Presentation on theme: "Building the Innovation Eco-system"— Presentation transcript:
1 Building the Innovation Eco-system Role of NInC and SInCsDecember 2013Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and Innovations
2 Contents Mandate of National Innovation Council (NInC) Role and Functioning of State Innovation Councils (SInCs)Innovation-driven Initiatives by NInCInteraction with SInCsLinkage between SInC and District Innovation Fund (DIF)Current Status of SInCsLessons from SInCsResourcesWebsites
3 Mandate of National Innovation Council Formulating a Roadmap for Innovation/ Innovation Action Plan (IAP) forCreating a framework forEvolving an Indian model of innovation focusing on inclusive growthDelineating policy initiatives within the Government, required to spur innovationCreating appropriate eco-systems and environment to foster inclusive innovationExploring new strategies and alternatives for innovations and collaborationsIdentifying ways and means to scale and sustain innovationsEncouraging Central and State Governments, universities and R&D institutions, SMEs, and all important sectors of the economy to innovateEncouraging innovation in public service deliveryEncouraging multi-disciplinary and globally competitive approaches for innovations
4 Role of State Innovation Councils Map opportunities for innovation in the StatesHelp create innovation eco-systemsEncourage young talent and local universities, colleges, Medium and Small Scale Industries (MSME), R&D Institutes and reward talent in innovationDisseminate success stories through seminars, lectures, workshops on innovation and create State Innovation PortalsProvide platforms for collaboration between academia & industry; promote entrepreneurship; provide venture capital including innovation based projects/start-upsPrepare Innovation Action Plan for the StateFocus on promoting an inclusive and sustainable model of innovation
5 Strategic Lenses for Driving Innovations Each of the below mentioned strategic lenses will enable insights into the condition and quality of innovation in that domain and the aspects that need to be addressed to improve the innovation effort at the State level by addressing gaps.The Innovation Eco-system in the State may be analyzed through 10 strategic lenses:InformationLand, Climate & EnvironmentEnterprise DevelopmentFinanceCitizens’ Expectations & Service DeliveryGovernanceS&TMarketsEducation, Research & SkillsGlobal Competitiveness
6 Structure of the Council State Innovation CouncilMembers should be leading innovators in the StateSmall Secretariat in Nodal DepartmentMembers from civil society, R&D institutions, academia, CII, industry, IT experts, reps of NInC, NIF and State GovernmentMultidisciplinary consultationsLinkages to GoI Sectoral Innovation Councils (if required)Submission date for Innovation Action Plans: Jan ‘14
9 Innovation Clusters: Pilot Projects Cluster AssociationR&DTechSkillsMentorsInfraGovernment ProgramsFinancingMSMEs are engines of economic growthSuffer from lack of access to tech, finance, skills, infrastructure, etc.NInC model attempts to provide sustainable solution to address needsUsing partnerships and collaborations as the foundationUsing local association as the anchor, create local innovation ecosystemsCICCIC: Cluster Innovation Centre at the local association as the networking hub
10 Innovation Clusters: Pilot Projects Waste managementEnhanced storage lifeNew productsBio-replacement of scarce raw-materialsLow-cost automationLow pollution, more efficient furnaceImproved lacquerKrishnagiri, TamilnaduFood ProcessingAgartala, TripuraBambooMoradabad, Uttar PradeshBrasswareScientific validation of traditional knowledgeProcess standardizationContemporary designsNew wood processing technologyUniversity collaborationsInnovative financial solutionsThrissur, KeralaAyurvedaErnakulam, KeralaFurnitureFaridabad, HaryanaAuto ComponentsTotal 39 partner organizationsCentral MinistriesPublic R&D InstitutionsNational and local industry bodiesLocal educational institutionsFinancial institutionsCommercialization of technologiesInnovative research challengeExpected results at clusters8-10 new products10-14 process improvements2 new facilitation centresAhmedabad, GujaratLife Sciences
11 Innovation Clusters : Pilot Projects Expectations from States/ SInCsAdapt and replicate the initiatives and Form State-level, district-level Cluster Innovation Cells to coordinate the initiativeSupport from NInCProviding knowledge support to State-level cells by providing hand-holding and trainingForging partnerships with National R&D, public, private and industrial bodies.
