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Personal Health and Wellness

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1 Personal Health and Wellness
Chapter 5:  Mental and Emotional Health Lesson 5 - Mental and Emotional Problems (pp ) Lesson 6 - Help for Mental and Emotional Problems (pp ) Lesson 4 - Managing Stress (pp )

2 Personal Health and Wellness
Description: This unit will cover the importance of healthy choices on behavior, outside influences on decision making and the importance of building healthy relationships. It will also include class discussions on positive and negative stress, depression, problem solving as well as social and cultural influences.

3 Personal Health and Wellness
Essential Questions What determines a good decision? How do you recognize depression? How do peers influence your choices? Why is it important to have healthy relationships? How much stress is normal?

4 Personal Health and Wellness
Enduring Understanding Emotional disorders can be treated so that they don't become lifelong problems.    Peers can influence choices and behaviors. There are healthy and unhealthy ways to problem solve. Depression is a long-term feeling of hopelessness and sadness. There is an importance to building healthy relationships. There are different factors that influence food choices. Knowing how to interpret food labels will allow them to make healthier food choices.

5 Personal Health and Wellness
Vocabulary Adrenaline Depression Emotional Health Mental Health Negative Stress Peer Pressure Peers Positive Stress Refusal Skills Risk Behaviors Stress Management Suicide

6 Mental and Emotional Health
Going over Mental and Emotional Health Mental and Emotional Disorders When, Where, and How to get help

7 Understanding Mental and Emotional Health
When you have mental and emotional health, you get along well with others, have a positive outlook on life, and a strong interest in school. mental and emotional health The ability to handle the stress and changes of everyday life in a reasonable way When you have mental and emotional health, problems don’t get you down for long.

8 Where Mental and Emotional Health Begins
If the physical needs of food, water, rest, and a sense of safety are not met, it can negatively affect your mental and emotional health. Social needs also play an important role in your mental and emotional health. Health Triangle Mind, Brain, Thinking Social needs include the need to give and receive love, to feel recognized, and to feel connected to people you can trust. Body Physical Mental/Emotional Feelings Social Interacting with People

9 How to Build Resilience
Teens with resilience show persistence, flexibility, and strong self-confidence. resilience The ability to recover from problems or loss Resilience is like a rubber band. You can stretch it but it always snaps back into shape. Most resilient teens believe they can do something about their problems.

10 How to Build Resilience
Make positive choices for yourself. Strengthen your refusal skills. Take part in school activities that you feel can make a difference for you or others. Build strong relationships with family and friends.

11 Your Self-Concept and Self-Esteem
Your self-concept includes the way you see yourself as a student, as a friend, and a member of groups. Your self-concept is based on external input from others as well as internal thoughts and experiences. Self-esteem is part of your self-concept. High self-esteem helps you be confident around others. How would you describe yourself to someone who didn’t know you? Your answer reveals a lot about your self-concept. When you have high self-esteem, you: take responsibility for your actions. have a sense of pride in your accomplishments. are willing to take risks because you believe in yourself. are more likely to respect others and accept their differences.

12 Influences on Self-Esteem
Messages you get from your environment The media Your own attitudes and the choices you make Benefits of Self-Esteem Being optimistic is one of the benefits of having high self-esteem When you are optimistic, you are not afraid to try new activities. Even if you don’t succeed, you know you gave it your best shot. Messages you get from your environment: How people act toward you reinforces how you feel about yourself. Supportive, loving messages help build self-esteem. Critical, hurtful messages tend to break down self-esteem. The media: The media can shape a person’s self-esteem by shaping his or her ideas about how to act, what to buy, and what to wear. Remember that the media does not always present a true picture of real life. Your own attitudes and the choices you make: People who have high self-esteem think positively about themselves and their opportunities. People who have low self-esteem may send themselves negative messages that can drown out positive input from others. If you think you can’t succeed, you may not even want to try new activities.

13 Building Self-Esteem Set realistic goals.
Focus on what your are naturally good at. Ask for help when you need it. Set realistic goals: Divide your larger goals into smaller goals. You can build on each smaller success to reach your overall goal. Focus on what you are naturally good at: Work to improve your skills. Try to enjoy yourself, even when you make mistakes. This will help you develop more confidence as well as self-esteem. Ask for help when you need it: When you are learning something new, you may need help. Find someone who can help and guide you. Accept that on one is perfect: Recognize that there is always room for improvement. Identify your weaknesses without judging yourself. Try to learn from constructive feedback. Learn from mistakes. Think positively: A positive attitude will help you be more confident. Being positive helps you relate better to others. Accept that no one is perfect. Think positively.

14 Your emotions affect all sides of your health triangle.
What Are Emotions? Your emotions affect all sides of your health triangle. emotions Feelings such as love, joy, or fear

15 Mood swings are a normal part of growing up.
What Are Emotions? Mood swings happen mainly because of physical changes in the body, such as hormone levels, worries over the future, and concerns over a relationship. mood swings Frequent changes in emotional state Mood swings are a normal part of growing up.

