Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Young People's Multiple Risk Behaviour An Assets Approach To The Role Of Family, School & Community Professor Fiona Brooks, Jo Magnusson, Neil Spencer,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Young People's Multiple Risk Behaviour An Assets Approach To The Role Of Family, School & Community Professor Fiona Brooks, Jo Magnusson, Neil Spencer,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Young People's Multiple Risk Behaviour An Assets Approach To The Role Of Family, School & Community Professor Fiona Brooks, Jo Magnusson, Neil Spencer, Antony Morgan CRIPACC University of Hertfordshire

2 What is HBSC? Unique international study that gathers data from young people about their health and wellbeing Purpose to increase knowledge and understanding of adolescent health in relation to their social and developmental context HBSC surveys conducted every 4 years in member countries Standard international questionnaire & survey method plus optional question packages Data collected on 11,13 and 15 year olds in 43 member countries across Europe and North America.

3 Measures Measures in HBSC Includes measures on physical, emotional and social health and well- being Measures comprehensive range of behaviours both risk and promote health Places health and behaviour of young people in social and developmental context Health Related Behaviours Health and Well-being Family Life School Peers and Community

4 Premise Adolescence perceived as period of risk taking – BUT Risk behaviours often looked at in isolation Certain amount of risk taking among young people is normal Frequent involvement in multiple risk behaviours may be problematic Need to understand what assets operate to protect against young people getting involved in multiple risk behaviours

5 Support (family relationships, caring school and neighbourhood) Empowerment (community values youth, young people seen as resources) Constructive use of time (participation in clubs and associations) Commitment to learning (achievement motivation) Positive values (caring and responsible to others) Social competencies (cultural competence, peaceful conflict resolution Positive identity (self esteem BUT…. REPRESENT A STARTING POINT…. 40 Development Assets (Scales, 2001)

6 Are some assets (protective factors) more important than others? - keystone What are the cumulative effects of multiple assets on young people's mental and physical well being? What are the processes that lead to assets having an impact ? How do different social and cultural contexts impact on the benefits of these assets? –UK context Are some assets more important for different groups? Modelling Assets Using HBSC

7 Multiple substance use among 15 year olds

8 Assets Four categories of assets were investigated: 1.sense of belonging (associated with family (FSB), school (SSB) and neighbourhood (NSB)) 2.autonomy (personal autonomy in relation to family (PAF), and peers (PAP), and student autonomy in relation to school (SAS) 3.social networking (associated with neighbourhood (NSN)) 4.social support (associated with family communication with father (FCF), family communication with mother (FCM), teachers (TSS) and peers (PSS)) Assets Modelling

9 Questions used to assess risk

10 1087 students provided information on all the risk behaviour variables 32% no risk category 50% moderate or some risk (1-5) 18 % high risk (score 6-10) Risk Behaviour Index

11 Personal autonomy in relation to family –Lower personal autonomy associated with lower risk School sense of belonging. –High school sense of belonging associated with lower risk Neighbourhood sense of belonging –Medium or high neighbourhood sense of belonging associated with lower risk Effects retained in the model

12 School Social Support (via teachers) (TSS), and Gender –Girls had lower risk than boys when TSS was high School Social Support (via teachers) (TSS), and Family Sense of belonging (FSB), –High levels of TSS was associated with less risk than medium TSS, but low levels of TSS was associated with greater risk only when FSB was also low. Interaction effects

13 How parental regulation of adolescent autonomy and negotiation over leisure operates as a protective mechanism against multiple and high frequency risk behaviours. family affluence not retained in the model adds weight to the need to understand health related risk taking in adolescence as determined by a broad range of contextual factors. Family Findings Illustrate

14 Findings indicate the importance of adults other than parents, as protective assets for the health and wellbeing of young people, especially in relation to the significance of having a personal connection to a teacher when parental connectivity may be low. School

15 considered how informal aspects of the local environment have significance for young people. Illustrates significance of growing up in a community with strong cohesion in which adolescents feel a positive sense of belonging. Young peoples feelings of safety in the out of home setting, having a place in their community and perceiving the wider adult community as supportive, - important protective function Community

16 Multiple substance use among 15 year olds Protective Factors/Assets – most vulnerable 1. Parental participation in how spend free time 2. Teacher Connectedness 3. Feeling safe in community and having friendly neighbourhood

17 Core domains of social capital operate as protective assets –in terms of frequency and clustering of high risk behaviours. Levels of autonomy within the family and teacher support were important predictors of adolescent health related behaviours. A positive sense of community cohesion and belonging is a significant protective asset Low teacher connectedness becomes a significant risk factor when family control over autonomy was also low. No relationship was found between involvement in multiple substance use over the last 30 days and family affluence (FAS). Main Findings

18 Key issues Highlights key aspects of physical health and family, school and community life that may be most significant in terms of contributing to protecting against multiple risk behaviours Feeling safe and comfortable in community environments Parental Monitoring more important than family activities and communication for this aspect of adolescent well-being NOT others Protective aspects of teacher connectedness Peers less important as a protective asset than might be anticipated

19 Thank-you Paper: Brooks, F., Magnusson, J., Spencer, N. & Morgan, A. (2012) Adolescent Multiple Risk Behaviour: An Assets Approach To The Role Of Family, School And Community Journal Of Public Health,

20 Effects retained in the model

21 Assets Patterns Across the Risk Index


Download ppt "Young People's Multiple Risk Behaviour An Assets Approach To The Role Of Family, School & Community Professor Fiona Brooks, Jo Magnusson, Neil Spencer,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google