12 Challenges and Competitions focusing on local needs Potent way of crowdsourcing and inducing innovationChallenges and competitions to source solutions for societal needs such as sanitation, healthcare, education, etc. are becoming commonExpectations from StatesSInC can launch challenges based on State needsCan leverage District Innovation Fund to support localized solutions468 ideas and solutions received6 solutions selected as winnersApart from prize money, support provided to take innovations to next levelCommercializationRecommended for use in public works
13 Open Government Platform (OGPL) Collaborative development of an Open Government Platform (OGPL) to promote transparency and greater citizen engagement by making more government data, documents, tools and processes publicly available by India and the USUsage of this data for social audit, citizens for building relevant applications in areas such as health, agriculture and other social sectors for creating new business models by various stakeholdersIndia's own Open Government Portal is ready at with data sets from 57 Union Government Ministries/ DepartmentsNInC can share this platform with State Governments (who could customize it to suit their purpose) to enhance citizen-government engagement at the State levelThe local National Informatics Centre (NIC) team can lend the required technical support
14 National Knowledge Network (NKN) Implementation of the National Knowledge Network (NKN), a high bandwidth network connecting the educational and research institutions in the country including all IITs by GOI, under the aegis of the Ministry of HRDImmense potential of this network for innovative education and research collaborations, whether in the form of virtual classrooms to share lectures, mentoring of a new institution by an established one, model projects on specific domains (brain research etc.) among othersUtilization of this network by State Governments to hold virtual workshops, seminars and lecturesNKN has already connected 1106 institutions and aims to connect over Institutions / Organisations / Laboratories under various categories throughout the country
15 National Optic Fibre Network (NOFN) Broadband access at the Panchayats plays a pivotal role in realising the agenda of improved governance, service delivery and generation of collective local solutionsGoI’s approval of NOFNTargeted coverage: 250,000 Panchayats.Month of approval: October, 2011Total estimated cost of the Project: Rs. 20,000/ croresFunding agency: Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)Implementing Agency: Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), namely Bharat Broadband Network LimitedMonitoring Agency: High Level Committee (HLC) chaired by Mr. Sam Pitroda
16 Features of E-Panchayat Experimental Sites Initiative (EPES) The Government of Rajasthan’s E-Panchayat Experimental Sites (EPES) trials in Ajmer, developed with conceptual and design support from the Office of the Adviser to the Prime Minister on PIII. The features of EPES are:Coverage of ten pilot Panchayats with ICT and human capacity, to generate data and insight on citizen and community adoption behavior for broadband-enabled PanchayatsProvision of practical guidance on designing and implementing effective, transparent, broadband-enabled initiatives at PanchayatsGeneration of a corpus of practical, field-evidenced knowledge and strategy for communities and officials to leverage Panchayat broadband.Empowerment of the Gram Sabha with internet access
17 (NOFN) & (EPES) Expectations from States: Creation of the ICT ecosystem through promotional and regulatory measuresIdentification of Service delivery agencies from public and private sectorsDevelopment of appropriate applications for government services (education, health, agriculture, birth certificate, death certificate, land records, police reports, school admissions, health records, court papers, government documentation, renewal of licenses, tax submissions and employment among others)
18 Design Innovation Centres (DICs) Design Innovation Centres (DICs): Envisaged as autonomous, specialised design research institutions for creation of an eco-system of design thinking, innovation and education in the country.Primary Aim: Scouting for innovations in social and economic domains and offering a creative design education. Identification of a regional focus eg. local crafts, local industry, environment needs, skills development.Location : NInC proposed co-location of DICs in existing institutes of eminence to leverage academic and infrastructure resources of the host institution.Current Status: Identification of 5 host institutions for co-location of DICs by MHRD: IIT Mumbai, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati, IISC Bangalore, Delhi University.Expectations from States: SInCs may take the lead in creating DICs at the State level based on local needs and challenges.
