Presentation on theme: "Ideas to Action Critical Thinking to Foster Student Learning and Community Engagement Patricia R. Payette, Ph.D. January 9, 2008."— Presentation transcript:
Ideas to Action Critical Thinking to Foster Student Learning and Community Engagement Patricia R. Payette, Ph.D. January 9, 2008
Ideas to Action Implementation Ideas to Action (I2A) is our Quality Enhancement Plan (QEP), and we need to show measurable progress to the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) by April 2012.
“Connecting the Dots” “Our extensive consultation with all University constituencies yielded a surprisingly strong and clear call for education focused on the skills and knowledge needed to deal with real-world issues and problems, an education in which students can see the importance of the parts (the courses) to the whole (their education as citizens and workers).” [QEP Report, 2007]
Higher Education in the 21 st Century Public accountability & SLO’s: state legislatures, accrediting bodies and other stakeholders New emphasis on intellectual, technical and practical skills UofL’s Metropolitan Mission not unusal Emphasis on “deep learning,” integrative learning, brain research, digital literacy, etc. Shifts in traditional structures and divisions in the academy
I2A: What are the components? Sharpen our existing focus on building critical thinking skills in the general education program… …..continuing through undergraduate major courses with an emphasis on applying and refining those skills… …resulting in a culminating experience, such as a thesis, service learning project, internship or capstone project that fosters engagement
Critical Thinking definition adopted for I2A (From: Scriven and Paul, 2003) Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process that results in a guide to belief and action. We need to expose the explicit assumptions of this “intellectually disciplined process”: What are the tools of each discipline? How are decisions or conclusions made? What are the “cognitive moves “or the process?
The tools for this “process” include actively and skillfully: conceptualizing applying analyzing synthesizing evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation experience reflection reasoning or communication Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process that results in a guide to belief and action.
The result: a well-cultivated critical thinker (p. 4) Raises vital questions and problems, formulating them clearly and precisely Gathers and assesses relevant information, using abstract ideas to interpret it effectively Comes to well-reasoned conclusions and solutions, testing them against relevant criteria and standards Thinks open mindedly within alternative systems of thought, recognizing and assessing, as needs be, their assumptions, implications, and practical consequences Communicates effectively with others in figuring out solutions to complex problems
8 Elements of Thought (p.5) Whenever we think: 1. We think for a purpose 2. Within a point of view 3. Based on assumptions 4. Leading to implications and consequences 5. Using data, facts and experiences 6. To make inferences and judgments 7. Based on concepts and theories 8. To answer a question or solve a problem 9 Elements of Thought Wheel
12 Paul-Elder Critical Thinking Model Intellectual Standards Elements of Thought Intellectual Traits Must be applied to to develop Clarity AccuracyPrecision SignificanceRelevance Sufficiency Logic Breadth Fairness Depth Questions PurposesInferences Points of view Information Concepts Assumptions Implications Humility Autonomy Fair- mindedness Courage Confidence in reasoning Integrity Empathy Perseverance
I2A in 2007-2008 Informational workshops Discipline-specific workshops with units Pilot Program to help faculty revise assignments and courses I2A Task Group with reps from across campus Revisiting U-wide assessment, faculty rewards, collaborations New website and other resources
What can you do? Become aware of I2A Consider areas for collaboration Try common vocabulary around critical thinking
Critical Thinking and a Common Vocabulary: “I know my students know about asking questions, analyzing data, making assumptions, understanding precision, accuracy, etc…..they just don’t understand the terminology of critical thinking and that is what they are actually doing.”
Critical Thinking Outcomes: History 304 Historical Methods – Essay Identify a problem: after determining which of the three subject areas most interests them, the student conducts preliminary reading and comes up with an unanswered question about an episode falling in the area Analyze facts of situation: the student carries out further reading in primary and secondary sources on the topic, and proposes a hypothesis that answers the question Communicate important elements: the students writes an essay proposal that introduces the question, outlines the hypothesis, and explains what sources will be used to support it
Culminating Experiences in Communication Internship Independent Study Advanced PR Advanced Advertising Senior Practicum Senior Thesis Health Communication Issues in Belize Computer Mediated Communication