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Maine’s Health Sector and Workforce Trends-Projections-Challenges June 13, 2013 Paul Leparulo, CFA Principal Economic Research Analyst.

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Presentation on theme: "Maine’s Health Sector and Workforce Trends-Projections-Challenges June 13, 2013 Paul Leparulo, CFA Principal Economic Research Analyst."— Presentation transcript:

1 Maine’s Health Sector and Workforce Trends-Projections-Challenges June 13, 2013 Paul Leparulo, CFA Principal Economic Research Analyst

2 Sector overview & trends Factors affecting workforce supply and demand Workforce development challenges

3 Healthcare & Social Assistance is Maine’s largest economic sector, in terms of number of jobs and wages paid. (Maine employment mix by sector, 2011)

4 Maine Health Sector Employment 62,000 health occupational workers ▫85% employed in health sector ▫Healthcare practitioners ▫Healthcare support workers

5 Maine’s health sector has been a consistent and significant producer of jobs. (Healthcare & Social Assistance Employment, 1990-2011)  80% growth in jobs 

6 From 2001-2011, Maine’s health sector generated more jobs than all other job producing sectors, combined. (Change in employment by sector, 2001-2011)

7 Hospitals have been the predominant driver of sector employment growth over the last ten years. (Contribution to health sector employment growth, 2001-2011)

8 Employment in health occupations expanded during a period when overall statewide employment contracted. (Change in employment, 2001-2011)

9 Growth in healthcare occupations was broad based, and strong. (Change in employment, 2001-2011) Bubble size represents 2011 employment

10 Strong employment growth has helped sustain Maine’s relatively high numbers of healthcare workers per population compared to the nation. (Healthcare practitioners and support workers per 1,000 population)

11 As a proportion of private sector employment and wages, Maine’s health sector is the largest in the nation. (Health sector employment as a percent of statewide employment, 2010) Median age of state population, rank (2010): 1.ME 2.VT 3.WV 4.NH 5.FL 6.PA 7.CT 8.MT 9.RI 10.MA

12 Going forward, healthcare is expected to remain as a key driver of statewide employment growth. (Employment projections, 2010-2020) ▫Health sector employment growth ~16% (est.)  Growth rate and number of new jobs projected to be among the highest of all sectors.  Hospital employment expected to increase 30%. ▫Health occupational employment growth ~17% (est.)  ~11,000 new jobs  Nearly half of the 40 occupations with the fastest projected rate of job growth in Maine are health occupations.

13 2000- 2010 27% Increase +13,000 New Jobs 2010- 2020 est. 17% Increase +11,000 New Jobs However, industry and occupational growth rates are slowing compared to prior years.


15 Americans Cut Back on Visits to Doctor, July 29, 2010 Americans Cutting Back on Drugs and Doctor Visits, April 4, 2012 Nursing News Nurses Continue to Delay Retirement, June 10, 2011 ‘Huge Increase’ in U.S. Workers Delaying Retirement, February 2013

16 An aging population will cause the demand for health workers to increase, all else constant.

17 Segments of the population that consume the greatest amount of healthcare (per person) are expected to grow rapidly, while other age cohorts are expected to decline. (Maine Age Group Projections, 2010-2030)

18 The percent of the population above 65 years is expected to grow more rapidly in Maine than the nation. (Percent of Population Above 65 Years, 2010 and Projected 2030)

19 Population growth—another fundamental driver of demand for health services—is projected to be much lower in Maine than for the nation. (2010-2030 Population growth projections) Source: US Census, Governor’s Office of Policy and Management, CWRI

20 In addition to population demographics and growth, a range of other factors will contribute to new job opportunities for health workers. New Job Opportunities Changes in technology, insurance, etc. Health of population Economic growth

21 New Growth +11,000 Replacement needs Total Job Openings Job openings are a function of new growth and replacement demand Population demographics Economic & Income Growth Changes in technology Health of population Workforce demographics Worker preferences Changes in insurance coverage

22 A meaningful portion of Maine’s health workforce is nearing the age of retirement, creating a sizable need for replacement workers in coming years. (Percent of workforce over the age 55) 2006-2010 ACS

23 New Growth: +11,000 Replacement Needs: +11,500 Total Projected Job Openings ~22,500 Over half of the job openings in health occupations over the next decade will result from the need to replace workers that are retiring or permanently leaving the occupation. ( Projected Healthcare Job Openings, 2010-2020)


25 “Due to the data currently available, it is difficult to offer both a complete forecast of the nation’s health care workforce supply and assess its adequacy for meeting the demand for services in coming years.” The Complexities of National Healthcare Workforce Planning, Bipartisan Policy Center Deloitte Center for Health Solutions

26 Licensure/survey information Quantifying skills gaps Silos of data Forecasting challenges Data Issues: Data suppression/workforce distribution

27 The complexities of forecasting workforce supply and demand Source: Center for Health Workforce Studies Conceptual Model of Factors Affecting State RN Supply in One Year


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