Presentation on theme: "What is Appalachian Compact? A compact formed by Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware and West Virginia under the terms of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste."— Presentation transcript:
What is Appalachian Compact? A compact formed by Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware and West Virginia under the terms of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of Exclusionary Authority Regional Facility
Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) Classification NRC regulations (10 CFR Part 61) has specified a waste classification system for LLRW There are three (3) classes of LLRW: Class A, Class B and Class C The majority of LLRW is Class A waste
Table 1 Radionuclide Concentration, curies per cubic meter C C-14 in activated metal Ni-59 in activated metal Nb-94 in activated metal Tc I Alpha emitting transuranic nuclides with half-life greater than 5 years Pu Cm *100 *3,500 *20,000 *Units are nanocuries per gram
Table 2 Radionuclide Concentration, curies per cubic meter Col. 1Col. 2Co.3 Total of all nuclides with less than 5 year half-life H Co Ni Ni-63 in activated metal Sr Cs * * *There are no limits established for these radionuclides in Class B or C wastes.
Status of Commercial LLRW Disposal Facilities 1.Barnwell Disposal Facility in South Carolina Accepts Class A, B and C wastes Closed to out-of-compact (Atlantic Compact) waste in July Energy Solutions (formerly Envirocare) facility in Utah Accepts Class A waste from the entire nation except the Northwest and Rocky Mountain compacts Not a Regional Facility 3.Richland Facility in Washington Accepts Class A, B, and C wastes from the Northwest and Rocky Mountain Compacts Accepts radium sources from other compacts including the Appalachian Compact
Closure of Barnwell and Survey of Appalachian Compact LLRW Generators Conducted a survey of all LLRW generators Only 29 out of 122 generators responded will be affected On-site storage capacity varies from 5 yrs. (Government) to 20 yrs. (Medical) No immediate adverse impact on the generators
Key Issues-Future of LLRW Management and Disposal Will commercial disposal capacity be available for Class B and C wastes? Will Texas approve WCS application for a LLRW disposal facility? Will Class B and C generators have access to DOE facilities? Is central processing, packaging and storage a viable option? Will NRC provide additional disposal flexibility via guidance or rulemaking ? Can the use of RCRA facilities be expanded? Will there be new legislation to address this issue?
Industrys Approach to Address Class B and C Waste Management and Disposal Issues Ensure Safe and Secure Storage of Waste Develop operational strategies to minimize B and C wastes Investigate and identify additional disposal options and flexibility for B and C wastes
Highlights of NRC Regulatory Issue Summary For Extended Interim Storage of LLRW RIS Summary of Issues: Storage is not a substitute for disposal Waste should be stored in a form suitable for disposal Stored waste packages should be protected from elements and from extremes of temperature and humidity Storage should occur in an area that allows for ready visual inspection on a routine basis
Highlights (cont.) Consider a real-time waste tracking system that allows the location of specific package(s) during emergencies Evaluate the potential for deterioration of waste packages and be prepared to repackage waste if needed Take measures to prevent or mitigate the adverse consequences of potential decomposition and chemical reaction Determine if additional shielding or other actions are warranted to keep exposure As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) Minimize exposure to workers
Highlights (cont.) Store waste in restricted area to ensure security Follow increased control and related NRC orders for materials of quantities of concern Develop and maintain a strategy and timeline for disposition and/or disposal of waste Estimate the life-cycle-cost of interim storage for overall budget consideration Supplement information contained in the RIS with guidance provided by other authorities for waste containing hazardous component
Authorization of Extended Interim Storage RIS , Enclosure 1 Identification of waste to be stored Plans for Final Disposition Physical Description of Storage Area or Structure Packaging and Container Integrity Radiation Protection Training and Qualifications Financial Assurance Emergency Preparedness Security/Increased Control
NRC Position: As a matter of policy, NRC is opposed to any activity at a nuclear reactor site which is not generally supportive of activities authorized by the operating license or construction permit and which may divert the attention of licensee management from its primary task of safe operation or construction of the power reactor. NRC Public Website for Generic Communications: comm/index.html