We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byRoland Hampton
Modified over 5 years ago
Nucleic Acids -DNA and RNA
Function: Store and transmit hereditary informationTells cell what proteins to make
Structure A molecule of DNA or RNA is made up of millions of monomers called Nucleotides. Each nucleotide consists of: Phosphate group 5 carbon sugar Nitrogenous base
Nucleotides Phosphate Nitrogenous Base Pentose Sugar
Nucleotides Adenine Thymine Guanine Cytosine A T G CThese 4 are in DNA!
Polymers DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acid RNA - Ribonucleic AcidSugar - deoxyribose Sugar - ribose Double stranded - double helix Single stranded Stays in the nucleus Travels to cytoplasm Bases: A, T, C, G Bases: A, U, C, G
14 THE DOUBLE HELIX bases sugar-phosphate chain
DNA Structure The phosphate and sugar form the backbone of the DNA molecule, whereas the bases form the “rungs”. Backbone held together by covalent bonds. Bases held together by hydrogen bonds.
Complementary Base Pairing:Each base will only bond with one other specific base. Adenine (A) Thymine (T) Cytosine (C) Guanine (G) Form a base pair. Remember: Apple Tree Form a base pair.
DNA Structure Because of this complementary base pairing, the order of the bases in one strand determines the order of the bases in the other strand.
11 PO4 adenine cytosine PO4 thymine PO4 guanine PO4 PO4
Introduction to DNA
AP Biology Nucleic acids AP Biology Nucleic Acids.
Nucleic Acids Hereditary Material. Nucleic Acids VI. nucleic acids transmit hereditary information by determining what proteins a cell makes A. two classes.
SBI 3C1. Nucleic Acids Associated with genetic/hereditary information There are 2 different types of nucleic acids: 1. DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acid.
Family Resemblances Why do siblings often look alike?
Biology 107 Macromolecules III September 10, 2002.
Biology 107 Macromolecules III September 11, 2002.
DNA Structure The Genetic Material.
Nucleic Acids Nucleic Acid Basics Contain instructions to build proteins 2 types: – DNA – RNA Composed of smaller units called nucleotides – Monomer:
Structure of DNA. Function of DNA DNA is the genetic material of the cellDNA is the genetic material of the cell The structure of DNA must allow:The structure.
Objective: Understand the function of DNA
DNA. Nucleic Acids Informational polymers Made of C,H,O,N and P No general formula Examples: DNA and RNA.
Make-up Nucleic acids form DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid) Nucleic acids are polymers, made up of smaller monomers called nucleotides.
Chap. 10 : Nucleic Acids & Protein Synthesis I. DNA – deoxyribonucleic acid - function – store and use information to direct activities of the cell and.
Regents Biology Nucleic Acids Information storage.
DNA: Structure. DNA Structure and Purpose In simplest terms, DNA is a blueprint for life. It is made up of genes which hold the information for making.
NUCLEIC ACIDS P GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS MADE UP OF C, H, O, N, AND P A NUCLEOTIDE MONOMER : THAT INCLUDES A 5 CARBON SUGAR, A NITROGEN BASE AND.
Macromolecules Part IV: Nucleic Acids Informational molecules.
© 2020 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.