Latin America is divided into 3 Regions: Mexico and Central America The Caribbean South America
This is Latin America. Latin America is NOT a continent. Latin America is NOT a country. Latin America IS a cultural Region.
Latin America lies between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Both oceans are important trade routes for Latin America. The Caribbean Sea is another important body of water in Latin America. ATLANTIC OCEAN PACIFIC OCEAN CARIBBEAN SEA
Gulf of Mexico Body of water Bordered by the US to the north, 5 Mexican states to the south, and Cuba to the east
La Cordillera La Cordillera is the main mountain chain extending from the Rocky Mountains in Canada and the United States, through the Sierra Madres in Mexico and Central America, and along the western coast of South America. In South America, these mountains are known as the Andes. Rocky Mountains Sierra Madres Andes
Sierra Madre Mountains Mountain system in Mexico Three major chains: the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west, the Sierra Madre Oriental in the east, and the Sierra Madre del Sur, which extends along the southern coast –The Sierra Madre range contains some of the highest mountains and volcanoes in Mexico.
SIERRA MADRES SIERRA MADRES EAST SIERRA MADRES WEST In Mexico the Sierra Madres mountains split into the Sierra Madre West and Sierra Madre East.
Panama Canal canal across the isthmus of Panama in Central America –Major “shortcut” that allows ships to travel between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans handles a large volume of world shipping and enables vessels to avoid traveling around South America, reducing their voyages by thousands of miles and many days. –Consists of artificially created lakes, channels, and a series of locks, or water-filled chambers, that raise and lower ships through the mountainous terrain of central Panama
Caribbean Sea Surrounds the islands of the West Indies East of Central America A major trade route for Latin American countries A popular tourist area— noted for its mild tropical climate and beautiful waters
South America—Water Rivers serve as natural highways where it’s hard to build roads –provide food and hydroelectric power Amazon River—2 nd largest river in the world (1 st --Nile River) –4,000 miles from Peru across to Atlantic Ocean –Contains 20% of all fresh water in the world!
AMAZON RIVER The Amazon is the largest river in the world. It begins in the Andes Mountains in Peru and flows east across Brazil. It is 4,000 miles long.