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Published byBethanie Amy Oliver Modified over 7 years ago
English 20-2, Independent study
Setting is defined by ◦ the time the story takes place in, ◦ the place(s) the story takes place at, ◦ the culture(s) the story revolves around. Where does the story take place? ◦ Geographical (country), urban/rural, When does the story take place? ◦ Approximate year, season, special activities (war, drought)
Does the description of the setting create a vivid mental picture for the reader? ◦ What do you see in your mind when you read about the setting? Is there any change in setting? ◦ What changes if any are happening in the setting? Do the seasons change? Are there flashbacks? How does the setting of the story affect: ◦ the general atmosphere (or mood) of the story? ◦ the outcome of the story? ◦ the plot? ◦ the character(s), and through them the tone? ◦ the emotions of the reader?
Characters come in two basic varieties ◦ flat characters do not change or develop in any way during the novel they are static. usually minor characters. ◦ Round characters are fully developed. You learn a lot about them, may change in the course of the story they are dynamic. Main characters are usually both round and dynamic. We learn about what makes them tick, their thoughts or we must assume their thoughts
Who are the main characters? Can the reader accept the characters as real people? (Are they true to life?) Does the character develop or grow as a result of the incidents in the story? Does the reader come to know the characters as individuals with unique strengths and weaknesses? Can the reader become involved in the emotions of the characters? What motivates the characters to behave as they do? Would the reader have acted in the same manner as the character?
Plot is basically the narrative of the story. It tells what happens.
Exposition: ◦ In the Exposition, action is flat (little happens) ◦ Details are provided and descriptions are used to provide background for the plot and the conflict of the story ◦ Characters are introduced and developed in the exposition
Rising Action ◦ A series of events that build the conflict of the plot. ◦ Often builds, levels off. ◦ Leads to the CLIMAX, where the conflict is resolved. ◦ Conflict – most books have one main conflict: Man against himself Man against man Man against the environment.
Denouement ◦ This happens after the climax ◦ Conflict is resolved ◦ All loose ends are cleared up ◦ Can also set the stage of a sequel.
underlying comment or idea about life can usually be stated very simply ◦ sometimes as a single word It is the main idea behind the story yet it may not be directly related to the story
What is the main idea that the author is trying to tell us about life? What is the message or moral of the novel? Have you been influenced by the novel? In what way have you been influenced by the novel? Does the theme compare or contrast with that of other literature that you have studied?
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