Land Resources and Conservation How Do We Use Our Public Lands?
Table of Contents Introduction What are Public Lands? Multiple Use Lands - National Resource Multiple Use Lands – Forest System Moderately Restricted Use – National Wildlife RefugesModerately Restricted Use – National Wildlife Refuges Restricted Use Lands – National Park System Restricted Use Lands – Wilderness Areas Importance of Public Lands The End
Introduction Think of something (not someone) that is very important to you --- Car, book, baseball glove, etc. Now imagine that you have to choose someone to take care of your favorite thing. What characteristics would you want that person to have?
What are Public Lands? Public lands are natural areas in the United States that are managed by the government. Most federally owned land is in Alaska and 11 western states. ¾ of this land is in Alaska. There are three types of public lands 1. multiple use 2. moderately restricted-use 3. restricted-use lands
Multiple Use Lands National Resource Lands Used for domestic supply of energy and minerals, rangelands for livestock grazing under a permit system. Managed by: Bureau of Land Management (BLM)Managed by: Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
Multiple Use Lands National Forest System Includes forest and grasslands Used for logging, mining, livestock grazing, farming, oil and gas extraction, recreation, sport hunting, sport and commercial fishing Managed by U.S. Forest ServiceManaged by U.S. Forest Service
Moderately Restricted Use Lands National Wildlife Refuges Used for sport hunting, sport and commercial fishing, oil and gas development, mining, logging, grazing some military activities, and farming Managed by: U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceManaged by: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Restricted Use Lands National Park System Recreation areas monuments, memorials, battlefields Uses include: National Parks: camping, hiking, sport fishing and boating. Motor vehicles permitted only on roads National Recreation Areas: same as above plus sport hunting, mining, oil and gas drilling Managed by: National Park Service Managed by: National Park Service
Restricted Use Lands Wilderness Areas Areas not greatly disturbed by human activities. Used for hiking sport fishing, camping, nonmotorized boating, sport hunting and horseback riding Managed by: National Park Service, US Forest Service, Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management depending on where the wilderness is located.National Park ServiceUS Forest Service, Fish and Wildlife Service Bureau of Land Management
Practice Which of the following is managed on a multiple-use basis? a. national wildlife refuges b. national wilderness areas c. national parks d. national resource lands
Importance of Public Lands List reasons why you think public lands are: –Ecologically important –Economically important –Aesthetically important.
Current Land Use in the U.S. About 55% of the land in the U.S. is privately owned by citizens, corporations, and nonprofit organizations. About 35% is owned by the federal government About 7% is owned by state and local governments About 3% is owned by Native American tribes
Ecological Integrity The conditions and natural processes (energy flow, matter cycling, species interactions) that generate and maintain biodiversity and allow evolutionary change as a key mechanism for adapting to changes in environmental conditions. Every country and region has 3 forms of wealth: Material, Cultural, and Biological Ecological health: the degree to which a n area’s biodiversity and ecological integrity remain intact.
3 Forms of Wealth Every country and region has 3 forms of wealth: Material, Cultural, and Biological Ecological health: the degree to which a n area’s biodiversity and ecological integrity remain intact.
Class Assignment Reading Guide for Chapter 1 2 Complete the reading guide as your read through Chapter 12.