Presentation on theme: "Byzantine Empire & Orthodox Influence on Russia"— Presentation transcript:
1 Byzantine Empire & Orthodox Influence on Russia Outcome: Byzantium: The New Rome
2 SOL Standards Essential Questions Why was Constantinople established as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire?What was the influence of Justinian’s codification of Roman law on the Byzantine Empire and later legal codes?What was Justinian’s influence on the expansion of the Byzantine Empire and its economy?What were the contributions of Byzantine art and architecture?How did Greek and Roman culture survive within the Byzantine Empire?What factors produced the division within the Christian Church?Why did the Byzantine Empire have so much influence on religion, culture, and trade in Russia and Eastern Europe?
3 Byzantium: The New Rome Setting the StageDue to Germanic Invasions, the Western Roman Empire had collapsedFor nearly 1,000 years after the collapse of the Western Empire, Byzantium in the east would continue to thrive and build upon its Roman foundations
5 Byzantium: The New Rome Why was Byzantium called The New Rome?Simple: it was RomanByzantium had Roman emperors, architecture, culture, and ChristianityByzantine emperors ruled with absolute power- head of church as well as head of state.There were differences such as they spoke Greek instead of Latin
7 Byzantium: The New Rome Why was Byzantium wealthier?Byzantium was located in the middle of several trade routes that allowed it to prosperWeren’t prone to the Germanic attacks like the Western Empire
8 Byzantium: The New Rome Emperor JustinianTakes control of the Byzantium in 527 ADSet up the Justinian Code: uniform set of laws created from outdated Roman lawsContained 5,000 Roman laws still considered usefulBroken up into 4 works (The Code, The Digest, The institutes, the Novellae)Built many churches including the Hagia Sophia, hailed as the most splendid church in Christian worldPlagues and attacks cause the Byzantine Empire to fall after death of JustinianHad ABSOLUTE POWER = controlled both government and churchHe wanted a re-conquest of the Roman territories that were lost through Germanic invasions
9 Justinian Expands Trade There was a giant open-air market where shoppers could buyTin from EnglandWine from FranceCork from SpainIvory and gold from AfricaTrade routes via Black Sea and Baltic Sea
12 Byzantium: The New Rome A Christian EmpireChristianity had spread since the height of the Roman EmpireEmperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan that made Christianity legalThe Church Divides in 1054-The Great SchismRoman Catholicism in the WestServices conducted in LatinCentered in RomeThe Pope has authority of all other bishopsPriests cannot marry
13 Byzantium: The New Rome Eastern Orthodox Church in the EastServices conducted in Greek or local languagesThe Patriarch and other bishop head the Church as a groupPriests may be marriedCentered in Constantinople
14 Influence of Byzantium on Russia Adoption of Orthodox Christianity by Russia and much of Eastern EuropeUse of Icons and Mosaics (pictures made of small tiles) in public and religious structuresAdoption of Greek Alphabet for the Slavic Languages by St. Cyril (Cyrillic Alphabet)
15 Byzantium: The New Rome Result: The Roman Empire dwindled into oblivion allowing the Middle Ages to begin. However, in the east Byzantium held on for a few more centuries, which resulted in a split in Christianity and eventually would set up a bigger conflict: Christianity vs. Islam.
16 ReflectionWhich of the following does not reflect achievements of Emperor Justinian? A. Codification of laws B. Trade expansion C. Creation of Cyrillic alphabet D. Reuniting former Roman territoriesWhat language was used by the Byzantine Church? A. Latin B. Roman C. Greek D. CyrillicThe Byzantine Empire developed A. after the fall of Rome. B. after the fall of Greece. C. during the rise of Russia. D. during the rise of England.The Byzantine Empire was called the Second Rome because it preserved Roman art, literature, and Christianity among other things. What civilization called itself the Third Rome? A. England B. Russia C. The Vatican D. FranceAll of the following are characteristics of the Western Church EXCEPT: A. It was centered in Constantinople. B. Latin was the dominant language. C. The Church had tremendous political power. D. Emperors accepted authority of the Pope.
17 ReflectionWhich of the following represents the best description for the word patriarch from 300 B.C. to 100 AD? A. The head of a Seljuk Mosque B. A general opposed to influence of Islam on Christianity C. The head of the Russian government D. The head of the Byzantine ChurchChristianity in western Europe can best be classified as A. Greek Orthodox. B. Russian Christendom. C. Roman Catholic. D. Byzantine Christian.Which was NOT a disagreement over Christianity between Eastern and Western Europe? A. Authority of Pope B. Language C. Practice of celibacy D. The Bible as the basis of faithThe faith adopted by Prince Vladimir of Russia was A. Christianity. B. Islam. C. Judaism. D. Buddhism.What did Byzantine monks create to help newly converted Russians? A. Inexpensive Bibles B. The Cyrillic alphabet C. Mosques D. Hymnals