We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published bySheryl Stevens
Modified over 6 years ago
European integration 1www.ecb.europa.eu © Progress of European integration 1952ECSC European Coal and Steel Community 1958 EEC and EURATOM European Economic Community European Atomic Energy Community 1967 EC European Communities 1993 EU European Union (Maastricht Treaty) 1998ECB Founding of the European Central Bank 2009 EU Treaty of Lisbon
European integration 2www.ecb.europa.eu © 1952Belgium Germany France Italy Luxembourg Netherlands 1973 Denmark Ireland United Kingdom 1981 Greece 1986 Spain Portugal 1995 Austria Finland Sweden Enlargement of the European Union 2004 Czech Rep. Estonia Cyprus Latvia Lithuania Hungary Malta Poland Slovenia Slovakia 2007 Bulgaria Romania 2013Croatia FI BE LU NL DE FR ES PT GR IT AT SL MT BG RO HU PL CZ SK EE LV LT SE DK UK IE CY HR
European integration 3www.ecb.europa.eu © 1969Barre Plan 1970 Werner Report on economic and monetary union 1979 EMS European Monetary System 1986 Single European Act Preparation of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) 1988Delors Report 1998 Founding of the ECB 1999/2002 Introduction of the euro
European integration 4www.ecb.europa.eu © Three stages to Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) 1 January 1999 Irrevocable fixing of conversion rates, ECB responsible for monetary policy 1 January 1994 Establishment of the European Monetary Institute, the ECB’s predecessor 1 July 1990 Abolition of all restrictions on the movement of capital 1 January 2002 Introduction of euro banknotes and coins 1 2 3
European integration 5www.ecb.europa.eu © Convergence criteria Economic and Monetary Union Interest rate convergencePrice stability Exchange rate stability Public finance discipline
European integration 6www.ecb.europa.eu © EU Member States which have adopted the euro Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) EU Member States with a special status EU Member States with a derogation FI BE LU NL DE FR ES PT IT AT SL MT BG RO HU PL CZ SK EE LV LT SE DK UK IE CY GR HR
European integration 7www.ecb.europa.eu © Benefits of the euro Removal of transaction costs Security of purchasing power Elimination of exchange rate risks Price transparency € € € € € €
European integration 8www.ecb.europa.eu © Integration of financial markets, financial infrastructures and financial institutions Financial integration of the euro area results in economies of scale, larger variety of financial products at lower cost enhances transmission of monetary policy impulses contributes to safeguarding of financial stability and smooth operation of payment systems
European integration 9www.ecb.europa.eu © Key characteristics of the euro area Sources: for euro area and EU: ECB, Eurostat, national sources, IMF, World Bank and ECB calculations; for the United States, Japan and China: national sources, IMF, World Bank and ECB calculations. It covers data for the 19 countries in the euro area (i.e. including LT), EU-28 (i.e. including Croatia) and data for 2013 for all countries. The new ESA2010/SNA2008 methodology has been used except for Japan, which still uses the old SNA93. * Purchasing Power Standards (PPSs) in euro, calculated on the basis of PPP rates relative to the euro area (Euro 19 = 1). Total population (millions) GDP (PPP*, € trillions) GDP per capita (PPP*, € thousands) Share of world GDP (PPP*, %) Exports (goods and services, % of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross saving (% of GDP) Reference year: 2013 339 9.9 29.3 12.1 25.8 19.5 21.8 508 14.0 27.4 17.1 17.8 19.2 20.3 317 13.1 41.2 16.5 13.6 18.9 18.1 127 3.6 28.2 4.5 17.0 21.7 21.8 1,361 12.5 9.2 15.9 25.4 47.8 49.7 € -19EU-28
THE EUROPEAN UNION How did Europe transition from a period of conflict to a period of sustained peace?
First, I’ll read the slides Second, I’ll check understanding and vocabulary Finally, you’ll do some exercises in your notebook.
EMU and the euro... (for dummies?) Presentation by Nigel Nagarajan Faculty Orientation for the 2009 Euro Challenge New York, November 25 th 2008 The 2009.
EMU and the euro... (for dummies?) Presentation by Nigel Nagarajan Student Orientation – 2009 Euro Challenge Miami-Florida European Union Center of Excellence.
Can financial services in developed countries remain on a long-term basis within postal organizations or is separation inevitable? TIP Conference, ,
An emerging political system?
COMENIUS PROJECT Building the future on the foundations of the past : comparing local architecture EUROPEAN UNION HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY AND MORE.
Cancer inequalities in Europe Kielce, Polish conference on cancer, 13/15 June 2011 Dr. Andrea Micheli Director Descriptive Study and Health Planning Unit.
AGRI-MIGRATION WEBSITE A webpage for Migrant Workers inside
Timeline of the European Union
1 Survey Data in ECA : Frequency, Coverage, Consistency and Access By Victor Sulla ECS-PE.
Reichstag, 1945 Frankfurter Allee, 1945 A Climate for Radical Change:
Lecturer: Miljen Matijašević Session 4, 31 Mar 2015.
European Union The Gay Perspective SCOREBOARD V 2.0.
European Union The Block Besir Besler Maxime Vignon.
Directive 95/50/EC TDG Checks Application of Annexes Erkki Laakso EUROPEAN COMMISSION DG ENERGY & TRANSPORT TDG Checks Riga June 2006.
Date: in 12 pts Education and Culture International mobility for students and staff 2015 Call for Proposals.
ENLARGEMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. The Founding Members European Coal and Steel Community Proposed by Schuman for peace in 1950 Formally established.
From Europe to Euro Elisabeth Prugl, Co-Director Miami-Florida European Union Center of Excellence.
© 2021 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.