2 Nature of Energy Energy is all around you! You can hear energy as sound.You can see energy as light.And you can feel it as wind.
3 Nature of Energy You use energy when you: hit a softball. lift your book bag.compress a spring.
4 Nature of Energy Energy is involved when: a bird flies. a bomb explodes.rain falls from the sky.electricity flows in a wire.
5 Nature of EnergyWhat is energy that it can be involved in so many different activities?Energy can be defined as the ability to do work.If an object or organism does work (exerts a force over a distance to move an object) the object or organism uses energy.
6 Nature of EnergyBecause of the direct connection between energy and work, energy is measured in the same unit as work: joules (J).In addition to using energy to do work, objects gain energy because work is being done on them.
7 Forms of Energy Heat Chemical Electromagnetic Nuclear Mechanical The seven main forms of energy are:HeatChemicalElectromagneticNuclearMechanicalElectricalSound
8 Sound EnergyThe energy that creates a vibration or disturbance of matter.
9 Heat (Thermal) EnergyThe internal motion of the atoms is called heat energy, because moving particles produce heat.Heat energy can be produced by friction.Heat energy causes changes in temperature and phase of any form of matter.
10 Chemical Energy Chemical Energy is required to bond atoms together. And when bonds are broken, energy is released.
11 Chemical EnergyFuel and food are forms of stored chemical energy.
12 Electrical EnergyPower lines carry electrical energy into your home in the form of electricity.
13 Electromagnetic (Radiant) Energy Light is a form of electromagnetic energy.Each color of light (Roy G Biv) represents a different amount of electromagnetic energy.Electromagnetic Energy is also carried by X-rays, radio waves, and laser light.
14 Nuclear EnergyThe nucleus of an atom is the source of nuclear energy.
15 Nuclear EnergyWhen the nucleus splits (fission), nuclear energy is released in the form of heat energy and light energy.Nuclear energy is also released when nuclei collide at high speeds and join (fuse).
16 Nuclear Energy Nuclear energy is the most concentrated form of energy. The closest nuclear power plant to us is Plant Farley outside of Dothan, Alabama.
19 Mechanical EnergyWhen work is done to an object, it acquires energy. The energy it acquires is known as mechanical energy.
20 Group Activity:You are building a village, and you have several tasks ahead of you!You group task is to decide what kind of power supply your village will have to use.You must research all types of power facilities and decide which on will be best for your village.Your choices: coal-fired, natural gas, nuclear, hydrological, combined turbine
21 ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS Energy is constantly _________________ from one form to another.The sum of the _______________________ and __________________energy is called the ____________________________ energy (ME).1. ME= __________ + ____________II. ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONSEnergy is constantly changing from one form to another.The sum of the potential and kinetic energy is called the mechanical energy.1. ME= __________ + ____________
22 Energy ConversionEnergy can be changed from one form to another. Changes in the form of energy are called energy conversions.
23 Energy conversionsAll forms of energy can be converted into other forms.The sun’s energy through solar cells can be converted directly into electricity.Green plants convert the sun’s energy (electromagnetic) into starches and sugars (chemical energy).
28 Kinetic EnergyThe faster an object moves, the more kinetic energy it has. (velocity)The greater the mass of a moving object, the more kinetic energy it has.K.E. = 1/2mv2What has a greater affect of kinetic energy, mass or velocity? Why?
29 Potential Energy Potential Energy is stored energy. Stored because of the work done on it:Stretching a rubber band.Winding a watch.Pulling back on a bow’s arrow.Lifting a brick high in the air.
30 The formula for potential energy is Energy stored in an object due to its position is potential energy (PE).The higher the object off the ground the greater the position and the larger the potential energy.The formula for potential energy isPE=mgh.g=9.8 m/s2 on Earth2. Energy stored in an object due to its position is potential energy.The higher the object off the ground greater the position and the larger the potential energy.The formula for potential energy is PE=mgh.
31 Gravitational Potential Energy Potential energy that is dependent on height is called gravitational potential energy.
32 Potential EnergyEnergy that is stored due to being stretched or compressed is called elastic potential energy.
33 Energy ProblemsExample 1: What is the Kinetic Energy of a 1000 kg car moving at 30 m/s?
34 Energy ProblemsExample 2: What is the mass of a car moving of 10 m/s if its kinetic energy is 40,000 J?
35 Energy ProblemsExample 3 : How fast is a 45 kg girl running if her kinetic energy is 51 J?
36 Energy ProblemsExample 4: A 0.06 kg tennis ball is 2.9 m above the ground. How much potential energy does the ball have?
37 Energy ProblemsExample 5: How high would a 55 kg boy need to be to have 700 J of potential energy?
38 The Law of Conservation of Energy Energy can be neither created nor destroyed by ordinary means.It can only be converted from one form to another.If energy seems to disappear, then scientists look for it – leading to many important discoveries.
40 Kinetic vs. Potential Energy At the point of maximum potential energy, the car has minimum kinetic energy.
41 Vocabulary Words energy mechanical energy thermal energy solar energy chemical energyelectromagnetic energynuclear energykinetic energypotential energygravitational potential energyenergy conversionLaw of Conservation of Energy