Presentation on theme: "Rules Apostrophes Examples 1. Use an apostrophe to replace"— Presentation transcript:
1 Rules Apostrophes Examples 1. Use an apostrophe to replace John doesn't want to wake up; he didn't go to sleep until 1:00 AM because he stayed up to watch the playoff game.1. Use an apostrophe to replaceomitted letters in contractions.2. Use an apostrophe to show ownership,possession, or relationship.John's coat was dirty; he had fallen in the mud.The girls' bathroom has just been painted.The children's playroom was too small to contain all of the furniture.Chris's house was under construction last summer.Singular (no s)Plural (s)Plural (no s)Singular (s)Exception: If adding 's makes the word sound awkward, just add an apostrophe.Ex. Jesus' story
2 "I love you," John said, "but I don't want to see you anymore." Quotation Marks Tree MapRulesExamples1. Use quotation marks to setoff direct quotes. (Place carefully!)"I love you," John said, "but I don't want to see you anymore."John said, " My sister screamed, 'Shut up,' and I screamed back."Mrs. Sprinkle said, "Use quotation marks with short works and underlining with long works."The most interesting short storythat we read was called "The Ladyor the Tiger."2. Use quotation marks to set off titles of short works (stories, poems, essays, newspaper and magazine articles, book chapters, and songs) and unfamiliar slang or unusual expressions.
3 Quotation Marks Titles of Short Works Direct Quote (Someone's exact words)title of book chapterThe student said, "I'll notbe here tomorrow."title of magazine article"If I am elected," the candidatedeclared, "spending will besignificantly reduced."title of songtitle of short story"Mikey said, 'Put thefrog in the refrigerator'and so I did," explainedmy little sister.title of an essaytitle of a short poemtitle of one-act playFrank asked, "Who isthat man?"title of TV episodeDid Mr. Smith say, "Yourassignments are due now"?title of radio episodeIndirect quote: re-wording or summarizing someone's wordsDo not use quotation marks with indirect quotes.Refer to p GW
4 Hyphen Tree Map Rules Examples I have thirty-six students in this class.1. Use a hyphen to forma compound word.2. Use a hyphen to join two or morewords that work together and serveas a single descriptive word before a noun.I need an up-to-date calendar.3. Use a hyphen between prefixes andwords such as self-, all-, and ex-.Her ex-boyfriend sent her a text message.
5 Dash Tree Map type two hyphens = dash ex. -- handwritten: draw dash as unbroken line, at least twice as long as a hyphenDash Tree MapRulesExamples1. Use a dash at the beginning or end of a sentenceto set off added explanation or illustration and to addemphasis or clarity.Her acting added an extra touch ofhumor to the play -- an added sparkle.2. Use a dash as an interrupter to mark a sudden breakin thought, an abrupt change or surprise, or a deliberatepause and to show in a dialogue that the speaker hasbeen interrupted.Of course, Everett was willing to work hard to get good grades -- but not toohard.Hilda always finds interesting restaurants -- such as Outback, that steakhouse, and Monte de Rey --to take us to after a movie.3. Use dashes to set off a whole word group when aphrase/clause already has commas within it.