Presentation on theme: "RELIGIOUS PLURALISM IN THE UNITED STATES By: Patrick Okafor Denise Lloyd Alvin Knight."— Presentation transcript:
RELIGIOUS PLURALISM IN THE UNITED STATES By: Patrick Okafor Denise Lloyd Alvin Knight
DEFINITION OF RELIGION Problems with definitions: Some exclude beliefs and practices that many people passionately defend as religious. Some definitions equate "religion" with "Christianity." Some define "religion" in terms of "the sacred" and/or "the spiritual."
Religion is any specific system of belief about deity, often involving rituals, a code of ethics, a philosophy of life, and a worldview.
COMPONENTS OF RELIGION CREED CODE CULTS COMMUNITY
RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Agnosticism Atheism Asatru Baha’i Faith Baptist Buddhism Christianity Confucianism Hinduism Humanism Islam Judaism Lutheran Native American Spirituality Protestants Satanist Scientology Sikhism Taoism Unitarian UniversalismUniversalism Wicca Zoroastrianism
ETHICS OF RECIPROCITY "Every religion emphasizes human improvement, love, respect for others, sharing other people's suffering. On these lines every religion had more or less the same viewpoint and the same goal." The Dalai Lama
Top Ten ORGANIZED Religions in the United States, 2001 [Nonreligious, Atheist, Agnostic have been dropped from this list.] Religion 2001 Est. Adult Pop. 2004 Est. Total Pop. % of U.S. Pop., 2001 Christianity159,030,000224,437,95976.5% Judaism2,831,0003,995,3711.3% Islam1,104,0001,558,0680.5% Buddhism1,082,0001,527,0190.5% Hinduism766,0001,081,0510.4% Unitarian Universalist629,000887,7030.3% Wiccan/Pagan/Druid307,000433,2670.1% Spiritualist116,000163,7100.05% Native American Religion103,000145,3630.05% Baha'i84,000118,5490.04%
First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution Guarantees: A Wall of separation between church and state Freedom of adults to follow their own religious path without oppression or discrimination
RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE Religious tolerance means: To extend religious freedom to people of all religious traditions, even though you may disagree with their beliefs and/or practices. Religious tolerance does not require you: To accept all religions as equally true.
RELIGIOUS FREEDOM Religious freedom means that you can: Without oppression, believe, worship and witness (or practice freedom from belief, worship and witness), as you wish Change your beliefs or religion Associate with others to express your beliefs.
RELIGIOUS AWARENESS Study of the world's religions will lead to an understanding of religious diversity. This understanding will lead to inter-religious dialogue. Dialogue will lead to peace among religions. Peace among religions will lead to peace among nations." www.religioustolerance.org
RELIGION AND Sexuality Commonalties among monotheistic religions Sexuality as a gift of God Condemnation of uncontrolled expression Sexuality in marriage Sex education Violence Fertility
RELIGION AND Sexuality differences among monotheistic religions Marriage Celibacy
RELIGION AND PUBLIC SCHOOL Religion and Prayer Censorship School Vouchers
References "Major Religions of the World, Ranked by Number of Adherents," at: http://www.adherents.com/http://www.adherents.com/ http://altreligion.about.com/library/glossary/blsymbols.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/28505/articles.html?tqskip1=1 Religious Diversity and American Religious History, Conser, Walter H. Jr. and Twiss, Sumner B. University of Georgia Press, Athens 2001 A Beginners Guide To Religion, Forward, Martin. One World Publications, Oxford, England 2001 “Exploring Society – Social Institutions: Religion, Family and Economics” a film by Ken Harrison, Dallas Tele- Learning http://www.religioustolerance.org
References Multicultural Education in a Pluralistic Society, Gollnick, Donna M. and Chinn, Philip C. Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall, Columbus, Ohio. Film Clip - In God We Still Trust (3:34) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_W-9tn2bLkU Film Clip - Rejected By Religion (0:26) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZmFDLdCO7iM http://www.tolerance.org