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Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea Vienna 2010 VI INTERNATIONAL JOB FAIR LUBLIN 8 th March 2010 8 th March 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea Vienna 2010 VI INTERNATIONAL JOB FAIR LUBLIN 8 th March 2010 8 th March 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea Vienna 2010 VI INTERNATIONAL JOB FAIR LUBLIN 8 th March 2010 8 th March 2010

2 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea WORKING AND LIVING IN ITALY ITALIA: GENERAL OVERVIEW AND INFORMATON THE LABOR MARKET THE LABOR MARKET LOOKING FOR A JOB LOOKING FOR A JOB COVER LETTER AND CV COVER LETTER AND CV ARRIVAL IN ITALY ARRIVAL IN ITALY WORKING AND LIVING CONDITIONS WORKING AND LIVING CONDITIONS SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIAL WELFARE TAXES SYSTEM TAXES SYSTEM BEFORE LEAVING … BEFORE LEAVING …

3 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea ITALY IMAGES AND INFORMATION

4 SOME CITIES ROMA MILÁNO FIRENZE VENEZIA NAPOLI PALERMO Torino GENOVA GENOVA

5 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea LOCATION: Southern Europe CAPITAL: Rome SURFACE: 301, 336 Km 2 POPULATION: 60,045 millions RELIGION: 97,67% catholics CURRENCY: Euro FOREIGNERS: 3,891 millions OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Italian POLITICAL SYSTEM: parlamentary republic REGIONES: 20 PROVINCES: 107 GENERAL INFORMATION

6 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea CLIMATE: temperate, with great differences between north and south SOCIAL CONTEXT Life: restaurants - theatres - cafés – movies... LAWS: Ban on smoking in all public places, stalking General information

7 LABOUR MARKET

8 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea Economy Italy has a capitalistic economy, which remains divided in a developed industrial North, dominated by private companies, and a less-developed, agriculture South In 2006 Italy was ranked as the seventh largest economy in the world One of the worlds largest exporter of manufactered goods Italys major exports are moter vehicles (FIAT,APRILIA, DUCATI), food industry (BARILLA, MARTINI, CAMPARI) and fashion industry(ARMANI, VALENTINI, VERSACE, PRADA, BENETTON, TODS, NEROGIARDINI, PIERO GUIDI)

9 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea NORTH 6,1% CENTER 8,1% SOUTH 13,2% ISTAT ITALIA LABOR MARKET ITALY 8,7% Youth unemployment rate 15 -24 = 30% Foreigners unemployment rate 11%

10 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea EUROSTAT EMPLOYEES WITH FIXED-TERM CONTRACTS IN RELATION TO ALL EMPLOYEES 2008 (in%) TOTAL UE 2714,0 ITALY13,3 GERMANY14,7 SPAIN29,3 FRANCE14,2 UNITED KINGDOM 5,4 Labour market in Europe EMPLOYMENT RATE 2008 (in %) TOTAL UE 2765,9 ITALY58,7 GERMANY70,7 SPAIN64,3 FRANCE64,9 UNITED KINGDOM71,5

11 JOB SEARCH

12 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea JOB SEARCH LANGUAGE Knowlegde of the Italian language is a basic requisite. You need to speak and understand Italian in jobs that have contact with the public (shops, offices, team...) In order to improve the knowlegde of Italian, it is advisable to attend courses in any Italian Cultural Institute. For further information: www.istruzione.it

13 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea JOB OPPORTUNITIES More or less popular professions HEALTH SECTOR Nurses, pharmacists, physiotherapist CONSTRUCTION Carpenters, painters (decoraters/plasteres), technical designers, electricians... SERVICES Hotels and Restaurants: cooks, waiters, cleaners services connected with the aging of the population in need of care at home IT Computer technicians, web designers, web developers, software designers COMERCIAL SECTOR: Sales engineers, secretaries, salesmen, accountants,... INDUSTRY In the manufacturing and production AGRICULTURE (FARMING) source: Unioncamere – MLPS Sistema informativo Excelsior 2008

14 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea JOB OPPORTUNITIES Request of graduates INFORMATION & TECHNOLOGY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING - ELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER SERVICES Graduates in Economics and Commerce, Architecture, Design, Computing, Engineering, Psychology, Physiotherapy, Communication HOSPITALS LEGAL SECTOR