19 Tod Fod Jod (TFJ)Tod Fod Jod (de-construct, re-construct and re-purpose) Centres :Aim:Fostering Innovation at an early stage and creation an innovative mindset in the youth by providing hands-on learning environment in schools and colleges.Expansion of the horizons to larger concepts and applications.Support by NInC: Content and mentor trainingCurrent Status:Karnataka: KSInC and NInC providedKnowledge supportOrganization of intensive TFJ Sessions across 10 districts covering 50 schools and over 3000 children between 20th December 2012 to 10th January 2013.Introduction of TFJ sessions are now a part of the regular schedule in the Agastya Science Centres.Training to mentors from Agastya International Foundation by NInC.Delhi:Organization of intensive TFJ Sessions covering 17 schools and over 1500 children.Mentors from schools trained by NInC TFJ team
20 Tod Fod Jod (TFJ) Current Status: Expectations from States: Vadodara:Organization of intensive TFJ Sessions covering 31 schools and over 136 children.Mentors from schools trained by NInC TFJ team.Expectations from States:Identify an implementing agency and work with the implementing agency on the following aspects:Identification of Mentors, and logistics to arrange their meta-mentor trainingIdentification of a TFJ CentreAcquisition of relevant materials/objects/toolsOrganization of TFJ workshops with relevant groups of studentsRecording of the TFJ sessions with students (video, photo, written, etc.)Feedback collection/ conducting surveySubsequent new Mentor training by experienced Meta-MentorsCreation of new content and uploading on online platform for others to useMore details on the Initiative are available at
21 India Inclusive Innovation Fund (IIIF) The India Inclusive Innovation Fund (IIIF), conceptualised and designed by the NInC, seeks to bridge the gap between two ostensibly conflicting objectives of social impact and economic returns by providing enterprise financing to socially-focused innovative enterprises.Objectives:Financing socially-focused innovations by Indian entrepreneurs and innovators who address key development challenges among citizens in the lower half of the income pyramid, in critical areas such as healthcare, energy, and livelihood.Offering scalable, self-sustaining solutions to Indian socio-economic challenges. However, these innovators face a shortage of venture financing, tailored to the unique requirements of socially-focused inclusive innovation.Composition of IIIF:A SEBI-registered venture capital fund, the IIIF will receive 20% of its capital from the Government of India, with the remainder drawn from banks, financial institutions, insurance companies, and bilateral / multilateral development agencies.An intial corpus of Rs. 500 crores is being raised with contributions from public sector banks, multilateral agencies and other stakeholders . The Hon’ble Finance Minister has already announced an initial contribution of Rs. 100 crores (US $20 million) as seed money for the Fund. In-principle commitments to the tune of Rs. 375 crores have been received from various Financial Institutions.
22 India Inclusive Innovation Fund (IIIF) Activities:Provide risk capital at both early and expansion stages. By seeking lower financial returns than those of purely profit-driven venture capital firms – but will demand demonstrable social impact, accompanied by commercial sustainability, from its investees.Ownership of IIIF:The proposal is anchored in the Ministry of Medium, Small and Micro Enterprises (MSME).Structure of IIIF:The management structure of the fund will enable autonomous decision - making along with public accountability. This will include a Section 25 independent Asset Management Company for investment management, an Investment Committee for decision making and high level Governing Council consisting of eminent individuals and Government of India representatives.Current Status:The Proposal has received Cabinet ApprovalExpectations from States:The IIIF offers State Governments a unique model for financing inclusive innovation for State-specific socio-economic challenges. NInC can share expertise on the same.
23 Innovation Scholarships ObjectiveAimed at encouraging innovative thinking and problem-solving, rather than open-ended creativity.Identification of students from 8th to 12th classes, including children of the same age group not attending regular schools or children out of school (upto age 17), who think creatively, laterally and innovatively on issues that they perceive as important.Scope1000 Scholarships to be awarded every year followed by regional mentoring workshops and a national innovation showcase.Scholarship to be in the form of a one time award, coupled with incentives and support at every stage of the innovation.BenefitsMultiplier effect by getting parents and teachers to value creativity and innovation.Spreading the culture of valuing innovation in the school system.Current StatusThe proposal has been submitted to the Ministry of Human Resource Development and is in the final stages of approval by the competent authorities.Expectations from StatesLaunching similar scheme at State level.
