2 Standard Key Concept 1.3 Early Societies SSWH2c-Describe the development of Chinese civilization under the Zhou and Qin.
3 ANCIENT CHINAGreat WallMandate of HeavenDynastiesSilkastronomy
4 Geography Early Chinese will settle near the Yellow and Yangzi Rivers Eastern China can be split:NorthernSouthernYellow River ValleyDry, cold climateLoess soilSuitable for growing milletYangzi ValleyPlentiful rainfall, relatively warmRainy, suitable for cultivating rice
6 Yellow River Civilization Earliest Civilization forms around the Yellow River (Huang He)Also known as river of sorrow
7 The first known dynasty of China was the Shang dynasty. This dynasty united thepeople living around the Huang He andYangtze river valleys.
8 Shang Period (1750-1045BCE) Develop China’s first writing system Belief in Supreme God, that could only be reached through ancestorsThe Shang elite was a warrior aristocracyUsed bronze weapons and rode on horse-drawn chariots
9 Oracle Bones from Shang Two important aspects of Chinese society& religion: ancestor worship +fortune-telling
11 Zhou DynastyZhou rulers claimed the divine right to rule or the Mandate of Heaven.Beginnings of FeudalismDesign capital city to follow feng shuiGovernment: a new class of educated men became bureaucrats and recorded data and offered advice to the rulers
12 Zhou Dynasty Innovations: -built roads and canals -coined money / helped trade-furnaces produced cast iron-advancements in agriculture
13 Zhou DynastyDevelopment of the concept of private property, including privately owned land.Saw the development of the three-generational familyWomen were subordinate to men in this patriarchal society.
14 Qin DynastyRuler a Legalist (uses punishment to maintain order) ideas to subdue the warring states and unify his country.He established an autocracy (government with unlimited power).
15 Great Wall of ChinaBuilt by Shi Huangdi to keep the Mongols out
16 Economic: Chinese invented silk Silk was exotic and expensive, so it was good for trading with the rest of the world.It is made from silk worms.Silk also makes “paper”16
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