Presentation on theme: "Media ownership and control of the mass media – the next 6 weeks"— Presentation transcript:
1 Media ownership and control of the mass media – the next 6 weeks Who owns the media?Private and state ownership.Trends in ownership – UK and globally.Government controls.Ideological role of the media – Marxist and Neo-Marxist views.Functionalist and Pluralist analysis of media ownership.
2 This will culminate in a mock trial This will culminate in a mock trial. Plumstead’s very own Levason InquiryWatch this….The class will be split into two opposing teams of lawyers. Over the next 4 weeks we will be gathering lots of information around the intellectual arguments on media ownership. You must use this information to inform your firms attack/defence.This will culminate in a mock trial – where the influence of media ownership will be scrutinised by the two sides.The simple charge is… “do modern media companies have too much power?”
3 Who controls the media?LI: to be able to identify the breadth and depth of media ownership.LO: Media conglomerates poster
6 There are six major global media conglomerates. TASKVivendi UniversalTime WarnerNews CorporationDisneyViacomBartelsmannIn small groups research each company and answer these questions:What types of media does it own?In how many countries does it operate?How much revenue does it make?
9 Ownership and controlSome sociologist have expressed concerns about recent trends in media ownership and control.The number of media outlets available to the general public has increased dramatically (increased in the TV choice and the birth of the internet),All these changes in the in the availability of media seem to imply a greater degree of choice however some sociologist argue that this might just an illusion
10 Concentration of ownership - Bagdikian (2003) In 1983, 50 corporations controlled the vast majority of all news media in the USA,In 1992, 22 companies owned 90 percent of the media,He argues that if the USA media were owned by separate individuals there would be owners.“this gives each of the five corporations and their leaders more communications power than was exercised by any despot or dictatorship in history.”
11 Concentration of media ownership 4 distinct features:Ownership within a single medium e.g. Company owning several newspapers,Owners have an interest in a range of media such as newspapers, magazines, book publishing, the film industry,Ownership is international: owners have media interest in many different countries,Media conglomerates: companies that have a range of interest in a wide rage of interest in a wide variety of products besides the media. For example Virgin also has an airline, train company, soft drinks, mobiles phones etc...
12 Horizontal Integration AKA cross media ownership which refers to the fact that bigger media companies often have a diverse range of media (NewsCorp)Newspapers,TV,Film,
13 Vertical IntegrationSome media companies are increasingly trying to control all aspects of their industry in order to maximise their profits.E.g. Time Warner makes its own films and distributes them to its own cinema complexesVertical integration therefore gives the media companies greater control over their operating environment.
14 DiversificationAKA as lateral expansion and occurs when firms diversify into new business areas to spread risks.Losses into one area may be compensated by profits in another (Virgin Media)
15 Global conglomerations Media companies have taken advantage of the erosion of traditional boundaries surrounding media markets.Globalisation has opened up national markets and has created international competitions between media companies.E.g.NewsCorp – owns newspapers in Australia, the UK and the USA.
16 SynergyMedia companies are using different interests to package their products in several different waysE.g. Spiderman 2 was not only a movie but also a soundtrack, ringtone, computer game, toy action figures, etc...Very often the media company producing the film also own the companies that produce the music and computer game (franchise)
17 Who owns what in the UK?Read through table 3.2 on page 203. What does this show us about print media ownership in the UK?Write down two reasons why the concentration of ownership of the mass media might be of concern in a democracy ?
18 Broadcast media ownership in the UK Broadcasting media – ITV Plc (owns 11 of 15 regional commercial television franchise),NewsCorp (Rupert Murdoch) – BSkyBVirgin Media (Richard Branson)Channel 4Channel 5 (Northern and Shell Media, Richard Desmond)BBC – Public Service Broadcaster
19 Design a conceptual poster highlighting media ownership in the UK Design a conceptual poster highlighting media ownership in the UK. Think about how much companies own and try to represent this. Use the laptops and text book to research figures, e.g. viewing/readership, revenue, percentage of marketNEWSCORPC5Virgin MediaDAILY MAIL TRUSTC4SKYBBCTRINITYMIRROR