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Building the Innovation Eco-system

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1 Building the Innovation Eco-system
Role of NInC and SInCs December 2013 Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and Innovations

2 Contents Mandate of National Innovation Council (NInC)
Role and Functioning of State Innovation Councils (SInCs) Innovation-driven Initiatives by NInC Interaction with SInCs Linkage between SInC and District Innovation Fund (DIF) Current Status of SInCs Lessons from SInCs Resources Websites

3 Mandate of National Innovation Council
Formulating a Roadmap for Innovation/ Innovation Action Plan (IAP) for Creating a framework for Evolving an Indian model of innovation focusing on inclusive growth Delineating policy initiatives within the Government, required to spur innovation Creating appropriate eco-systems and environment to foster inclusive innovation Exploring new strategies and alternatives for innovations and collaborations Identifying ways and means to scale and sustain innovations Encouraging Central and State Governments, universities and R&D institutions, SMEs, and all important sectors of the economy to innovate Encouraging innovation in public service delivery Encouraging multi-disciplinary and globally competitive approaches for innovations

4 Role of State Innovation Councils
Map opportunities for innovation in the States Help create innovation eco-systems Encourage young talent and local universities, colleges, Medium and Small Scale Industries (MSME), R&D Institutes and reward talent in innovation Disseminate success stories through seminars, lectures, workshops on innovation and create State Innovation Portals Provide platforms for collaboration between academia & industry; promote entrepreneurship; provide venture capital including innovation based projects/start-ups Prepare Innovation Action Plan for the State Focus on promoting an inclusive and sustainable model of innovation

5 Strategic Lenses for Driving Innovations
Each of the below mentioned strategic lenses will enable insights into the condition and quality of innovation in that domain and the aspects that need to be addressed to improve the innovation effort at the State level by addressing gaps. The Innovation Eco-system in the State may be analyzed through 10 strategic lenses: Information Land, Climate & Environment Enterprise Development Finance Citizens’ Expectations & Service Delivery Governance S&T Markets Education, Research & Skills Global Competitiveness

6 Structure of the Council
State Innovation Council Members should be leading innovators in the State Small Secretariat in Nodal Department Members from civil society, R&D institutions, academia, CII, industry, IT experts, reps of NInC, NIF and State Government Multidisciplinary consultations Linkages to GoI Sectoral Innovation Councils (if required) Submission date for Innovation Action Plans: Jan ‘14

7 Interaction with SInC/ UTInCS
North/ Central Zone Chandigarh Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Delhi Madhya Pradesh* Uttar Pradesh* Eastern zone Bihar* Odisha West Zone Rajasthan* Maharashtra Gujarat Goa South Zone Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Tamil Nadu. North-eastern Zone Assam Sikkim * Interactive workshops

8 Innovation-driven Initiatives by NInC

9 Innovation Clusters: Pilot Projects
Cluster Association R&D Tech Skills Mentors Infra Government Programs Financing MSMEs are engines of economic growth Suffer from lack of access to tech, finance, skills, infrastructure, etc. NInC model attempts to provide sustainable solution to address needs Using partnerships and collaborations as the foundation Using local association as the anchor, create local innovation ecosystems CIC CIC: Cluster Innovation Centre at the local association as the networking hub

10 Innovation Clusters: Pilot Projects
Waste management Enhanced storage life New products Bio-replacement of scarce raw-materials Low-cost automation Low pollution, more efficient furnace Improved lacquer Krishnagiri, Tamilnadu Food Processing Agartala, Tripura Bamboo Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh Brassware Scientific validation of traditional knowledge Process standardization Contemporary designs New wood processing technology University collaborations Innovative financial solutions Thrissur, Kerala Ayurveda Ernakulam, Kerala Furniture Faridabad, Haryana Auto Components Total 39 partner organizations Central Ministries Public R&D Institutions National and local industry bodies Local educational institutions Financial institutions Commercialization of technologies Innovative research challenge Expected results at clusters 8-10 new products 10-14 process improvements 2 new facilitation centres Ahmedabad, Gujarat Life Sciences

11 Innovation Clusters : Pilot Projects
Expectations from States/ SInCs Adapt and replicate the initiatives and Form State-level, district-level Cluster Innovation Cells to coordinate the initiative Support from NInC Providing knowledge support to State-level cells by providing hand-holding and training Forging partnerships with National R&D, public, private and industrial bodies.

