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The Greatest writer in History.  Shakespeare: the man Shakespeare: the man  Timeline of works Timeline of works.

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Presentation on theme: "The Greatest writer in History.  Shakespeare: the man Shakespeare: the man  Timeline of works Timeline of works."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Greatest writer in History

2  Shakespeare: the man Shakespeare: the man  Timeline of works Timeline of works

3  William Shakespeare ranks as perhaps the most famous writer in the history of English literature. Shakespeare employed poetry and verse within his dramatic comedies, tragedies, and histories, and he also composed notable individual poems. His poems include a series of 154 sonnets, unusually arranged as three quatrains and a couplet; the development was original enough for it to become known as the Shakespearian sonnet. Sonnet 18 (recited by an actor) comes from The Sonnets of Shakespeare (printed in 1609).

4  Shakespeare’s birth Shakespeare’s birth  Shakespeare goes to school Shakespeare goes to school  Religion and politics Religion and politics  Shakespeare in love Shakespeare in love Main Menu

5  A complete, authoritative account of Shakespeare’s life is lacking; much supposition surrounds relatively few facts. His day of birth is traditionally held to be April 23 in Stratford- upon-Avon, Warwickshire. The third of eight children, he was the eldest son of John Shakespeare, a locally prominent merchant, and Mary Arden, daughter of a Roman Catholic member of the landed gentry. Place of Shakespeare’s birth

6  He was probably educated at the local grammar school. As the eldest son, Shakespeare ordinarily would have been apprenticed to his father’s shop so that he could learn and eventually take over the business, but according to one apocryphal account he was apprenticed to a butcher because of reverses in his father’s financial situation.

7  In recent years, it has more convincingly been argued that he was caught up in the secretive network of Catholic believers and priests who strove to cultivate their faith in the inhospitable conditions of Elizabethan England. At the turn of the 1580s, it is claimed, he served as tutor in the household of Alexander Houghton, a prominent Lancashire Catholic and friend of the Stratford schoolmaster John Cottom. While others in this network went on to suffer and die for their beliefs, Shakespeare must somehow have extricated himself, for there is little evidence to suggest any subsequent involvement in their circles.

8  In 1582 he married Anne Hathaway, the daughter of a farmer. He is supposed to have left Stratford after he was caught poaching in the deer park of Sir Thomas Lucy, a local justice of the peace. Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway produced a daughter, Susanna, in 1583 and twins—a boy and a girl—in 1585. The boy died 11 years later Anne Hathaway’s cottage

9 First PeriodSecond PeriodThird PeriodFourth Period Although the precise date of many of Shakespeare’s plays is in doubt, his dramatic career is generally divided into four periods. These divisions are necessarily arbitrary ways of viewing Shakespeare’s creative development, since his plays are notoriously hard to date accurately, either in terms of when they were written or when they were first performed. Return to Main Menu

10 Shakespeare’s first period was one of experimentation. His early plays, unlike his more mature work, are characterized to a degree by formal and rather obvious construction and often stylized verse. c. 1592 The Comedy of Errors. c. 1593 Richard III c. 1595 Love’s Labour’s Lost c. 1590 Titus Andronicus c. 1590-1592 Henry VI, Parts I, II, and III c. 1592 The Taming of the Shrew. Return to Timeline

11 Shakespeare’s second period includes his most important plays concerned with English history, his so-called joyous comedies, and two major tragedies. In this period, his style and approach became highly individualized. c. 1599 As You Like It. c. 1595 Romeo and Juliet c. 1599 Julius Caesar c. 1595-1596 A Midsummer's Night’s Dream c. 1594-1598 The Merchant of Venice c. 1598-1599 Much Ado About Nothing. Return to Timeline

12 1597-1600 (1602) The Merry Wives of WindsorThe Merry Wives of Windsor 1599-1600 (1603) HamletHamlet 1602 (1623) Twelfth Night Twelfth Night 1603 (1622) Othello Othello 1603 (1623) All's Well That Ends WellAll's Well That Ends Well 1602 (1609) Troilus and Cressida Troilus and Cressida 1603-06 (1608) King Lear King Lear 1603-06 (1623) Macbeth Macbeth 1603 (1623) Measure For Measure Measure For Measure Return to Timeline

13 1606 (1623) Antony and Cleopatra Antony and Cleopatra 1607 (1623) Coriolanus Coriolanus 1607 (1623) Timon of Athens Timon of Athens 1609-10 (1623) The Winter's TaleThe Winter's Tale 1609 (1623) Cymbeline Cymbeline 1608 (1609) Pericles, Prince of Tyre Pericles, Prince of Tyre 1611 (1623) The Tempest The Tempest 1612 (1623) Henry VIII Henry VIII 1612 (1634) The Two Noble Kinsmen The Two Noble Kinsmen EXIT

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