16 Types of Emotions Happiness Sadness Anger Grief Fear Shock Bargaining
Acceptance Fear Happiness: People often feel happy when their needs are met. People who feel happy smile and have plenty of energy. They wish to share this emotion with others. Sadness: Sad feelings don’t usually last very long in people who are mentally and emotionally healthy. Anger: The key to dealing with anger is to deal with it in a healthy way so that it does not last. Fear: Fear can make it difficult for a person to take an active part in life. It is important to deal with fear in a healthy way so that it does not last long. Grief: Grief is a normal, healthy reaction to loss. You can feel grief after the death of a loved one or a the end of a relationship. There are five stages in the grieving process.

17 Managing Your Emotions in Healthful Ways
When dealing with anger, take time to cool down and think. To cope with sadness, try writing in a journal or listening to music. Try physical activity to help you focus your energy. If you are angry about a situation you can’t change, talk to a trusted adult. Think about positive feelings while you breathe deeply with your eyes closed. Managing Your Emotions

18 What Are Mental and Emotional Disorder?
There are many types of mental and emotional disorders. mental and emotional disorders Illnesses that affect a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior A person with a mental and emotional disorder may: Be sad for a long period of time Have trouble sleeping Have little interest in activities that she or he used to enjoy

19 Causes of Mental and Emotional Disorders
Physical Causes Stressors Drug use Brain chemistry Accidental injury Heredity Repeated emotional stressors such as abuse If mental and emotional disorders are identified early, they can be treated so that they don’t become lifelong problems.

20 Types of Mental and Emotional Disorders
There are many types of mental and emotional disorders including anxiety disorders and mood disorders. anxiety disorders Extreme fears of real or imaginary situations that get in the way of normal activities All mental and emotional disorders may be mild or severe. mood disorder A mental and emotional problem in which a person undergoes mood swings that seem extreme, inappropriate, or last a long time

21 Anxiety Disorders Panic disorder
People experience intense feelings of fear for a short time. The body prepares for fight or flight, even during an ordinary situation. Phobias A phobia is an exaggerated or inappropriate fear of something specific. Some phobias can interfere with normal, everyday activities. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) A person with this disorder may feel that he or she must perform a certain activity, such as washing his her hands several times. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) This disorder is a reaction to a very traumatic event. People with PTSD often have bad memories of the event for a long time.

22 Mood Disorders Depression People with this disorder feel a strong sense of hopelessness, helplessness, worthlessness, guilt, and extreme sadness. If depressed people begin to feel hopeless, they may consider ending their lives Bipolar disorder Also called manic-depression, this disorder involves extreme mood swings for no apparent reason. A person with this disorder usually experiences alternating periods of excessive activity called mania and depression.

23 Signs of Mental and Emotional Problems
Teens who experience any of these symptoms should seek help from a trusted adult right away. Loss of appetite Neglect of personal appearance Nightmares Difficulty sleeping Hearing voices Long-lasting feelings of sadness

24 What Is Suicide? If you believe that someone you know is considering suicide, talk to a trusted adult right away. suicide The act of killing oneself

25 Warning Signs of Suicide
What Is Suicide? Warning Signs of Suicide Talking about suicide Wanting to be left alone Interest in death or violence Engaging in risky behavior, such as drug use Giving away possessions Saying final goodbyes to friends and loved ones

26 Medical Treatments and Counseling
Counseling, also called therapy Medication Hospitalization Individual therapy: A person with a problem talks to a mental health professions, such as a school counselor. Conversations are private, unless the person being treated is in immediate danger or is talking about hurting someone else. Group therapy: People meet to discuss their problems and help each other. A mental health professional guides the discussion. Family therapy: Families learn how to help a family member with a mental or emotional disorder. Individual Group Family

27 Where to Find Help Resources Family or Friend Health Care Professional
Teacher Referral Religious Leader Crisis Hotline referral A suggestion to seek help or information from another person or place Crisis hotline workers protect the privacy of callers and will not ask the name of the caller.

28 What I Learned Vocabulary What is a resource?
Lesson 6 Review What I Learned Vocabulary What is a resource? Analyze Why might a person with a mental or emotional disorder fail to seek treatment? Identify What are some differences between individual and group therapy? V: A resource is a place to get information, support, and advice. A: He or she might feel ashamed or think treatment is not needed or available. I: In individual therapy, one person talks with a mental health professional. In group therapy, several people with the same disorder talk together and help each other under the guidance of a mental health professional. L: family, friends, health professionals, religious leaders, teachers, crisis hotlines List What are some resources a person could use to get help for a mental or emotional disorder?

29 Stress Management Day 3 Stress Management

30 What Is Stress? You cannot get rid of stress completely, but you can learn to deal with it effectively. stress The body’s response to real or imagined dangers or other life events Stress is an everyday experience felt by all people at all ages.