12 Challenges and Competitions focusing on local needs
Potent way of crowdsourcing and inducing innovation Challenges and competitions to source solutions for societal needs such as sanitation, healthcare, education, etc. are becoming common Expectations from States SInC can launch challenges based on State needs Can leverage District Innovation Fund to support localized solutions 468 ideas and solutions received 6 solutions selected as winners Apart from prize money, support provided to take innovations to next level Commercialization Recommended for use in public works

13 Open Government Platform (OGPL)
Collaborative development of an Open Government Platform (OGPL) to promote transparency and greater citizen engagement by making more government data, documents, tools and processes publicly available by India and the US Usage of this data for social audit, citizens for building relevant applications in areas such as health, agriculture and other social sectors for creating new business models by various stakeholders India's own Open Government Portal is ready at with data sets from 57 Union Government Ministries/ Departments NInC can share this platform with State Governments (who could customize it to suit their purpose) to enhance citizen-government engagement at the State level The local National Informatics Centre (NIC) team can lend the required technical support

14 National Knowledge Network (NKN)
Implementation of the National Knowledge Network (NKN), a high bandwidth network connecting the educational and research institutions in the country including all IITs by GOI, under the aegis of the Ministry of HRD Immense potential of this network for innovative education and research collaborations, whether in the form of virtual classrooms to share lectures, mentoring of a new institution by an established one, model projects on specific domains (brain research etc.) among others Utilization of this network by State Governments to hold virtual workshops, seminars and lectures NKN has already connected 1106 institutions and aims to connect over Institutions / Organisations / Laboratories under various categories throughout the country

15 National Optic Fibre Network (NOFN)
Broadband access at the Panchayats plays a pivotal role in realising the agenda of improved governance, service delivery and generation of collective local solutions GoI’s approval of NOFN Targeted coverage: 250,000 Panchayats. Month of approval: October, 2011 Total estimated cost of the Project: Rs. 20,000/ crores Funding agency: Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) Implementing Agency: Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), namely Bharat Broadband Network Limited Monitoring Agency: High Level Committee (HLC) chaired by Mr. Sam Pitroda

16 Features of E-Panchayat Experimental Sites Initiative (EPES)
The Government of Rajasthan’s E-Panchayat Experimental Sites (EPES) trials in Ajmer, developed with conceptual and design support from the Office of the Adviser to the Prime Minister on PIII. The features of EPES are: Coverage of ten pilot Panchayats with ICT and human capacity, to generate data and insight on citizen and community adoption behavior for broadband-enabled Panchayats Provision of practical guidance on designing and implementing effective, transparent, broadband-enabled initiatives at Panchayats Generation of a corpus of practical, field-evidenced knowledge and strategy for communities and officials to leverage Panchayat broadband. Empowerment of the Gram Sabha with internet access

17 (NOFN) & (EPES) Expectations from States:
Creation of the ICT ecosystem through promotional and regulatory measures Identification of Service delivery agencies from public and private sectors Development of appropriate applications for government services (education, health, agriculture, birth certificate, death certificate, land records, police reports, school admissions, health records, court papers, government documentation, renewal of licenses, tax submissions and employment among others)

18 Design Innovation Centres (DICs)
Design Innovation Centres (DICs): Envisaged as autonomous, specialised design research institutions for creation of an eco-system of design thinking, innovation and education in the country. Primary Aim: Scouting for innovations in social and economic domains and offering a creative design education. Identification of a regional focus eg. local crafts, local industry, environment needs, skills development. Location : NInC proposed co-location of DICs in existing institutes of eminence to leverage academic and infrastructure resources of the host institution. Current Status: Identification of 5 host institutions for co-location of DICs by MHRD: IIT Mumbai, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati, IISC Bangalore, Delhi University. Expectations from States: SInCs may take the lead in creating DICs at the State level based on local needs and challenges.

