Presentation on theme: "Periods of Classical Music"— Presentation transcript:
1 Periods of Classical Music Classical Music is art music rooted in the traditions of Western Music.Medieval and Renaissance
2 Time: Approximately 500 – 1450 A.D The Medieval PeriodTime: Approximately 500 – 1450 A.D
3 The Medieval PeriodMost of the music at this time was sacred music (church music); this music was called plainsong or chant and represented the earliest known music of the Christian church.Plainsong is monophonic, which means that is consisted of a single vocal part.Around 1011 AD the Roman Catholic Church wanted to standardize the Mass and chant, the resulting music is what is called Gregorian Chant.Most composers are not known.
4 Troubadours and Minstrels During the High Middle Ages (late Medieval period) the troubadour came into existence. A troubadour is a composer and performer of poetry who made a living as an entertainer, hired by wealthy nobles.Most were not simply wandering entertainers, though some did travel extensively from one court to another.A troubadour is similar to a minstrel, but minstrels generally told stories of distant places and events and did not always create their own poetry.Most troubadours and minstrels also played instruments or sang their stories.
5 InstrumentsMany of the instruments we use today existed in the Medieval Era, but in a different form. At that time the flute was made of wood instead of metal.Early versions of the organ, fiddle, and trombone (called the sackbut) existed.Other instruments used include: The Pan Flute, Recorder, Lute, Psaltery, Zither, Hurdy-gurdy and hammered dulcimer. Jaw Harp/Jew’s Harp.Bowed psaltery is not a true psaltry, came into use in 1900s.
8 Music NotationMusic in the early part of the Medieval period was generally passed on orally. Eventually music began to be notated, though without a staff, and this is where our modern music notation originated.
11 The RenaissanceThe Renaissance time period was a period of intellectual rebirth, when the arts flourished, and ideas and intellectual pursuits were highly valued.Music was still dominated by the church but with more sophisticated melodies and harmonies; different styles begin to emerge.Polyphony, having more than one note (having harmony) came into common usage.The development of printing made distribution of music possible on a wide scale, and demand for music as entertainment and as an activity for educated amateurs increased.
12 Renaissance Instruments Brass: Slide trumpet, cornetto (like recorder but blown like brass, largest was called serpent), trumpet, sackbut (early trombone).String: viol, lyre, Irish harp, hurdy-gurdy, harpsichord.Percussion: jaw harp and tambourine.Woodwind: shawm, reed pipe, bag pipe, transverse flute, recorder, panpipe.
14 Notable Composers William Byrd (c. 1540–1623) Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, c. 1525–1594Giovanni Gabrieli(c. 1554/1557 – 1612).Claudio Monteverdi, 1567–1643
15 Need to KnowApproximate time periods for Medieval ( ) and Renaissance ( )Sacred vs. Secular – religious music vs. non-religious musicSome instruments for extra creditWhat a Troubadour isWhat polyphony and monophony mean (more than 1 part, one part)What period printing began (Renaissance)