Presentation on theme: " British and Americans concentrated on two main goals: (1) Overcoming the menace of German Submarines in the Atlantic, and (2) beginning bombing raids."— Presentation transcript:
British and Americans concentrated on two main goals: (1) Overcoming the menace of German Submarines in the Atlantic, and (2) beginning bombing raids on German Cities. Battle of the Atlantic- protracted naval war to control the shipping lanes. Operation Torch Nov. 1942- North African Campaign to force Germany out, led by Eisenhower and Montgomery. It was successful in May of 1943. Germany held northern Italy until final surrender in May of 1945.
D-Day June 6 th, 1944- British, Canadian, and US forces under Eisenhower secured several beachheads on Normandy coast. It was successful. After D-Day, the Ally defensive moved rapidly. As a result, Paris was liberated by the end of August. By September, the German border was crossed, which caused the Battle of Bulge where Germans counteracted. German Surrender- Hitler committed suicide in April of 1945, Nazis surrender a week later.
Two Naval Battles were the turning points for halting Japan: On May 7 th and 8 th of 1942, the Battle of the Coral Sea, US aircraft carriers stopped Japanese invasion of Australia. June 4 th through 7 th, 1942, US decoded Japanese messages in the Battle of Midway, enabling the destruction of four Japanese carriers and 300 planes. Island Hopping- Naval Commanders bypass strongly held Japanese Islands and isolated them with Naval and air power; allowed allied forces to move rapidly toward Japan.
US Reoccupation of the Philippines = largest Naval Battle in history. Battle of Leyte Gulf, Oct. 1944- Japanese Navy is virtually destroyed. Japanese used Kamikaze Pilots to make suicide attacks on US ships; inflicted major damage at the Battle of Okinawa. The US developed the atomic bomb and dropped it on August 6 on Hiroshima and on August 9 on Nagasaki. A week after the second atomic bomb, Japan surrendered. (Formal surrender on September 2, 1945 in Tokyo harbor aboard the battleship Missouri.