15 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea JOB OPPORTUNITIES JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN THE HEALTH SECTOR (Public and Private) Will need to ask the recognition of educational qualifications to the Ministry of Health in Italy to join the professional associations. It is essential to work in this sector! Where to look for information? http://www.salute.gov.it/professioniSanitarie/paginaMenu.jsp?menu=riconosci mento&lingua=italiano

16 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea JOB SEARCH: WHERE? SPE - Centri per lImpiego administrated by the provinces and coordinated by the Regions http://www.cliclavoro.gov.it/Pagine/cerca_servizi.aspx?service=ricercaservizi Free services: reception, career counseling, jobs opportunities, interviews National labour web www.cliclavoro.gov.it/ Private employment agencies licensed by the Ministry of Labour (Free services for workers ) www.cliclavoro.gov.it/Pagine/cerca_servizi.aspx?service=ricercaservizi Other authorized bodies: Universities, Municipalities, Chambers of Commerce, Business Organisations...) EURES http://www.eures.europa.eu

17 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea JOB SEARCH www.jobtel.it (personalized service) www.jooble.it (job search) www.miojob.it NEWSPAPERS: IL CORRIERE DELLA SERA www.lavoro.corriere.it (Viernes) LA REPUBBLICA www.miojob.repubblica.it (Martes) ILSOLE24ORE www.ilsole24ore.com (Martes) LA STAMPA www.stepstone.lastampa.it ITALIA OGGI www.italiaoggi.it/offro_lavoro/offro_lavoro.asp

18 LETTER AND CURRICULUM VITAE

19 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea LETTER AND CURRICULUM VITAE Cover letter (max 1 page) CV (1-2 pages, with or without photo) Application accepted by e-mail óó

20 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea óó NO complicated but Short persuasive sentences NO LIES describe your personal characteristics and professional experiences NO PHOTOCOPY Written by computer Adapted to the job sought COVER LETTER

21 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea Structure Personal details Work Experience: chronologically starting from the latest Education and training Skills and competences Known languages: specify the level The CV is signed (electronic signature accepted) Do not forget : Authorization to process personal data, writing before signing Autorizzo il trattamento dei dati, come previsto dal D. Lgs. 196/03 CV EUROPASS http://europass.cedefop. europa.eu/ Synthetics Convincing Clear Honest CURRICULUM VITAE

22 ARRIVAL IN ITALY

23 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea BEFORE ENTERING IN ITALY... DOCUMENTS REQUIRED Valid passport or EU identity card Translated Curriculum Vitae, letters and references from previous employers, attended degrees and courses Forms U" or European Health card Other permits and licenses (driver's license)

24 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea STAY FORMALITIES > 3 MONTHS Register with the Civil Registry Office (Ufficio Anagrafe) of the City address (after 11/4/2007 no longer required residence certificate) Fiscal code number (personal tax number to obtain it visit the local tax office - Ufficio delle Entrate) Register with the local health center (Agenzia Sanitaria Locale) for a doctor and a health card

25 LIVING AND WORKING CONDITIONS

26 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea WORKING CONDITIONS CONTRACT Minimum age 16 years (Apprenticeship contract) Form: Written Duration: temporary (more often) / permanent A lot of atipical contracts Working hours: 8h/day - 40h/weekly (max 48h/weekly) Trial Period: depend to sector Annual leave: 4 weeks / year Maternity 2 + 3 + 6 months Protection against unlawful dismissal

27 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea WORKING CONDITIONS NO minimum wage: for each sector wages are established by collective agreement Monthly payment: 13 or 14 annual payments (relative to sector) Pay slip: written (Busta Pay) The employer deducts the monthly salary for social security contributions and taxes Most companies give workers the "meal ticket" (average nominal value 7.00 per each working day) )

28 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea WORKING CONDITIONS GROSS ANNUAL SALARY IN 2009 fixed by collective agreements (Full time) Source: ISTAT Sector workersEmployees Agriculture 15.83021.909 Industry 21.09925.190 Construction 21.79528.070 Trade 19.81922.562 Hotels & Restaurants 18.889 21.511 Transport Communication 23.09726.888 Services 19.82525.088 Private Health Centers 19.00124.630