19 Tod Fod Jod (TFJ) Tod Fod Jod (de-construct, re-construct and re-purpose) Centres : Aim: Fostering Innovation at an early stage and creation an innovative mindset in the youth by providing hands-on learning environment in schools and colleges. Expansion of the horizons to larger concepts and applications. Support by NInC: Content and mentor training Current Status: Karnataka: KSInC and NInC provided Knowledge support Organization of intensive TFJ Sessions across 10 districts covering 50 schools and over 3000 children between 20th December 2012 to 10th January 2013. Introduction of TFJ sessions are now a part of the regular schedule in the Agastya Science Centres. Training to mentors from Agastya International Foundation by NInC. Delhi: Organization of intensive TFJ Sessions covering 17 schools and over 1500 children. Mentors from schools trained by NInC TFJ team

20 Tod Fod Jod (TFJ) Current Status: Expectations from States:
Vadodara: Organization of intensive TFJ Sessions covering 31 schools and over 136 children. Mentors from schools trained by NInC TFJ team. Expectations from States: Identify an implementing agency and work with the implementing agency on the following aspects: Identification of Mentors, and logistics to arrange their meta-mentor training Identification of a TFJ Centre Acquisition of relevant materials/objects/tools Organization of TFJ workshops with relevant groups of students Recording of the TFJ sessions with students (video, photo, written, etc.) Feedback collection/ conducting survey Subsequent new Mentor training by experienced Meta-Mentors Creation of new content and uploading on online platform for others to use More details on the Initiative are available at

21 India Inclusive Innovation Fund (IIIF)
The India Inclusive Innovation Fund (IIIF), conceptualised and designed by the NInC, seeks to bridge the gap between two ostensibly conflicting objectives of social impact and economic returns by providing enterprise financing to socially-focused innovative enterprises. Objectives: Financing socially-focused innovations by Indian entrepreneurs and innovators who address key development challenges among citizens in the lower half of the income pyramid, in critical areas such as healthcare, energy, and livelihood. Offering scalable, self-sustaining solutions to Indian socio-economic challenges. However, these innovators face a shortage of venture financing, tailored to the unique requirements of socially-focused inclusive innovation. Composition of IIIF: A SEBI-registered venture capital fund, the IIIF will receive 20% of its capital from the Government of India, with the remainder drawn from banks, financial institutions, insurance companies, and bilateral / multilateral development agencies. An intial corpus of Rs. 500 crores is being raised with contributions from public sector banks, multilateral agencies and other stakeholders . The Hon’ble Finance Minister has already announced an initial contribution of Rs. 100 crores (US $20 million) as seed money for the Fund. In-principle commitments to the tune of Rs. 375 crores have been received from various Financial Institutions.

22 India Inclusive Innovation Fund (IIIF)
Activities: Provide risk capital at both early and expansion stages. By seeking lower financial returns than those of purely profit-driven venture capital firms – but will demand demonstrable social impact, accompanied by commercial sustainability, from its investees. Ownership of IIIF: The proposal is anchored in the Ministry of Medium, Small and Micro Enterprises (MSME). Structure of IIIF: The management structure of the fund will enable autonomous decision - making along with public accountability. This will include a Section 25 independent Asset Management Company for investment management, an Investment Committee for decision making and high level Governing Council consisting of eminent individuals and Government of India representatives. Current Status: The Proposal has received Cabinet Approval Expectations from States: The IIIF offers State Governments a unique model for financing inclusive innovation for State-specific socio-economic challenges. NInC can share expertise on the same.

23 Innovation Scholarships
Objective Aimed at encouraging innovative thinking and problem-solving, rather than open-ended creativity. Identification of students from 8th to 12th classes, including children of the same age group not attending regular schools or children out of school (upto age 17), who think creatively, laterally and innovatively on issues that they perceive as important. Scope 1000 Scholarships to be awarded every year followed by regional mentoring workshops and a national innovation showcase. Scholarship to be in the form of a one time award, coupled with incentives and support at every stage of the innovation. Benefits Multiplier effect by getting parents and teachers to value creativity and innovation. Spreading the culture of valuing innovation in the school system. Current Status The proposal has been submitted to the Ministry of Human Resource Development and is in the final stages of approval by the competent authorities. Expectations from States Launching similar scheme at State level.