24 Innovation through ICT in Judicial System The Government to facilitate and further improve access to justice by introducing ICT interventions in Justice Administration.Current Status:A number of schemes namely the e-Court Mission Mode Project, Modernisation of the Police Force Scheme (MPF), Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Schemes, (CCTNS) have been introduced with goal of leveraging technology for enhancing the efficiency of these institutions.The NInC conceptualised the document ‘Courts of Tomorrow’ with the aim of providing a systems approach to justice delivery in order to reduce delays and pendency in the Courts. The document was formulated after consulting various stakeholders including Judges, registrars, police departments, lawyers, jurists etc. and suggests ten technology-based initiatives.Among these are Information Infrastructure for the Courts; Interconnection of Courts, prisons and Police Stations; ICT-enabled courtrooms; Integrated Case and Document management System; E- filing and E-registry; E-Orders, E-copies and E-causelists; E-service and E-administration.Madhya PradeshThe State Government of Madhya Pradesh has funded a detailed study for technology optimization and interconnection of courts, prisons, police, forensic labs etc.Expectations from the States:This initiative could be taken up by the State Innovation Councils to promote at the State Government level.
25 Linkage between SInC and District Innovation Fund (DIF) Creation of DIF:Created vide Department of Expenditure's communication F. No. 37(1) FCD/2010 dated 15th March 2011Objective:To support and promote innovation, as it plays an important role in providing better alternatives, reducing costs, improving service levels, governance and justice deliveryExpectations from the States:Drafting of the appropriate guidelines to use the DIF.The suggested projects that can be undertaken include:Creating Innovation spaces in DIETs as part of re-orienting them into District Institutes of Education, Training and Innovation (DIETIs)Creating Tod Fod Jod Centres at DIETs to foster an innovative mindset among studentsPartnering with NGOs for developing innovative ICT - based community and social audit mechanisms to improve GovernanceLaunching local, context specific Challenges to address local needs. State Innovation Councils can develop a process for the same by engaging relevant stakeholders with a view to their scaling up by Specific departments.The National level broad guidelines for DIF F. No. 37(1) FCD/2010 are available at
26 Current Status of SInCs North ZoneHaryanaH.P.J & KPunjabU.PNCT of DelhiWest ZoneChhattisgarhGoaMadhya PradeshRajasthanGujaratDaman & DiuDadra & Nagar HaveliEast ZoneAndaman & Nicobar IslandsBiharJharkhandSouth ZoneKarnatakaLakshadweepPuducherryKeralaNorth-eastern ZoneArunachal PradeshAssamManipurMeghalayaMizoramNagalandTripuraSikkimCurrently 28 States and UTs have constituted State Innovation Councils
27 States poised to form SInCs North ZoneUttarakhandChandigarghWest ZoneMaharashtraEast ZoneOdishaWest BengalSouth ZoneAndhra PradeshTamil Nadu
28 Karnataka State Innovation Council (KSInC):Key Features Constitution of SInC: broad-based; a balanced blend of non- governmental and governmental representatives.Reps of industry, CII, eminent NGOs, academia, finance and NInC on the Council.Augmentation of the mandateFormation of sectoral sub-committees e.g. Intellectual Property.Conferment of Innovation Corps/Heroes awards to KANAJA (an encyclopedic knowledge portal of Karnataka Knowledge Commission); SAKALA (guarantee of services to citizens in the state within stipulated time limits); REDBUS (India’s biggest online bus ticketing company); and mDHiL (interactive health information via mobile and web)
29 Karnataka State Innovation Council (KSInC):Key Features Activities till nowAdvanced stages, for formulation of the Innovation Action PlanLaunching of exclusive portal on 19th March, 2013; and of Techpedia Portal to connect students’ projects with MSMEs and social enterprises in the State.Commencement of ‘Amulya 2012’, joint initiative of Department of Industries & Commerce, and KSInC; aims to recognize, award and incentivize patent filing:-Number of Applications received : 47No of eligible applicants awarded : 3631 Patent Filed applicants awarded with Rs 15,000/-5 Patent Granted applicants awarded with Rs 25,000/-Start of Youth Enterprise Program in association with Intel: training in ideation, development of idea, preparation of business process solution and pitching for fundingCreation of Innovation Warehouse
