Datas of Hungarian Education Primary languagesHungarian System typeCentral Literacy(2003) Total99.4 Male99.5 Female99.3 Enrollment (2011) Children Teachers Total1,653,562 133,279(female:114,920!) Kindergarten341,198 30,399 Primary747,364 72,481 Secondary565,000 47,852 Post secondary421,000
About the language The official language of instruction is Hungarian, but a number of ethnic and national minorities (e.g. German, Romanian, Sl ovene, Serb) in educational institutions use their own languages as first or second language at primary and secondary level of teaching.
The system Education in Hungary is compulsory from the age of 6 to 16. Attending kindergarten is compulsory only from the age of 5: during the last year at kindergarten, children are prepared for school. Children start primary school when they reach school- maturity, usually in the year in which they have their 6th birthday (7th if they were born after May 31).
A kindergarten School-based programme for children aged 3–7. Includes basic skills development, pre- reading, drawing, singing, and school preparation.
Basic education: primary school Generally Basic education in Hungary is provided by the general (primary) school, during two cycles of 4 years. Children attend general (primary) school up to the age of 16, after which they have to choose another school. Most of teachers are women
General school primary level, Grades 1-4. Subjects: Maths Hungarian Literature, Grammar Science Music P.E. I.C.T Art Craft Foreign Language
Compulsory number of lessons in a school year Grades 1-4 SubjectClass 1Class 2Class 3Class 4 Hungarian296 277,5259 Maths148 129,5111 I.C.T.18,5 Science37 18,5 Foreign language 111 Music37 55,5 Art55,5 Craft37 P.E.111 Free18,5 -- Altogether740 832
General school primary level, Grades 5-8. Subjects Literature, Grammar Maths Music Art Physical education, Biology (from 7th grade) Geography (from 7th grade) History (from 5th grade) Physics (from 7th grade) Chemistry (from 7th grade) Foreign language: English, German, French-before 1990 Russian was compulsory ICT
Compulsory number of lessons in a school year Grades 5-8 SubjectClass 5Class 6Class 7Class 8 Hungarian148 Maths148111 I.C.T.18,5 History55 74 Science37 Chem.:55 Geo.:55 Biol.:55 Physics:55 Geogr.:55 Biol.:55 Physics:55 Foreign language 111 Music37 Art/Craft37/37 P.E.111 Altogether832 925
Changes There will be many changes in the new law on educational system in Hungary, we are waiting for it. e.g. P.E. every day-this year in grades 1 and 5 From January the government will conduct the shools in every respect: e.g. who what will teach, the person of headmaster-until now it was the right of the local authorities.
After Primary School Secondary education usually lasts for 4 years. In gimnáziums it can also last for 5, 6 or 8 years depending on how many years the student spent in primary school. After the 8th grade of primary school the student goes to 9th grade, which is actually the 1st year of secondary school.
Secondary schools 1. grammal school or non- vocational; prepares students for higher education; teaches at least 2 foreign languages 2. technical or vocational school you can get a job here and it also prepares for higher education 3. vocational school for the weaker stundents- it gives only a job After finishing secondary school, students take a school- leaving final exam. This consists of exams on five subjects: written exam in mathematics, oral and written exams in literature and grammar, a foreign language, history, and written and/or oral exam in a subject of the student's choice. These exams also serve as an entry exam to universities and colleges.
Higher Education Higher education is divided betweencolleges and universities. College education generally lasts for 5 years, while university education lasts for 5 to 6 or more years depending on the course undertaken. University PhD courses usually take 3 years to complete.