24 Innovation through ICT in Judicial System
The Government to facilitate and further improve access to justice by introducing ICT interventions in Justice Administration. Current Status: A number of schemes namely the e-Court Mission Mode Project, Modernisation of the Police Force Scheme (MPF), Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Schemes, (CCTNS) have been introduced with goal of leveraging technology for enhancing the efficiency of these institutions. The NInC conceptualised the document ‘Courts of Tomorrow’ with the aim of providing a systems approach to justice delivery in order to reduce delays and pendency in the Courts. The document was formulated after consulting various stakeholders including Judges, registrars, police departments, lawyers, jurists etc. and suggests ten technology-based initiatives. Among these are Information Infrastructure for the Courts; Interconnection of Courts, prisons and Police Stations; ICT-enabled courtrooms; Integrated Case and Document management System; E- filing and E-registry; E-Orders, E-copies and E-causelists; E-service and E-administration. Madhya Pradesh The State Government of Madhya Pradesh has funded a detailed study for technology optimization and interconnection of courts, prisons, police, forensic labs etc. Expectations from the States: This initiative could be taken up by the State Innovation Councils to promote at the State Government level.

25 Linkage between SInC and District Innovation Fund (DIF)
Creation of DIF: Created vide Department of Expenditure's communication F. No. 37(1) FCD/2010 dated 15th March 2011 Objective: To support and promote innovation, as it plays an important role in providing better alternatives, reducing costs, improving service levels, governance and justice delivery Expectations from the States: Drafting of the appropriate guidelines to use the DIF. The suggested projects that can be undertaken include: Creating Innovation spaces in DIETs as part of re-orienting them into District Institutes of Education, Training and Innovation (DIETIs) Creating Tod Fod Jod Centres at DIETs to foster an innovative mindset among students Partnering with NGOs for developing innovative ICT - based community and social audit mechanisms to improve Governance Launching local, context specific Challenges to address local needs. State Innovation Councils can develop a process for the same by engaging relevant stakeholders with a view to their scaling up by Specific departments. The National level broad guidelines for DIF F. No. 37(1) FCD/2010 are available at

26 Current Status of SInCs
North Zone Haryana H.P. J & K Punjab U.P NCT of Delhi West Zone Chhattisgarh Goa Madhya Pradesh Rajasthan Gujarat Daman & Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli East Zone Andaman & Nicobar Islands Bihar Jharkhand South Zone Karnataka Lakshadweep Puducherry Kerala North-eastern Zone Arunachal Pradesh Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Tripura Sikkim Currently 28 States and UTs have constituted State Innovation Councils

27 States poised to form SInCs
North Zone Uttarakhand Chandigargh West Zone Maharashtra East Zone Odisha West Bengal South Zone Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu

28 Karnataka State Innovation Council (KSInC):Key Features
Constitution of SInC: broad-based; a balanced blend of non- governmental and governmental representatives. Reps of industry, CII, eminent NGOs, academia, finance and NInC on the Council. Augmentation of the mandate Formation of sectoral sub-committees e.g. Intellectual Property. Conferment of Innovation Corps/Heroes awards to KANAJA (an encyclopedic knowledge portal of Karnataka Knowledge Commission); SAKALA (guarantee of services to citizens in the state within stipulated time limits); REDBUS (India’s biggest online bus ticketing company); and mDHiL (interactive health information via mobile and web)

29 Karnataka State Innovation Council (KSInC):Key Features
Activities till now Advanced stages, for formulation of the Innovation Action Plan Launching of exclusive portal on 19th March, 2013; and of Techpedia Portal to connect students’ projects with MSMEs and social enterprises in the State. Commencement of ‘Amulya 2012’, joint initiative of Department of Industries & Commerce, and KSInC; aims to recognize, award and incentivize patent filing:- Number of Applications received : 47 No of eligible applicants awarded : 36 31 Patent Filed applicants awarded with Rs 15,000/- 5 Patent Granted applicants awarded with Rs 25,000/- Start of Youth Enterprise Program in association with Intel: training in ideation, development of idea, preparation of business process solution and pitching for funding Creation of Innovation Warehouse