31 The two types of stress are: Positive Stress
What Is Stress? The two types of stress are: Positive Stress Distress, or negative stress An example of positive stress is when you try out for the school play. This stress makes you feel excited and ready to face a new challenge. An example of distress is when you get into an argument with a friend. positive stress Stress that can help you reach your goals distress Stress that prevents you from doing what you need to do, or stress that causes discomfort

32 Different people find different situations stressful.
What Are Stressors? Common events like being late for class or playing a solo during a concert are examples of stressors. stressors Sources of stress More significant events that cause stress might include death, divorce, a move, a serious illness, or the loss of a friendship. Different people find different situations stressful.

33 The Body’s Response to Stress
The body reacts to stress with the fight-or-flight response. fight-or-flight response The body’s way of responding to threats Your body responds to all stressors by getting ready to act by either fighting the stressor or fleeing from it.

34 The Body’s Response to Stress
As your body prepares for action against a stressor, it releases adrenaline. adrenaline A hormone that increases the level of sugar in the blood, giving your body extra energy Adrenaline increases your heart rate and blood pressure. More blood flows to your brain and muscles, which tense for action. Your breathing gets faster, and your air passages expand so you can take in more air. Your senses sharpen, making you extra aware of your surroundings.

35 The Body’s Response to Stress
After a stressful situation, you may feel fatigue. fatigue Tiredness You can relieve fatigue by sleeping or resting, stretching, and breathing deeply. Fatigue occurs because your body directed much of its energy into the fight-or-flight response.

36 Avoiding Stress You can avoid some stressful situations by planning ahead and managing your time. You can deal with unavoidable stress by being prepared for situations like taking a test. Don’t overschedule yourself with too many activities and commitments.

37 Ways to avoid/relieve stress

38 Strategies for Managing Stress
Eat nutritious foods. Stay physically active. Get enough sleep. Relax. Use your time wisely. Think positively. Talk with others. Eating right will help you feel better and give you more energy. Physical activity helps you relax and reduce tension. Most teens need at least eight hours of sleep each night to feel their best. Read a good book, listen to music, or choose another quiet activity to help you relax. Make a list of what you need to accomplish. Give yourself enough time to complete your tasks. Keep things in perspective. Focus on the positive things in your life. Other people can sometimes see solutions that you can’t. Even just talking about your problems with others can reduce stress.

39 Play C’mon 6 Stress-Related Game
Materials Needed: 1 pencil per group ½ sheet of paper for each student 1 die for each group (get from teacher) Rules: Each person receives a piece of paper. Each group will have 1 pencil and 1 die. The pencil and die should be placed in the middle of the circle. Any person in the group may be the one to start rolling the die, the object is to roll a SIX. After your roll, pass it to the person on the left and so on, around the circle, each person having a chance to roll a SIX. This continues until someone rolls a SIX… Upon rolling a SIX, that person takes the pencil and starts to put the numbers on THEIR PAPER FROM 1 TO 100.

40 Activity Day 4 You have been asked by the school counselor from Central Middle to create a brochure relating to health and wellness. Your role is to develop a brochure to help students be more aware of different topics such as positive and negative stress, mental and emotional disorders, the importance of getting help and where to get it, signs of suicide, and strategies to manage stress. The teacher, textbook, notes, and peers are great sources to help you accomplish this task. When you have accomplished this task, you will present your research to the “school counselor”.

41 Health & Wellness Brochure
Presentation Rubric Health & Wellness Brochure Category Needs Improvement (1pts) Good (2pts) Outstanding (3pts) Negative/Positive Stress Student provides one example of negative/positive stress for each- total (2) Student provides two examples of negative/positive stress -total (4) Student provides three or more negative/positive stress examples for each- total (6) Two types of Mental and Emotional Disorders and the warning signs Student provides less than two examples of the warning signs of mental and emotional disorders Student provides three-five examples of the warning signs of mental and emotional disorders Student provides all six examples of the warning signs of mental and emotional disorders When, where, and why to get help for mental and emotional problems Student will provide one example of when, where or why to seek help Student will provide two examples of when, where, and why to seek help Student will provide three examples of when, where, and why to seek help Warning Signs of Suicide Student provides one example of ways they could identify warning signs of suicide Student provides two examples of ways they could identify warning signs of suicide Student provides three examples of ways they could identify warning signs of suicide Strategies for Managing Stress Student provides two examples of ways they can manage stress in a healthy way Student provides three examples of ways they can manage stress in a healthy way

42 Presentations Day 5 Present Brochure

43 Personal Health and Wellness Review
The student will know: Negative and Positive Peer Pressure. Steps to Solving Problems. Symptoms of Depression. The Importance of Healthy Relationships. Warning Signs of Suicide Strategies for Managing Stress The student will be able to: develop a plan for utilizing problem-solving skills. create and role play various scenarios of risky influences. develop an action plan for someone thinking about suicide. make a plan for managing stress. identify resources in the community that offer counselings, therapy, and/or treatment for mental/emotional problems.

44 Bring food label from home for next class
Reminder Bring food label from home for next class

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