Presentation on theme: "6-4.1 Atmospheric layers Compare the composition and structure of Earth’s atmospheric layers (including the gases and differences in temperature and pressure."— Presentation transcript:
1 6-4.1 Atmospheric layersCompare the composition and structure of Earth’s atmospheric layers (including the gases and differences in temperature and pressure within the layers).
2 Earth’s atmosphere is the layer of gases that surrounds the planet and makes conditions on Earth suitable for living things.
3 Troposphere weather and clouds occur in this layer water vapor and carbon dioxide are also found in this layer and are important in the weather conditions in the layeras altitude increases temperature decreasesextends from the surface of the earth up to 6-20km high
4 Stratosphere where the ozone layer is contained ozone is a form of oxygen that is found in this layercold except in its upper region where ozone is locatedextends from 20 km up to 50km
5 Mesospherethe coldest layerextends from 50km up to 85km
6 Thermosphere the warmest layer the air is very thin in this layer extends from 86km up to 690km
7 Exosphere cold regions of outer space extend from this layer extends from 691km up to 10,000km
8 Atmospheric GasesNitrogen and Oxygen - the two most common gases; found throughout all the layersOzone - a form of oxygen found in the stratosphereWater vapor and Carbon dioxide - important gases for weather conditions; found in the troposphereTrace gases, for example argon - play an insignificant role
9 Atmospheric Temperatures Differences in temperature separate the layers
10 Atmospheric PressureThe air pressure, the force exerted by the gases pushing on an object, is greatest near the surface of Earth, in the troposphere.Air pressure decreases through the layers farther out from the surface as Earth’s pull of gravity decreases.
11 Other Information Weather balloons fly as high as the stratosphere. Meteors, or shooting stars, burn up in the mesosphere because of their interaction with Earth’s atmosphere.Auroras occur in the ionosphere, which is located in the lower portion of the thermosphere.
12 Shuttles orbit in thermosphere. Airplanes fly in the troposphere.Satellites orbit in the exosphere.While there is no clear definition of where outer space begins the general guideline is between km from Earth.