30 Karnataka State Innovation Council (KSInC):Key Features Activities till now (contd.)Conduct of workshop with Vice Chancellors on finding innovative solutions by harnessing innovative potential of youth from technological University and general universities.Formulation of Roadmap for Universities and Polytechnics.Holding of workshop of Principals of colleges on establishing Innovation Centres in Universities and Innovation Clubs in Colleges.Issue of Government orders to all Universities to set aside Innovation Fund in the University for innovation activities of Innovation CentresSetting up of Industry-Academia Forum (IAF) to provide interface between potential mentors and guides, and technological and managerial problems as also skills-set requirements of MSMEs through a web portal; setting up of High Power Steering Committee for effective implementation of the operation of the Forum.Provision for budgetary grants for the Innovation clubs and IAF made during
31 Karnataka State Innovation Council (KSInC):Key Features Activities till now (contd.)Proposed activities for Industry-Academia Forum:Industry Visits of Students and trade exposureDatabase of Job Requirements and skill requirements of IndustryDatabase of Job seekers and their area of expertiseJob Melas and Job FairsJoint collaboration and cooperation workshopsConduct Exhibitions of innovative products, processes and designs and solutionsAward best innovations at taluk, district and state levels
32 Future initiatives of KSInC Establishment of Innovation Universities in the State, by transforming the Universities of Mysore and KarnatakaRaising the qualitative levels of IIT and IIIT to world class universitiesEnabling Bangalore city as Wi-Fi cityKSWAN connectivity to all Government colleges, polytechnics and UniversitiesSpread of Innovation WarehouseImplementation of Campus-based Innovation CentersStrengthening Patent Facilitating Center
33 Future initiatives of KSInC Provision of Laptop and Tablets for college and school students to promote computer literacy, facilitate e-learning and access internet.Full utilization of optic fiber network under the National MissionVirtual University and e-content generation are being planned.Further augmentation and expansion of E- education, e-governance, e-health, e-agriculture.
34 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Key Features Constitution of SInC: broad-based; a balanced blend of non-governmental and governmental representatives under chairpersonship of Chief Secretary. 25 members: Govt. Line Deptts (8), Academic Institutions(8), R&D Bodies(3) & Industry(6).Augmentation of the mandateFormation of sectoral sub-committees of Agriculture, Energy, Health, Higher Education, Construction and Manufacturing sectors ; identification of nodal agencies and facilitator departments.Located in State Council for Science & TechnologyRs Lacs by GoP in
35 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Projects under DIF Manufacturing of low cost sanitary napkins by womenBuilding smart and attractive class-rooms and subject based educational parksSetting-up of small units for production of biopesticides & dry-food itemsPurchase of straw choppers/ mulchers for demonstrationPutting up solar fencing to protect crops from domestic and wild animalsPurchase of hydraulic system based veterinary ambulanceIntroduction and promotion of medicinal crops in low fertile soilSetting up of Biodiversity Park
36 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Key Features of Study on Patents Objectives of the study:Assess current innovation scenario in context of existing IP systemIdentify pointers to assess the innovation needs of the StateAnalysis of Inventor wise patents from Punjab & Chandigarh (based on published applications in the online journal of Indian Patent Office (Jan, Feb, 2012)
37 PSInC: Gap AreasInnovations in agricultural implement exist but inadequate in post-harvest processingBicycle, auto part, machine tools, hosiery, sports good, leather, foundry, industry exist but inadequate innovationsSSI largely dependent on outdated technologiesLack of awarenessWeak IT & Energy sectors
38 PSInC: Recommendations Enhance awarenessBuild capacities to ensure commercial benefitsRequest for examination not filedMany applications abandoned/ deemed to be withdrawnCreate innovation ecosystemPolicy to incentivize innovationHand holding /scouting mechanism for grassroot inventions.Rope in Venture Capitalist/ Angel InvestorsReforms at District level
39 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Key Features Activities Till NowAgriculture ImplementsInnovative Farmer PracticesNew VarietiesIPMValue addition & ProcessingFertilizers/Pesticides