30 Karnataka State Innovation Council (KSInC):Key Features
Activities till now (contd.) Conduct of workshop with Vice Chancellors on finding innovative solutions by harnessing innovative potential of youth from technological University and general universities. Formulation of Roadmap for Universities and Polytechnics. Holding of workshop of Principals of colleges on establishing Innovation Centres in Universities and Innovation Clubs in Colleges. Issue of Government orders to all Universities to set aside Innovation Fund in the University for innovation activities of Innovation Centres Setting up of Industry-Academia Forum (IAF) to provide interface between potential mentors and guides, and technological and managerial problems as also skills-set requirements of MSMEs through a web portal; setting up of High Power Steering Committee for effective implementation of the operation of the Forum. Provision for budgetary grants for the Innovation clubs and IAF made during

31 Karnataka State Innovation Council (KSInC):Key Features
Activities till now (contd.) Proposed activities for Industry-Academia Forum: Industry Visits of Students and trade exposure Database of Job Requirements and skill requirements of Industry Database of Job seekers and their area of expertise Job Melas and Job Fairs Joint collaboration and cooperation workshops Conduct Exhibitions of innovative products, processes and designs and solutions Award best innovations at taluk, district and state levels

32 Future initiatives of KSInC
Establishment of Innovation Universities in the State, by transforming the Universities of Mysore and Karnataka Raising the qualitative levels of IIT and IIIT to world class universities Enabling Bangalore city as Wi-Fi city KSWAN connectivity to all Government colleges, polytechnics and Universities Spread of Innovation Warehouse Implementation of Campus-based Innovation Centers Strengthening Patent Facilitating Center

33 Future initiatives of KSInC
Provision of Laptop and Tablets for college and school students to promote computer literacy, facilitate e-learning and access internet. Full utilization of optic fiber network under the National Mission Virtual University and e-content generation are being planned. Further augmentation and expansion of E- education, e-governance, e-health, e-agriculture.

34 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Key Features
Constitution of SInC: broad-based; a balanced blend of non-governmental and governmental representatives under chairpersonship of Chief Secretary. 25 members: Govt. Line Deptts (8), Academic Institutions(8), R&D Bodies(3) & Industry(6). Augmentation of the mandate Formation of sectoral sub-committees of Agriculture, Energy, Health, Higher Education, Construction and Manufacturing sectors ; identification of nodal agencies and facilitator departments. Located in State Council for Science & Technology Rs Lacs by GoP in

35 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Projects under DIF
Manufacturing of low cost sanitary napkins by women Building smart and attractive class-rooms and subject based educational parks Setting-up of small units for production of biopesticides & dry-food items Purchase of straw choppers/ mulchers for demonstration Putting up solar fencing to protect crops from domestic and wild animals Purchase of hydraulic system based veterinary ambulance Introduction and promotion of medicinal crops in low fertile soil Setting up of Biodiversity Park

36 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Key Features of Study on Patents
Objectives of the study: Assess current innovation scenario in context of existing IP system Identify pointers to assess the innovation needs of the State Analysis of Inventor wise patents from Punjab & Chandigarh (based on published applications in the online journal of Indian Patent Office (Jan, Feb, 2012)

37 PSInC: Gap Areas Innovations in agricultural implement exist but inadequate in post-harvest processing Bicycle, auto part, machine tools, hosiery, sports good, leather, foundry, industry exist but inadequate innovations SSI largely dependent on outdated technologies Lack of awareness Weak IT & Energy sectors

38 PSInC: Recommendations
Enhance awareness Build capacities to ensure commercial benefits Request for examination not filed Many applications abandoned/ deemed to be withdrawn Create innovation ecosystem Policy to incentivize innovation Hand holding /scouting mechanism for grassroot inventions. Rope in Venture Capitalist/ Angel Investors Reforms at District level

39 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Key Features
Activities Till Now Agriculture Implements Innovative Farmer Practices New Varieties IPM Value addition & Processing Fertilizers/Pesticides

40 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Key Features
Activities Till Now Sectoral Innovation Action Plan for Agriculture, Energy, Manufacturing sector have been prepared Discussions with GIAN North/NIF, CIPS, Hyderabad & PAU, Ludhiana GIAN-North requested to help the PSInC in scouting grass-root level innovations DST-GOI supported Lockheed Martin Program studied Think tank in State Innovation Council Identification of the key areas for innovation e.g. agricultural implements, biomass-based energy, foundry & textile sectors; and of Gaps Nurture through Venture Capitalist /Angel Investors Commercialize

