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Brasile e il Sudamerica: Politica, economia e società Andrés Malamud Istituto di Scienze Sociali, Università di Lisbona Seminario: Lindustria del lusso.

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Presentation on theme: "Brasile e il Sudamerica: Politica, economia e società Andrés Malamud Istituto di Scienze Sociali, Università di Lisbona Seminario: Lindustria del lusso."— Presentation transcript:

1 Brasile e il Sudamerica: Politica, economia e società Andrés Malamud Istituto di Scienze Sociali, Università di Lisbona Seminario: Lindustria del lusso in Brasile Ancona, 24 settembre 2009

2 Caratteristiche fondamentali del Brasile e il sottocontinente sudamericano Scala (territorio, popolazione, distanze) Tendenze (stabilità politica e crescita economica) Opportunità (sviluppo sicuro e piattaforma mondiale)

3 I BRIC: Brasile, Rusia, India e Cina Categories BRAZIL Russia India China Area5th1st7th3rd/4th (disp) Population5th9th2nd1st GDP (nominal)10th8th12th3rd Exports21st11th23rd2nd Imports27th17th16th3rd Received FDI16th12th29th5th Foreign exchange reserves7th3rd4th1st Number of mobile phones5th4th2nd1st Number of internet users5th11th4th1st

4 Brasile e i suoi vicini: prospettive comparate

5 Brasile: sistema politico frammentato… ma stabile (2006)

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7 Unione Europea: evoluzione delle economie

8 America Latina: evoluzione delle economie America Latina: evoluzione delle economie

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10 Caratteristiche regionali 1.- Mexico and Central America Growing share of manufactured exports 2.- South America Prevalence of resource-based goodies (agriculture and/or mining) 3.- Caribbean countries Specialization based on services (tourism and finance)

11 MERCOSUR: Evoluzione del commercio regionale Base de datos CEPAL Millones de dólares y porcentajes INICIO

12 Commercio regionale ragruppato secondo le diverse strutture dintegrazione Fuente: CEPAL, División de Comercio Internacional e Integración, sobre la base de información oficial Il coefficiente del commercio intrarregionale in UNASUR è del 18.7%

13 MERCOSUR: misure comparate EU states, ordered by population 1.Germany 2.France 3.United Kingdom 4.Italy 5.Spain 6.Poland 7.Romania 8.The Netherlands 9.Greece 10.Portugal 11.Belgium 12.Czech Rep. 13.Hungary 14.Sweden 15.Austria 16.Bulgaria 17.Denmark 18.Slovakia 19.Finland 20.Ireland 21.Lithuania 22.Latvia 23.Slovenia 24.Estonia 25.Cyprus 26.Luxembourg 27.Malta Random sample (millions) Germany (82) The Netherlands (16) Latvia (2.2) Estonia (1.3) Equivalent population (millions) Brazil (189) Argentina (39) [Venezuela (27)] Paraguay (6) Uruguay (3) GDP PC ranking ($) Argentina (15,390) Uruguay (11,150) Brazil (8,800) [Venezuela (7,440)] Paraguay (5,070)

14 MERCOSUR: Leadership regionali e performance a confronto Dimension EUROPEAN UNIONMERCOSUR Funds to deal with regional asymmetries CAP and Structural Funds: 86,000 M in 2006 FOCEM: $ 100 M in 2008 Net contribution to regional budget Germany: 8,000 M in 2005 (0.39% of GNI) Brazil: $ 60 M in 2008 (0.007% of GNI) Judicial institutionalizationCourt rulings: 526 in 2004 (33 in 1968; 77 in 1969) Dispute settlement rulings: 13 between 1991 and 2008 Parliamentary institutionalization Malta 5 MEPs; Germany 99 MEPs. Increasing competences Brazil 18 MMPs; Uruguay 18 MMPs. No competences Legal transpositionSupremacy of community law and direct effect 33% were not in force in 2006 EnlargementFrom 6 to 27From 4 to… 4? (plus conflicts)

15 Brasile: il paese del futuro?


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