Presentation on theme: "Proposal for Post-2015 Sanitation Water and Hygiene Goal Eddy Perez, JMP sanitation working group."— Presentation transcript:
Proposal for Post-2015 Sanitation Water and Hygiene Goal Eddy Perez, JMP sanitation working group
Slide 2 The Post 2015 Targets: Fundamental considerations The Post 2015 Targets: Core principles Progressively reducing inequalities between: –Rich and poor; urban and rural; slums and formal settlements; disadvantaged groups and the general population Levels of service –Not just gaining access but moving ‘up the service ladder’ Settings beyond the household –Schools and Health Centers Sustainability –Affordability, accountability, and financial and environmental sustainability
MDGPost-2015 Halve proportion withoutUniversal basic access Households Schools Health facilities -Halve proportion without safely managed -Progressively eliminate inequalities in access between -Poor and rich -Rural and urban -Slums and formal urban settlements -Disadvantaged groups and general pop Post-2015 WASH Targets and Indicators: recommendations from international consultations What is new for Water Supply for Post 2015
MDGPost-2015 % pop using ‘improved source’ % pop using improved source with total collection 30mins or less for roundtrip including queuing % pop using improved source on premises which delivers sufficient water to meet domestic needs, meets WHO guideline values for E.coli, fluoride and arsenic, Post-2015 WASH Targets and Indicators: recommendations from international consultations Target Indicators What is new for Water Supply for Post 2015
Slide 5 Overall Sanitation Goal Everyone uses improved sanitation at home 50% of fecal sludge from households, schools and health facilities are safely managed Inequalties in access have been progressively reduced
Slide 6 What is New about Post 2015 Sanitation Goal? An equal partner with Water! Explicit focus on the poor Explicit focus on Stopping Open Defecation Shared sanitation will count Safe Management of Fecal Sludge – especially for urban poor Sustainability of sanitation services, facilities and behaviors Going beyond households to schools and health facilities
Slide 7 What does this mean for how sanitation programs are designed and implemented?
Slide 8 Source: WSP analysis based on JMP 2013 estimates 0.72%/year Universal Access Goal Globally JMP says that on average, 89 million additional people gain access per year At this rate based on historical trends, universal access will not be reached until 2063
Target 1: By 2025 no one practices open defecatio n Changing Community-Wide Behaviors and Social Norms India Community-Led Total Sanitation Behavior Change Communications + Facilitator triggering Community Ignition Formative Research Mass Media Community Events Household visits
An integrated programmatic approach to change community and household behaviors and increase access and use of sanitation facilities
Slide 11 Target 2: By 2030 all schools and health centres provide all users with adequate sanitation facilities
Slide 12 Target 3: By 2030*, everyone uses adequate sanitation at home
WC to sewer WC to sewer On-site facility Open defecation Left to overflow or abandoned Left to overflow or abandoned Safely emptied Unsafely emptied Leakage Effectively treated Illegally dumped Not effectively treated 9% 69% 9% 2% 1% 98% Treatmen t Reuse / disposal Transport Emptying Containment 2% Residential environment Drainage system Receiving waters 1% Target 4: By 2030*, unsafe excreta management is improved by 50% Dhaka: population of 7 million = 3.2 million kilos of feces/day
Slide 15 Target 5: All sanitation services are delivered in a progressively affordable, accountable, financially and environmentally sustainable manner.
Slide 16 Hygienic disposal of the stools of children under 5 Feces Disposal of Rural Children Under Five* Source: Loas MICS/DHS11-12, Cambodia DHS10, Timor-Leste DHS09-10, Philippines DHS08, Vietnam MICS10-11, Indonesia DHS12. Notes: Data not available for Papua New Guinea, and Myanmar *Data for Vietnam and Laos refers to children aged 0-2 years.
Slide 18 75 million rural individuals in EAP were defecating in the Open in 2011 Target 1: By 2025 no one practices open defecation
Slide 19 Population Access to Sanitation in Cambodia Almost 10 million people do not have improved sanitation 10 million with out Access to improved Sanitation
Slide 20 Improved Sanitation in Cambodia – NATIONAL An average of 660 thousand people need to gain access every year to sanitation to reach target by 2030 Source: WSP analysis based on JMP2014 //www.wssinfo.org/data-estimates/table///www.wssinfo.org/data-estimates/table/
Slide 21 Improved Sanitation in Cambodia – RURAL Source: WSP analysis based on JMP2014 //www.wssinfo.org/data-estimates/table///www.wssinfo.org/data-estimates/table/ 4.16%/year to reach by 2030
Sanitation in Cambodia Source: analysis of Cambodia DHS10 5.6 million people
Extreme poverty data (as of 2010) and linkage with shared prosperity
Slide 24 Trends in coverage and equality in rural sanitation – East Asia Rural sanitation %P increase in coverage* %P reduction in inequity # Philippines24%4% Indonesia22%0% Vietnam36%-16% Laos38%-50% Cambodia25%-16% Timor-Leste-6%insufficient data Myanmar29%insufficient data *Source: Cambodia DHS05&10; Indonesia DHS02-3,07,12; Laos MICS00,06,12; Philippines DHS03&08; Vietnam MICS00,06,11; # Source: JMP2014 coverage
Annual growth in access to rural sanitation at B40: Cambodia 2% of people at the B40 had access to rural sanitation in 2014 currently To reach target need: 0%/year 6.1%/year 5.6 million people who are in the poorest 40% need to gain access by 2030
Slide 26 New World Bank Dashboard: Visualize Inequality
Slide 27 Cambodia – management of children’s feces
Slide 29 Stopping Business As Usual Through systemic strengthening of the policy and sector enabling environment and improving service delivery, rates of access for improved sanitation can be accelerated.