Presentation on theme: "This motto was adopted in 1782 by the Founding Fathers."— Presentation transcript:
1 This motto was adopted in 1782 by the Founding Fathers. December 9, 2013-E Pluribus Unum-”From Many One”This motto was adopted in 1782 by the Founding Fathers.Copy the motto above.What do you think the Founding Fathers were trying to say?
2 The Constitutional Convention 1787 Met in Philadelphia with George Washington as leaderThe purpose was to create a republicIn a republic the decisions rest upon the consent of the people who elect representatives9 states were needed for ratification or approvalThe Original 13 States
3 Decisions of the Constitutional Convention Federalism Throw out the Articles of Confederation and create a stronger federal or national governmentCreate a federalism, a constitutional system with powers shared between the national and state governments
4 Compromises of the Constitutional Convention The Great CompromiseBicameral LegislatureHouse of RepresentativesRepresentation based on populationSenateEach state has equal representation3/5 CompromiseDebate over counting slaves for purposes of representationEach slave counts as 3/5 of a personSlave trade will end in 1808
5 The PreambleWe the People of the United States of America, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
6 GOALS OF THE PREAMBLE PREAMBLE EXPLANATION EXAMPLES “Form a more perfect Union”Create a nation in which states work together*interstate roads*U.S. coins, paper money“Establish justice”Make laws and set up courts that are fair*court system*jury system“Insure domestic tranquilityKeep peace in the country*National Guard*Federal Marshals“Provide for the common defense”Safeguard the country against attack*Army*Navy“Promote the general welfare”Contribute to the happiness and well-being of all the people*Safety in the workplace*aid to the poor“Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity”Make sure future citizens remain free*Commission on Civil Rights*Federal Election Commission
7 The Constitution INTRODUCTION THAT STATES THE PURPOSE PREAMBLE ARTICLESPROVIDES THE STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONAMENDMENTSPROTECTS THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE
8 THE BILL OF RIGHTSMany people thought the Constitution made the government too strong and disagreed with it. They were called Anti-Federalists.Thomas Jefferson proposed adding the Bill of Rights.These 10 amendments protected the individual rights of the Americans.They guaranteed:Freedom of worship, speech and pressTrial by juryNo unusual punishmentsNo housing of soldiersRight to bear armsNo search and seizure without a court order
9 The United States Constitution Federal System of Government The Three Branches of GovernmentBalance of PowerEXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE JUDICIAL CARRIES OUT THE LAWS MAKES THE LAWS JUDGES THE LAWSPRESIDENT CABINET SENATE HOUSE OF SUPREME COURTAND REPRESENTATIVESVICE PRESIDENT
10 CHECKS AND BALANCES The constitution divides the powers given to the national government This division keeps one branch from being more powerful than another and also allows each branch to check on another’s actions and decisions.EXECUTIVE BRANCHThe President may:Pardon people convicted of federal crimesAppoints federal judgesJUDICIAL BRANCHThe Supreme Court may:Declare President’s actions unconstitutionalDeclare laws unconstitutionalThe President may:Veto laws passed by CongressCall a special session of CongressThe Supreme Court may:Declare laws unconstitutionalLEGISLATIVE BRANCHThe Congress may:Override President’s vetoRefuse to approve a treatyRefuse to approve a President’s appointmentsRemove a President from officeThe Senate and House may:Overrule decisions of the courts by proposing constitutional amendmentsMay remove federal judges
11 What part did North Carolina play? NC met in Hillsborough on July 21, 1788 and decided NOT to ratify, or approve, the Constitution. NC believed that it created a central or federal government too powerful.NC and Rhode Island decided to remain totally independent of the United States.In Fayetteville in 1789, with the promise of a Bill of Rights, NC became the 12th state to approve the Constitution.