40 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Key Features Activities Till NowSectoral Innovation Action Plan for Agriculture, Energy, Manufacturing sector have been preparedDiscussions with GIAN North/NIF, CIPS, Hyderabad & PAU, Ludhiana GIAN-North requested to help the PSInC in scouting grass-root level innovationsDST-GOI supported Lockheed Martin Program studiedThink tank in State Innovation CouncilIdentification of the key areas for innovation e.g. agricultural implements, biomass-based energy, foundry & textile sectors; and of GapsNurture through Venture Capitalist /Angel InvestorsCommercialize
41 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Proposed Funding Pattern PSInC & Innovation Punjab20 crore corpus from NInC/GoP40% of interest for PSInC operations60% of interest for promoting new ideasSubsequent royaltyCommercialization fee from successful inventions to make PSInC self sustainable
42 Notable Ideas from other State Innovation Councils (SInCs) Advanced stages of formulation of Innovation Action Plan (Andaman & Nicobar Islands).Implementation of Young Interns Program (YIP); Financial Assistance to Innovative Projects (FAIP); and Manthan (Rajasthan SInC).Implementation of COREPDS, ICT-driven Gramsuraj and Nagarsuraj grievance redressal systems; e-Kosh; computerized land records and maps; transport projects entitled Vahan and Sarathi; e-Works; e-Panchayats and online paddy procurement; linkage of 18 institutes and Universities under NKN; 5 more underway; linkage between NKN and NIC district headquarters (Chhattisgarh SInC).Implementation of DIF; Innovative practices in generation, transmission and distribution by Power department; Innovative initiative by PHE Dept. and by HSPCB (Haryana SInC)
43 Notable Ideas from other State Innovation Councils (SInCs) contd. Registration of State-wise innovations; CM’s Excellence Award for innovative ideas; setting up of 300 Lok Seva Kendra for public service delivery; grant of Rs 5 Lakhs as awards for selected innovations under Program of Action in Conservation of Environment (PACE); and documentation of case studies (MP SInC).Farm Innovation Awards; Formulation of IAP at advanced state; organization of zonal and State level Innovation Workshops ; (A&N Islands SInC).Provision of Rs. 10 Crores by Planning & Development Dept. in ; promotion of innovation in Universities; constitution of a sub-committee under CS for evaluation of innovations; creation of endowment fund to encourage innovations; and constitution of an innovation cell in the Council for Science & Technology (J&K SInC).
44 Notable Ideas from other State Innovation Councils (SInCs) contd. Bihar SInC’s Initiatives marked by institutionalization and inter-agency networking. e.g. TIFAC, National Resource Management Consultancy, among others.Collaboration between SInC and Bihar Innovation Forum (BIF) for identification and scale-up of rural livelihood innovations, an initiative supported by the World Bank and implemented by the Bihar Rural Livelihood Promotion Society (JEEViKA)The BIF shares innovations by private entrepreneurs, NGOs and communities, and scales them up to improve rural livelihoods.It recognizes and awards the services of the innovators by Honorable CM applications received by JEEViKA.Facilitating Interface between donor agencies and innovators. Interface between SInC and District Innovation Forum; 200 applications received from grassroot innovatorsOrganization of Seminar on ‘Use of Nano-Science and Nano-Technology in the Management of Health, Energy and Environment’
45 ResourcesCentre for Innovations in Public Systems: government-innovations/India Brand equity Foundation:Australian Government Review of National Innovation System em.aspxMinisterial report on OECD Innovation Strategy:Regional Development Agencies, UK:Public Sector Innovation Journal:Harvard Gazette:Stanford Social Innovation review:EU Innovation Strategy: _en.htmNESTA:NII Innovate America:Harvard Kennedy School Ash Centre
46 Websites & Portals Adviser to the Prime Minister: www.iii.gov.in National Innovation Council:Expert Committee on ICT for Indian Railways: 8TxzB_Jw9zAwtnU_1wkA6zeAMcwNFA388jPzdVP1I_yhynOcFm- pE5qemJyZX6Bdl55fmOiooA2Bbbdg%21%21/dl2/d1/L0lJSklna2shL0lCakFBTXlBQkVSQ0lBISEvWUZOQTF OSTUwLXchLzdfNFVUUDFJOTMwTzJMRDBJNEFWT0JINzA4UzY%21/?WCM_PORTLET=PC_7_4UTP1I930 O2LD0I4AVOBH708S6_WCM&WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/wps/wcm/connect/ICTLibrary/EC_ICT/Home/H omeNational Knowledge Commission:National Knowledge Network:PortalsNational Innovation Portal:India Biodiversity Portal:Teachers of India:India Environment Portal:India Energy Portal:India Water Portal:Social Media:Facebook: Infrastructure-and-Innovations/ ?v=wallYoutube: