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Life in Two City-States: Athens and SpartaHistory Alive Chapter 27
Athens and Sparta Government Economy Education Women & Slaves
Comparing Two City-StatesAthens and Sparta Greek City-States 150 miles apart
Athens Located in central Greece Four miles from the Aegean SeaAthenians liked to travel Encourage artists Grew powerful through trade
Sparta Sparta was more isolated Located on a plain between a mountainPart of the Peloponnesus Grew much of what they needed Attacked others for food
Peloponnesus The peninsula forming the southern part of the mainland of Greece
Athens and Sparta Athenians boasted of their art and cultureSpartans valued strength and simplicity
Athenian Government Athens had a democracy CitizensOnly men were considered citizens Council Assembly
Economy A system of managing the wealth of a community or region.Is the way a community or region organized the manufacture and exchange of money, food, products, and services.
Athenian Economy Based on tradeTraded with city-states and some foreign lands.
Athenian Economy Bought and sold goods at huge market places called the agora.
Athenian Economy Developed their own coins for trade.One side of their coins had an image of the goddess Athena.
Education in Athens Athenians believed in creating good citizensSharp mind and healthy body Physical training and book learning At 18, men began military training.
Education in Athens for GirlsMost girls did not learn to read and write Taught to cook, clean, spin thread, and weave cloth. Girls married at age 15.
Women in Athens Few rights Could not inherit or own propertyCould not pick their husband A few women had jobs Most women managed the home and children
Slaves in Athens Many slaves in Athens Most people owned slavesSlaves performed many jobs The unluckiest slaves were worked in the silver mines
Spartan Government Sparta was an oligarchy.Council of elders made important decisions. Assembly
Spartan Economy Relied on farming and fighting.Turned their conquered neighbors into slaves Non-citizens served in their army and made necessary items for soldiers. They also traded.
Spartan Economy In general, discouraged trade.Feared contact with other would lead to new ideas and weaken Sparta did not have coins, they used heavy iron bars.
Education in Sparta Purpose of education to produce men and women who could protect the city. Spartans valued strength.
Education in Sparta From age 7 boys were trained to fightBoys and girls received military training. Spartan boys lived and trained away from their family.
Spartan boys Were taught to suffer without complaining.Marched without shoes. Were not fed well. Encouraged to steal food. Beaten for being good or bad.
Women in Sparta Simple life Plain clothing Strong and healthyReady to fight Look after husband’s property Guard against invaders
Spartan Women Rights Free to speak with husband’s friendsCould own and control property Marry another man if first husband was away too long
Slaves in Sparta Helots were Spartan slaves who had been conquered.Spartans treated their slaves harshly. The government would declare war and kill the helots.
Spartan Slave Rights Marry who they wanted.Pass on name to their children. Sell any extra crops. Saved enough money they could buy their freedom.
Created By: Kerry Giordano Adapted from :Susan M. Pojer
Ch 27 Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta
Sparta and Athens Key Terms: Alliance Peloponnesian War What’s the big idea? The two most powerful city-states in Greece, Sparta and Athens, had very different.
Athens and Sparta. Sparta Located on the southern tip of the Peloponnesus. Sparta was a military, or warlike city-state. It had little trade with other.
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Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta
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