41 Punjab State Innovation Council (PSInC): Proposed Funding Pattern
PSInC & Innovation Punjab 20 crore corpus from NInC/GoP 40% of interest for PSInC operations 60% of interest for promoting new ideas Subsequent royalty Commercialization fee from successful inventions to make PSInC self sustainable

42 Notable Ideas from other State Innovation Councils (SInCs)
Advanced stages of formulation of Innovation Action Plan (Andaman & Nicobar Islands). Implementation of Young Interns Program (YIP); Financial Assistance to Innovative Projects (FAIP); and Manthan (Rajasthan SInC). Implementation of COREPDS, ICT-driven Gramsuraj and Nagarsuraj grievance redressal systems; e-Kosh; computerized land records and maps; transport projects entitled Vahan and Sarathi; e-Works; e-Panchayats and online paddy procurement; linkage of 18 institutes and Universities under NKN; 5 more underway; linkage between NKN and NIC district headquarters (Chhattisgarh SInC). Implementation of DIF; Innovative practices in generation, transmission and distribution by Power department; Innovative initiative by PHE Dept. and by HSPCB (Haryana SInC)

43 Notable Ideas from other State Innovation Councils (SInCs) contd.
Registration of State-wise innovations; CM’s Excellence Award for innovative ideas; setting up of 300 Lok Seva Kendra for public service delivery; grant of Rs 5 Lakhs as awards for selected innovations under Program of Action in Conservation of Environment (PACE); and documentation of case studies (MP SInC). Farm Innovation Awards; Formulation of IAP at advanced state; organization of zonal and State level Innovation Workshops ; (A&N Islands SInC). Provision of Rs. 10 Crores by Planning & Development Dept. in ; promotion of innovation in Universities; constitution of a sub-committee under CS for evaluation of innovations; creation of endowment fund to encourage innovations; and constitution of an innovation cell in the Council for Science & Technology (J&K SInC).

44 Notable Ideas from other State Innovation Councils (SInCs) contd.
Bihar SInC’s Initiatives marked by institutionalization and inter-agency networking. e.g. TIFAC, National Resource Management Consultancy, among others. Collaboration between SInC and Bihar Innovation Forum (BIF) for identification and scale-up of rural livelihood innovations, an initiative supported by the World Bank and implemented by the Bihar Rural Livelihood Promotion Society (JEEViKA) The BIF shares innovations by private entrepreneurs, NGOs and communities, and scales them up to improve rural livelihoods. It recognizes and awards the services of the innovators by Honorable CM applications received by JEEViKA. Facilitating Interface between donor agencies and innovators. Interface between SInC and District Innovation Forum; 200 applications received from grassroot innovators Organization of Seminar on ‘Use of Nano-Science and Nano-Technology in the Management of Health, Energy and Environment’

45 Resources Centre for Innovations in Public Systems: government-innovations/ India Brand equity Foundation: Australian Government Review of National Innovation System em.aspx Ministerial report on OECD Innovation Strategy: Regional Development Agencies, UK: Public Sector Innovation Journal: Harvard Gazette: Stanford Social Innovation review: EU Innovation Strategy: _en.htm NESTA: NII Innovate America: Harvard Kennedy School Ash Centre

46 Websites & Portals Adviser to the Prime Minister: www.iii.gov.in
National Innovation Council: Expert Committee on ICT for Indian Railways: 8TxzB_Jw9zAwtnU_1wkA6zeAMcwNFA388jPzdVP1I_yhynOcFm- pE5qemJyZX6Bdl55fmOiooA2Bbbdg%21%21/dl2/d1/L0lJSklna2shL0lCakFBTXlBQkVSQ0lBISEvWUZOQTF OSTUwLXchLzdfNFVUUDFJOTMwTzJMRDBJNEFWT0JINzA4UzY%21/?WCM_PORTLET=PC_7_4UTP1I930 O2LD0I4AVOBH708S6_WCM&WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/wps/wcm/connect/ICTLibrary/EC_ICT/Home/H ome National Knowledge Commission: National Knowledge Network: Portals National Innovation Portal: India Biodiversity Portal: Teachers of India: India Environment Portal: India Energy Portal: India Water Portal: Social Media: Facebook: Infrastructure-and-Innovations/ ?v=wall Youtube:

47 THANK YOU


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