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Harlem Renaissance 1920’s Chapter 7 - Section 3.

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Presentation on theme: "Harlem Renaissance 1920’s Chapter 7 - Section 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Harlem Renaissance 1920’s Chapter Section 3

2 Overview The New York City neighborhood of Harlem became the epicenter for the flowering of African American literature, music, and art – a development known as the “Harlem Renaissance”. New forms of music such as Jazz, Blues, and Ragtime developed. African American authors began writing about defiance and contempt for racism. The “Great Migration” led to changes in voting patterns and created political gains for African Americans. The NAACP worked to end segregation and discrimination while a new movement spurred by Marcus Garvey instilled black pride, culture and hope for the future of African Americans.

3 Great Migration After WWI - many African Americans moved North
Find work, escape segregation, better life Termed “Great Migration”

4 Harlem Renaissance African Americans flocked to Harlem
Epicenter for arts, writing, music, & theater Became known as “Harlem Renaissance”

5 Jazz & Blues Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington Bessie Smith

6 Cotton Club Major hotspot during Harlem Renaissance

7 Louis armstrong From New Orleans
Introduced a new music called “Jazz”, blend of Ragtime & Dixieland music Became first great trumpet soloist Music sample

8 Duke Ellington Played in many speakeasies / clubs
Band was a large orchestra / various instruments / Very unique sound music sample

9 Bessie Smith Empress of the blues Strong voice
sang of love, poverty, & oppression music sample

10 Black votes The Great Migration had major impact on elections
Votes able to sway elections Elected Oscar DePriest

11 Oscar DePrist First African American elected to congress
Laws for pensions for former enslaved African Americans Declared Lincoln's Birthday a National Holiday

12 NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Goal: fight segregation and lynching Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill in 1920 Senate denied anti- lynching bills NAACP

13 Marcus Garvey Believed in “Negro Nationalism” (to glorify black culture & history) Founded UNIA - United Negro Improvement Assn. Goal: African Americans could gain independence if they got an education Believed African Americans would never find justice in America Proposed a “Back to Africa” movement Movement failed but inspired many

14 Questions????

15 Classwork Section 3 Assessment p.431. Questions 5,6,7,8,9
Write out Questions!!!

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