guidelines VIII. RESEARCH AND SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATION Required: Information on actions relating to RSO, including domestic and international, and summary information on GCOS (following specified guidelines) Expected or encouraged: General policy on and funding of RSO, and opportunities and barriers for data exchange Information on research, including highlights, innovations and significant efforts on climate process, modelling, impacts, R&D etc. Summary information on current plans, programmes and support for SO

13 Annex I Guidelines IX. EDUCTION, TRAINING AND PUBLIC AWARENESS Required: Information on actions relating to ETP Expected: Details such as public information and education materials, resource or information centres, training programmes, and participation in international activities Others: Decision 11/CP.8 – encouraging Parties to undertake activities re: international cooperation, education, training, PA, public participation etc. KP Articles 10e, f – information on development and implementation of education and training programmes

14 COMPARISION – AI and NAI Guidelines What are the differences and similarities? ElementAINAI National Circumstances -description; generic and sector specific information -overview of how they affect GHGs and how changes affect GHGs over time -description; generic information (geography, population, economy, education etc.) GHG Inventory-summary information of all gases, for latest year available; over a time period -CO2eq and emission trend tables (min) -descriptive summary and diagrams -KP: national systems and registry -estimates for a particular year -using1996 IPCC GLs -gas by gas estimates for CO2, CH4, and N2O (others encouraged); CO2eq and methodologies; tables Mitigation-PAMs (detailed description and estimates of effects by sector and gas; reporting structure, tables) -Projections (scenarios, sectoral, all 6 gases, set timing, assessment of aggregated effect, methodologies, tables) -general description of steps envisaged -mitigation assessment -information on programmes and measures implemented or planned, incl. key sectors

15 COMPARISION – AI and NAI Guidelines The differences and similarities cont’d ElementAINAI Vulnerability, impacts, adaptation -expected impacts and actions -programmes and cooperation; tables -steps to formulate, implement and update adaptation programmes -V&A assessment -approaches, methodologies and tools; key areas; evaluation Financial Resources and transfer of technology -Tables on financial contributions (new and additional, particularly vulnerable, multilateral, bilateral and regional) -Activities re TT; text and tables -information on TT-related activities; -description of constraints and gaps re financial, technical, capacity -financial resources (NC & activities) -list of proposed projects RSO-Domestic and international actions and GCOS -research highlights -status of national programmes and support -information on participation in and contribution to RSO activities -research (mitigation, adaptation) Education, training, public awareness -information on actions -by specified categories -information on activities

16 Comparison of Non-Annex I and Annex I Guidelines Overall Comments There are some common reporting elements for all Parties The main differences relate to: Level of mandatori-ness Level of detail Reporting formats

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