Presentation on theme: "An Assets Approach To The Role Of Family, School & Community"— Presentation transcript:
1 An Assets Approach To The Role Of Family, School & Community Young People's Multiple Risk BehaviourAn Assets Approach To The Role Of Family, School & CommunityProfessor Fiona Brooks, Jo Magnusson, Neil Spencer, Antony MorganCRIPACCUniversity of Hertfordshire
2 What is HBSC?Unique international study that gathers data from young people about their health and wellbeingPurpose to increase knowledge and understanding of adolescent health in relation to their social and developmental contextHBSC surveys conducted every 4 years in member countriesStandard international questionnaire & survey methodplus optional question packagesData collected on 11,13 and 15 year olds in 43 member countries across Europe and North America.
3 Health Related Behaviours MeasuresMeasures in HBSCHealth Related BehavioursHealth andWell-beingIncludes measures on physical, emotional and social health and well-beingMeasures comprehensive range of behaviours both risk and promote healthPlaces health and behaviour of young people in social and developmental contextFamily LifeSchoolPeers and Community4
4 PremiseAdolescence perceived as period of ‘risk taking’ – BUT Risk behaviours often looked at in isolationCertain amount of risk taking among young people is ‘normal’Frequent involvement in multiple risk behaviours may be problematicNeed to understand what assets operate to protect against young people getting involved in multiple risk behaviours
5 40 Development Assets (Scales, 2001) Commitment to learning (achievement motivation)Positive values (caring and responsible to others)Social competencies (cultural competence, peaceful conflict resolutionPositive identity (self esteemBUT…. REPRESENT A STARTING POINT….Support (family relationships, caring school and neighbourhood)Empowerment (community values youth, young people seen as resources)Constructive use of time (participation in clubs and associations)
6 Modelling Assets Using HBSC Are some assets (protective factors) more important than others? - keystoneWhat are the cumulative effects of multiple assets on young people's mental and physical well being?What are the processes that lead to assets having an impact ?How do different social and cultural contexts impact on the benefits of these assets?UK contextAre some assets more important for different groups?
8 Assets Modelling Assets Four categories of assets were investigated: sense of belonging (associated with family (FSB), school (SSB) and neighbourhood (NSB))autonomy (personal autonomy in relation to family (PAF), and peers (PAP), and student autonomy in relation to school (SAS)social networking (associated with neighbourhood (NSN))social support (associated with family communication with father (FCF), family communication with mother (FCM), teachers (TSS) and peers (PSS))
9 Questions used to assess risk The scores wereadded together; a total score of 0 was taken to indicate norisk (31.9% of cases), a total score between 1 and 5 inclusivewas taken to indicate some risk (50.2% of cases) and totalscores of 6 and above were taken to indicate high risk(17.8% of cases).
10 Risk Behaviour Index1087 students provided information on all the risk behaviour variables32% no risk category50% moderate or some risk (1-5)18 % high risk (score 6-10)
11 Effects retained in the model Personal autonomy in relation to familyLower personal autonomy associated with lower riskSchool sense of belonging.High school sense of belonging associated with lower riskNeighbourhood sense of belongingMedium or high neighbourhood sense of belonging associated with lower risk
12 Interaction effectsSchool Social Support (via teachers) (TSS), and GenderGirls had lower risk than boys when TSS was highSchool Social Support (via teachers) (TSS), and Family Sense of belonging (FSB),High levels of TSS was associated with less risk than medium TSS, but low levels of TSS was associated with greater risk only when FSB was also low.
13 Family Findings Illustrate How parental regulation of adolescent autonomy and negotiation over leisure operates as a protective mechanism against multiple and high frequency risk behaviours.family affluence not retained in the model adds weight to the need to understand health related risk taking in adolescence as determined by a broad range of contextual factors.
14 SchoolFindings indicate the importance of adults other than parents, as protective assets for the health and wellbeing of young people, especially in relation to the significance of having a personal connection to a teacher when parental connectivity may be low.
15 Communityconsidered how informal aspects of the local environment have significance for young people.Illustrates significance of growing up in a community with strong cohesion in which adolescents feel a positive sense of belonging.Young people’s feelings of safety in the out of home setting, having a place in their community and perceiving the wider adult community as supportive, - important protective functionIncreased independence is a normative developmental task of adolescence is likely to be a time when young people are experiencing public spaces without parental supervision
16 Multiple substance use among 15 year olds Protective Factors/Assets – most vulnerable1. Parental participation in how spend free time2. Teacher Connectedness3. Feeling safe in community and having friendly neighbourhood
17 Main FindingsCore domains of social capital operate as protective assetsin terms of frequency and clustering of high risk behaviours.Levels of autonomy within the family and teacher support were important predictors of adolescent health related behaviours.A positive sense of community cohesion and belonging is a significant protective assetLow teacher connectedness becomes a significant risk factor when family control over autonomy was also low.No relationship was found between involvement in multiple substance use over the last 30 days and family affluence (FAS).The findings highlight the significance for young people of having access to some form of adult support for the prevention of multiple risk behaviours.
18 Key issuesHighlights key aspects of physical health and family, school and community life that may be most significant in terms of contributing to protecting against multiple risk behavioursFeeling safe and comfortable in community environmentsParental Monitoringmore important than family activities and communication for this aspect of adolescent well-being NOT othersProtective aspects of teacher connectednessPeers less important as a protective asset than might be anticipated
19 Thank-youPaper: Brooks, F., Magnusson, J., Spencer, N. & Morgan, A. (2012) Adolescent Multiple Risk Behaviour: An Assets Approach To The Role Of Family, School And Community Journal Of Public Health,