Presentation on theme: "Italian History (slides) by F. G.. restauration Restauration of old princes after Napoleon (1815-1848), age of the Holy Alliance, first attempts of independence."— Presentation transcript:
restauration Restauration of old princes after Napoleon (1815-1848), age of the Holy Alliance, first attempts of independence
austria Austria, or the Habsburg Empire, the enemy of Italian independence, the plurinational monarchy, the catholic power prince of Metternich
Giuseppe Mazzini (1815-72), political thinker, conspirator, leader of the republican and democratic wing of Risorgimento, Founder of Giovane Italia and Giovane Europa mazzini
sardinia House of Savoy, kingdom of Sardinia, Piedmont King Carlo Alberto Turin
1848 1848, the spring of nations, the Manifesto of communists, first war of independence, the Statuto albertino in Piedmont, victory of Austria (1849), king Carlo Alberto abdicates to the throne. Karl Marx
vitt ema II Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoy (1820-1878), il re galantuomo, king of Sardinia, fist king of united Italy, hunter, lover.
cavour Camillo Benso, count of Cavour (1810-61), Piedmontese, liberal, the prime minister of Vittorio Emanuele II who united Italy war of Crimea
Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-82), the hero of the two worlds, General, patriot, republican, socialist, writer, lover, conqueror of Naples and Sicily (for the Savoy) garibaldi
1861 1860. II war of independence. The French ally. Austria defeated Italy unites. The kingdom of Italy (March 1861). Rome missing? Cavour dies Napoleon III
south The Mezzogiorno. North and South. Bandits or rebels? Garibaldi gives the South to the King of Italy
florence Florence capital of Italy (1864-70). The destra storica, a liberal ruling class Baron B. Ricasoli Marco Minghetti
1866 1866. Third war of independence. The Prussian ally. Kingdom of Prussia winner in the Austro-Prussian war. Italy defeated both at sea and on the field. Veneto to Italy. battle of Lissa battle of Custoza General La Marmora Otto von Bismarck
1870 1870. Rome to Italy. End of papal state. Napoleon III defeated by Bismarck 1871. Declaration of German Reich.
pio IX Pius IX. The prisoner Pope. The infallible Pope. The Pope of Syllabus. The enemy of Savoy and liberalism
depretis Agostino Depretis (1813-87) 1876-87. The sinistra storica to power. Trasformismo?
1882 1882. The conservative alliance. Austria, Germany and Italy. Rivalry with France on North Africa.
Francesco Crispi(1818-1901, Sicilian statesman, prime minister, former republican, crushed first social movements in Sicily, tried to conquer colonies to Italy in Africa crispi The fasci siciliani
socialism The fourth Estate / 1892: Italian socialist party
colonies Italian colonialism 1890. Erithrea and Somalia Adua 1896. Italian army defeated by ras Menelik 1911-12. Italy conquers Lybia Italy: a late joiner?
emigration End of XIX century – first decades of XX: mass emigration 1913: 900.000 left Italy to America and Europe
1898 1898. Political crisis. People killed in Milan by soldiers. 1900. King Umberto I killed by anarchistanarchist
Giovanni Giolitti. Statesman, Piedmontese, the man of compromise giolitti
industrialisation 1900-1913. Industrial Italy takes off
social unrest 1913. Universal suffrage (for men) 1914. Social unrest. The red week Gabriele DAnnunzio The vate
war 1915-18. Italy joins France and Great Britain, or the fourth war of independence.Trent and Triest. 600.000 soldiers dead
Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (1860-1952), Sicilian statesman and jurist, the president of victory. Italy triumphant but.. orlando DAnnunzio: a mutilated victory?
reds Italy 1920-21.The biennio rosso. 1921: Italian Communist Party founded Vladimir Lenin Antonio Gramsci
duce Benito Mussolini, the duce of fascism 1922. Fascism at power