Presentation on theme: "Geography Skills Is the Earth flat?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Geography Skills Is the Earth flat? How do you know whether it is or isn’t?Who made the first map? Or globe?What do maps show us?Earth’s surface, political borders, population, geography, ect.
2 Latitude and Longitude GeographyClick on Map. It is a video from DC. Latitude and longitude; grids; time zonesLatitude and Longitude
3 How is the Earth Broken Down? HemispheresWhat is a hemisphere?How many?What are they?Which oceans are located in the Western?Imaginary lines to divide the Earth into sections.Hemi=halfSphere=circle
4 Latitude The starting point for measuring latitude is the equator Latitude lines are also known as parallels.Latitude lines are measured north and south from the equator, which is located at 0 degrees.
5 Latitude Discuss with your group. There are 90 degrees from the equator to the North Pole and 90 degrees from equator to the South Pole.If latitudinal lines range from 0-90 how do they increase?Discuss with your group.
6 Lines of Latitude or Parallels Lines of latitude or parallels go around the globe.These lines are sometimes referred to as “flatitudes” because these lines lay flat on the map or globe.The equator is the “earth’s belt”.
7 LongitudeThe staring point for measuring longitude is the Prime Meridian
8 Longitude Longitude lines are also known as meridians. Lines of longitude are measured in degrees (east and west) of the Prime Meridian, which is 0 degrees longitude.When travelers cross this line they change the date ahead or back. What line is it?
9 Lines of LongitudeLines of Longitude or meridians go up and down the globe.They go they go the “long way” (“long”-itude).How do longitudinal lines increase?
10 More NotesWe use Latitude (parallels that go around the globe) and Longitude (meridians that go up and down the “long” way to find specific places in the world. These places are called exact locations.
11 Exact LocationsWhen we write exact locations or points, we always write latitude first!!We always write either a N or a S to show direction from the equator.Remember LA- Latitude comes before LO- Longitude.Longitude is written second we write E or W to show direction from the Prime Meridian.
12 Practice Exact Locations 30 S, 120 E60 N, 90 E0 , 60 W30 N, 150 W0, 0Where are these locations?
15 Map Skills 1. Cardinal Directions- North, South, East and West 2. Intermediate Directions- NE, SW, NW and SE3. Compass Rose- drawing that shows direction4. Label compass roseCreate your own compass rose for homework.
16 Map Skills5. A map Scale tells how much smaller the distance on a map is compared to the actual distance.6. Symbol- stands for something else7. A map Key tells what they symbol on a map stands for.8. Some maps use locators to show where the subject area of the main map.Let’s practice in your book.
17 Types of Maps9. Political Maps- shows information such as countries, states and cities.10. Physical Maps- shows Earth’s natural featuresElevation maps show the height of land above sea level.Relief maps show changes in elevation
18 Types of Maps12. A Historical Map shows information about the past or where past events took place13. Distribution map shows how things such as language, religion etc. are distributed throughout an area. These are also called special purpose or thematic maps.
19 Maps What do we mainly use today? List as many uses for these “new maps”. Disadvantages as well.Be ready to list and explain.Be able to identify all aspects of a map, find map scale, and types of maps. You will use these skills all year long.
20 HOMEWORKFind latitude and longitude on the map provided.