Presentation on theme: "CAPE COMMUNICATION STUDIES Module 3 TYPES OF SPEAKING AND WRITING"— Presentation transcript:
1 CAPE COMMUNICATION STUDIES Module 3 TYPES OF SPEAKING AND WRITING
2 There are two main ways in which human beings communicate verbally, that is, through speaking and writing:SPEAKING: is the vocalized form of human communication through the use of uttered sounds for auditory communication. It is based upon the syntactic combination of lexicons and names that are drawn from very large vocabularies.WRITING: is the representation of language in a textual medium through the use of a set of signs or symbols such as letters that express some meaning.
3 SPEAKING: Oral Communication TYPES: Expository speeches, Conversations, Face –to face, Interview, Meeting, Oral Briefing, Public address, Oral Presentation, Telephone Call, Conference, Training Session etc.Advantages:Direct medium of communicationadvantages of physical proximity and usually, both sight and sound of sender and receiver; allows instant interchange of opinion, views, attitudes – instantaneous feedbackeasier to convince or persuadeAllows for contribution and participation from all present.
4 Disadvantages :More difficult to hold ground in face of oppositionmore difficult to control when a number of people take partlack of time to think things out – quality of decision making may be inferioroften no written record of what has been saidSometimes disputes results over what was agreed.
5 Provides written record and evidence of dispatch and receipt 2. WRITING: Written CommunicationTYPES: Essay, Journal, Diaries, Letter, Memorandum, Report, Abstract, minutes, Article, Press ReleaseAdvantages:Provides written record and evidence of dispatch and receiptcapable of relaying complex ideasprovides analysis, evaluation and summarydisseminates information to dispersed receiverscan confirm, interpret and clarify oral communicationsForms basis of contract or agreement.
6 Disadvantages:Can take time to producecan be expensivecommunication tends to be formal and distantcan cause problems of interpretationinstant feedback is not possibleonce dispatched, difficult to modify messageDoes not allow for exchange of opinion, views or attitudes except over a period of time.