29 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea SOME WARNING BEFORE YOU GET THERE... Read the Collective Agreement (CCNL) sector (Rights and Obligations) Before accepting a job, know the terms and conditions of employment contract Sure who bears the costs of travel and accommodation Knowing the shape and frequency of wage payment Sufficient funds before receiving the first salary or to return home suddenly

30 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea COST OF LIVING Maximum Price / metropolitan cities MilanRomaNaples Café 1,00 0,80 Cappuccino 1,30 1,50 1,30 Water (6 bottles) 5,10 4,703,30 National beer (1 lt.) 4,50 3,30 1,89 Eating at Pizzeria 16,00 12,00 9,00 Sandwich4,00 3,30 Bus ticket1,00 1,10 Newspaper 1,00 source: Prices and Fees Centre - Ministry of Economic Development - February 2010

31 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea ACCOMMODATION Average cost for apartments for metropolitan cities Fuente: www.sunia.it (Enero – Junio de 2009)

32 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea ACCOMMODATION Where to find accommodation? ? Business Estates Italian web sites - http://www.risorseimmobiliari.it/ita/cerca_affitto.asp - www.sunia.it www.sicet.it www.uppi.it (para alquiler habitaciones) Youth Hotels Ostelli della Gioventù www.ostellidellagioventu.org – ww.ostellionline.org To rent accommodation Signed contract and pay 3 months deposit Granada 2010

33 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea OPENING A BANK ACCOUNT To open a bank account you need: At least 18 years old Valid identity document Tax ID number (Codice fiscale) Putting money in the bank for the allocation of account number and credit card

34 SOCIAL SECURITY

35 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM HEALTHCARE: : Foreign citizens in Italy are entitled to use pubblic health services. EU with European medical card (TEAM) are entitled to urgent and necessary medical attention if they stay less than 3 moths Family physician, hospitals and health centers: Free Pharmacy: ticket for most drugs - Free for minimum-wage retirees If they stay more tham 3 months: They need to be employed or registered at the CIF or to benefit of a pension In any other case they need to have an health insurance Granada 2010

36 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea SOCIAL SECURITY THE SYSTEM COVERS EMPLOYEES Illness, accidents, maternity, unemployment, family aid, pensions The employer take care of all the formalities for registration to the Institute of Social Security (INPS). The social security contributions are deducted by the employer on the monthly salary. For most employees contributions are equivalent to 33% of gross salary: 9.19% by the employee SELF-EMPLOYED They have to make their own registration and pay their contribution to the Institute of Social Security (INPS).

37 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea SOCIAL SECURITY UNEMPLOYMENT NO dismissal and resignation Declaration of status (registration at the public employment service - CIF At least 2 years assurance against unemployment in the previous biennium: Amount: 60% of gross salary the first 6 months, 50% on 7 th month, 40% the remaining months 78 days listed on the solar year Responsable Istitution: INPS - National Social Security Institute

38 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT EXPORT Registration at the employment office for 4 weeks before returning to home country or in another EU country Apply at the office of the Social Security (INPS), where contributions have been paid, ask for the document U Within 7 days of departure, registration at the employment office of the "new" country and show the U to export your unemployment benefit for a maximum of 3 months Possibility of adding months quoted in another country (U form)

39 FISCAL SYSTEM

40 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea TAX SYSTEM In the Italian judicial system there are two tax categories: direct and indirect taxes Direct taxes affects income and property Indirect taxes applies to tranfer of goods, commercial transactions and consumers. Ministry of Economy and Finance: www.finanze.it Regional Tax departments: www.agenzie delle entrate.it

41 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea TAX REVENUE (table of tax rates) % Tax INCOME BRACKETS 23% Up to 15.000 Up to 15.000 27% 15.000 - 28.000 15.000 - 28.000 38% 28.000 - 55.000 28.000 - 55.000 41% 55.000 - 75.000 55.000 - 75.000 43% over 75.000 over 75.000 DIRECT TAX IRPEF ( IRPEF Income Tax of Individuals ) and property

42 BEFORE GOING BACK HOME...

43 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea SOME WARNINGS BEFORE RETURING... DO NOT FORGET Apply at the office of Social Security (INPS), the U, to establish work periods listed in Italy and export the unemployment benefits Keep all the personal documents to prove the employment relationship in Italy Resolve the tax situation with the tax office ( Agenzia delle Entrate ).

44 Ministero del LavoroUnione Europea THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION GRAZIELLA MASSI


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