Presentation on theme: "The Liberal Era Ramadan al-Suwayhili, together with Sulayman al-Baruni and other tribal chiefs, created the Tripolitanian Republic in 1918. Sayyid Idris."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Liberal EraRamadan al-Suwayhili, together with Sulayman al-Baruni and other tribal chiefs, created the Tripolitanian Republic in 1918.Sayyid Idris al-Sanusi signed a peace treaty with the Italians (the Akrama Agreement, April 1917).Italy passed the Legge fondamentale (June and October 1919). Each province was to have its own Parliament and governing councils. Libyans were promised the right to a special Libyan-Italian citizenship, were exempted from military conscription, and could only be taxed by the locally elected Parliament.In October 1920, the Accord of al-Rajma recognised Idris as-Sanusi as Amir of Cyrenaica.
2 Italo Balbo (1934-1940) Libya: Italy’s Fourth Shore (1934) Italian citizenship was granted to nativesEnlargement and Modernisation of TripoliThe Via BalbiaState-directed peasant colonisation1938: 20,000 (Ventimila)1939: 10,000
3 The official ceremony in Piazza Castello, Tripoli 1939. Italo Balbo presents the certificate of citizenship to natives, Tripoli 1939.
4 Il palazzo dell’INFPS, Tripoli. Corso Sicilia, Tripoli.Palazzo del governatore, Tripoli.Hotel Casino Uaddan, Tripoli.
5 Visitors’ plan of the city of Tunisi (undated, 1920?)
6 Art Deco building, Tunis La Fayette quarter, Tunis
7 Place de la République, Tunis La Fayette quarter, Tunis. Caryatides
9 The Via Balbia or Via Balbo, a coastal highway running from Tunisia to Egypt
10 The Via Balbia at the Marble Arch In the middle of Via Balbia, the border of Tripolitania and Cyrenaica was marked by a Marble Arch, named Arch of Fileni. It was created by the Italian architect Florestano Di Fausto. The “Arch of Fileni” was demolished in 1970 by the revolutionary regime of Muammar Gaddafi.
11 The municipal building Italian rural villages in LibyaThe Casa LittoriaThe Catholic churchThe municipal buildingThe main square
12 A farmhouse of the Ente per la colonizzazione della Libia (ECL) View of a plot of land with farmhouseA farmhouse of the Ente per la colonizzazione della Libia (ECL)
13 Disembarkation of the Ventimila in Tripoli, 1938.
14 Balbo greets settlers who are leaving for the village Crispi, 1938. Military trucks are used for the displacement.
15 Italo Balbo with Italian peasant women The village Giovanni Berta, 1937.Italo Balbo with Italian peasant women
16 The visit of Mussolini to Libya, 1937 Mussolini brandishes the ‘sword of Islam’