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Published byBelinda Jackson Modified over 8 years ago

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Integer Exponents 8.EE.1

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Objective - To solve problems involving integer exponents.

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Exponential Form

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Exponential vs. Expanded Form Expanded Form: 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 ∙ 7 Exponential Form: 7 13

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Try these Expanded Form: (–3) ∙ (–3) ∙ (–3) ∙ (–3) ∙ (–3) ∙ (–3) ∙ (–3) Exponential Form: (–3) 7 Expanded Form: (⅔) ∙ (⅔) ∙ (⅔) ∙ (⅔) Exponential Form: (⅔) 4

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NOTE a = a 1 You should always write the invisible 1 to help you with problems involving exponents.

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Bases and Exponents xx ∙ x ∙ x = exponent base 3 The BASE tells us what is being multiplied. The EXPONENT tells us how many times to multiply the base.

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Identifying the Base & Exponent The base is 5. The exponent is 2. The base is - 5. The exponent is 2. The base is (x+3). The exponent is 5.

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Evaluating Exponents The base is 5. The exponent is 2. The base is - 5. The exponent is 2.

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Exponent Vocabulary When we raise something to the second power, we use the word SQUARED 7272 Seven squared When we raise something to the third power, we use the word CUBED 5353 Five cubed

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Simple Rule If the base is negative: –An even exponent means a positive answer –An odd exponent means a negative answer Example:

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Multiplication Rules

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Product of Powers Property When you MULTIPLY quantities with the same base ADD the exponents.

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Division Rules

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Quotient of Powers Property When you DIVIDE quantities with the same base SUBTRACT the exponents. Always top exponent minus bottom exponent!

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Zero Exponent Property If a division results in the complete cancellation of all factors then the answer is 1.

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1 1 1 −1 TRY THESE

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Power of a Power Rule Example:

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Power of a Product Rule (Distributive Property of Exponents over Multiplication) Example:

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Negative Exponent Property For all real numbers a, a ≠ 0, and n is an integer:

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Working with Negative Exponents When you see a negative exponent, think FRACTION! If no fraction exists, create a fraction, by putting what you have over 1! Examples:

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Fractions As Bases If you have a fraction as the base, and there is a negative exponent: FLIP THE FRACTION! Example:

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Simplify. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

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Follow the Pattern! = 3 3 3 = 3 = 3 = 1 = = =

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Fractional Exponents CP Classes Only

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Negative Exponents in Denominator Evaluate. Simplify. 1) 2) 3) 4)

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Examples:

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Simplify. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

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Simplify. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

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= or = = A fractional exponent is a root of the base.

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Simplify. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) = = = = = = = = = = = =

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Roots of Negative Numbers ==No Real Root == == == 1) 2) 3) 4) –4 ● – 4 ≠ – 16

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Write using a root. Simplify. == == == == 1) 2) 3) 4) No Real Root

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Write using a root. Simplify. == == == == 5) 6) 7) 8) No Real Root

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Rule of Rational Exponents = or == power (exponent) root = = == = = == Root or power first? Doesn’t matter!

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power (exponent) root

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