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The Liberal Era Ramadan al-Suwayhili, together with Sulayman al- Baruni and other tribal chiefs, created the Tripolitanian Republic in 1918. Sayyid Idris.

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Presentation on theme: "The Liberal Era Ramadan al-Suwayhili, together with Sulayman al- Baruni and other tribal chiefs, created the Tripolitanian Republic in 1918. Sayyid Idris."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Liberal Era Ramadan al-Suwayhili, together with Sulayman al- Baruni and other tribal chiefs, created the Tripolitanian Republic in Sayyid Idris al-Sanusi signed a peace treaty with the Italians (the Akrama Agreement, April 1917). Italy passed the Legge fondamentale (June and October 1919). Each province was to have its own Parliament and governing councils. Libyans were promised the right to a special Libyan- Italian citizenship, were exempted from military conscription, and could only be taxed by the locally elected Parliament. In October 1920, the Accord of al-Rajma recognised Idris as- Sanusi as Amir of Cyrenaica.

2 Italo Balbo ( ) Libya: Italys Fourth Shore (1934) Italian citizenship was granted to natives Enlargement and Modernisation of Tripoli The Via Balbia State-directed peasant colonisation 1938: 20,000 (Ventimila) 1939: 10,000

3 Italo Balbo presents the certificate of citizenship to natives, Tripoli The official ceremony in Piazza Castello, Tripoli 1939.

4 Il palazzo dellINFPS, Tripoli. Corso Sicilia, Tripoli. Palazzo del governatore, Tripoli.Hotel Casino Uaddan, Tripoli.

5 Visitors plan of the city of Tunisi (undated, 1920?)

6 La Fayette quarter, Tunis Art Deco building, Tunis

7 La Fayette quarter, Tunis. Caryatides Place de la République, Tunis

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9 The Via Balbia or Via Balbo, a coastal highway running from Tunisia to Egypt

10 In the middle of Via Balbia, the border of Tripolitania and Cyrenaica was marked by a Marble Arch, named Arch of Fileni. It was created by the Italian architect Florestano Di Fausto. The Arch of Fileni was demolished in 1970 by the revolutionary regime of Muammar Gaddafi. The Via Balbia at the Marble Arch

11 The municipal building The main square The Casa LittoriaThe Catholic church Italian rural villages in Libya

12 A farmhouse of the Ente per la colonizzazione della Libia (ECL) View of a plot of land with farmhouse

13 Disembarkation of the Ventimila in Tripoli, 1938.

14 Balbo greets settlers who are leaving for the village Crispi, Military trucks are used for the displacement.

15 Italo Balbo with Italian peasant women The village Giovanni Berta, 1937.

16 The visit of Mussolini to Libya, 1937Mussolini brandishes the sword of Islam


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