4 Domains There are three major domains of living organisms. Prokaryotes are those unicellular organisms that do not have a nucleus or membrane covered organelles. Further divided into:-Archaebacteria-EubacteriaEukaryotes are those unicellular and multi-cellular organisms that do have a nucleus and membrane covered organelles in their cells.
8 ProkaryotesAll of the members of Kingdom Monera were in the Domain Prokaryote.The Kingdom Monera has been replaced with Archaebacteria and Eubacteria.
9 The Domain Eukaryote includes 4 Kingdoms: Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia
10 Kingdom Protista Protists are one-or many-celled organisms. Protists live in a moist or wet environment.Some are plant-like with chlorophyll.Some are animal-like and move.AlgaeParamecium
11 Kingdom Fungi Most fungi have many cells Fungi can grow in soil, but they do not make their own food.Fungi grow best in warm, humid places.Fungi can reproduce asexually and sexually.
12 Kingdom PlantaePlant cells have cell walls and chlorophyll used for photosynthesis.Vascular plants use tube-like structures to transport water an nutrients.Nonvascular plants use other ways to move water and nutrients.
13 Non-Vascular Plants – Mosses and Liverworts Have rhizoids rather than roots.Grow in damp environments.Reproduce by spores rather than seeds.Frequently are pioneer species in an area.
14 Seedless Vascular Plants Reproduce by sporesHave vascular tissue to carry water and nutrientsFerns are the largest group – have fronds, stems, and roots.Club mosses – needle-like leavesHorsetails – hollow center
15 Seeded Vascular Plants Have leaves, stems, roots, and vascular tissue.Reproduce by seedsLeaves trap light and make food through photosynthesisStems allow movement between leaves and roots
16 Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Gymnosperms have no flowers.Have needle-like leavesConifers reproduce by male and female conesAngiosperms flower and have fruit that contain seeds.Monocots – one cotyledon for food storage in seeds.Dicots – two cotyledons inside their seeds
17 Invertebrates do not have a backbone. Kingdom AnimaliaThe Animal Kingdom consists of invertebrates and vertebrates.Invertebrates do not have a backbone.Vertebrates have a spinal cord and a backbone.Invertebrates make up the largest populations of the Animal Kingdom
18 Body SymmetryOrganisms with radial symmetry are generally circular in shape (flat or spherical). As you go out from the center in any direction, the animal is the same, like a sea star.Organisms with bilateral symmetry are generally not circular and have two sides that are the mirror image of each other like a human.Organisms that are asymmetrical have no symmetry at all.