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Curriculum and Instruction Defined Chapter 1.  Curriculum and instruction are viewed as separate but dependent concepts.  Curriculum the program  Instruction.

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Presentation on theme: "Curriculum and Instruction Defined Chapter 1.  Curriculum and instruction are viewed as separate but dependent concepts.  Curriculum the program  Instruction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Curriculum and Instruction Defined Chapter 1

2  Curriculum and instruction are viewed as separate but dependent concepts.  Curriculum the program  Instruction the method

3 A Discipline?  Contains: –An organized set of principles –A body of knowledge and skills for which training is needed –Its theoreticians and practitioners

4  “A systematic group of courses or sequences of subjects required for graduation or certification in a field of study, for example, social studies curriculum, physical education…”

5 Curriculum is a plan for learning… –Hilda Taba

6  Robert Gagne - “wove together subject matter (content), the statement of ends (terminal objectives), sequencing of content, and pre-assessment of entry skills required of students when they begin the study of the content” What it does…or should do… that is, its purpose

7 Models of Curriculum Instruction Relationship Dualistic model Interlocking model Concentric model Cyclical model

8 Curriculum as a Discipline  Significant set of principles  Borrowed constructs, principles, knowledge and skills  Specialists and new curriculum concepts (theoreticians and practitioners)

9 Principles of Curriculum Development Chapter 2

10 Education  System that changes ?  Continuous improvements?  Generally accepted principles?  Who plays significant roles?

11 Theory X, Y,Z  The leader must know: –The change process (structure, information, control methods, decision made –Have interpersonal skills (types of behavior) –Leadership skills (traits) - approaches- Traditional, monocratic bureaucratic Pluralistic/collegial –Communication skills (oral and written)

12 Terms  Curriculum development –comprehensive term that includes planning, implementation, and evaluation  Curriculum planning -preliminary phase of curriculum development -thinking or design phase  Curriculum implementation –translation of plans into action

13  Curriculum improvement –synonymous with curriculum development –Viewed as the result of development  Curriculum evaluation –Results assessed and successes of both the learners and programs determined

14 10 Axioms of Change  Inevitability of change –inevitable and necessary  Curriculum a product of its Time –reflects / a product of its time  Concurrent Changes - changes at earlier time/exist concurrently with new

15  Change in people - a result of people changing  Cooperative Endeavor - effected as a result of cooperative endeavor on part of the group

16  Decision - Making Process –basically what it is  Continuous Process –a never-ending process  Comprehensive Process

17  Systematic Development – more effective than trial and error  Starting from Existing Curriculum - planner starts from where the curriculum is/ ex. teacher starts from where students are


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