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Published byMitchell Powers
Modified over 4 years ago
Legal and Court Terminology
Indictment A formal criminal charge against a person who then becomes the defendant.
Arraignment The defendant’s appearance in court to enter a plea of “guilty” or “not guilty.”
Misdemeanor a lesser crime punishable by a fine and/or county jail time for up to one year.
Felony a crime sufficiently serious to be punishable by death or a term in state or federal prison
Prosecutor Government attorney who presents the state's case against the defendant in a criminal case.
Defense the lawyer representing the defendant
Bailiff The officer who runs the courtroom at the judge’s direction.
Clerk The member of the judge’s staff who is responsible for legal research and other duties for the judge.
Court Reporter / Stenographer The person who records and transcribes everything that transpires in the courtroom.
Bench Where the judge or panel of judges sit.
Chambers Offices of the judge and judge’s staff.
Jurisdiction Authority to hear and decide a case.
Docket The list of cases on a court’s daily schedule.
Burden of Proof Duty to provide enough evidence to validate an allegation or charge. This burden is on the prosecution.
Opening statement an attorney’s first address to the jury at the beginning of the trial that summarizes what the case is about and what evidence they can expect
Direct and Cross Examinations DIRECT: DIRECT: Questioning of a witness called by the attorney doing the questioning. CROSS: CROSS: Questioning of the other party’s witness.
Rebuttal testimony or argument made in order to disprove testimony or evidence submitted by the opposition.
Objection a lawyer's protest about the legal propriety of a question with the purpose of making the trial judge decide if the question can be asked
Sidebar conference attorneys “approach the bench” to discuss matters outside the jury’s hearing
Question of fact issue determined by the jury based on submitted evidence
Questions of law legal issue decided by the judge
closing statement/argument final statement made by an attorney to the jury to summarize the evidence and argue their case
Jury Charge or Instructions The set of legal instructions given to the jury by the judge before the jury begins to deliberate.
Verdict the decision of a jury after a trial, which must be accepted by the trial judge to be final
Acquittal what an accused criminal defendant receives if he/she is found not guilty. It is a verdict (a judgment in a criminal case) of not guilty.
Chapter 5 – Criminal Procedure. The Role of the Police The process by which suspected criminals are identified, arrested, accused and tried in court is.
Goal 5.03 Describe the adversarial nature of the judicial process.
Starter What is an appeal? Describe the adversarial nature of the judicial process.
16.2- Criminal Cases.
Vocabulary Indictment- Determines if there is enough evidence for a defendant to go to trial Arraignment- Defendant is officially informed of charges and.
The Judicial Branch. Court Systems & Jurisdictions.
PRETRIAL. Prosecutorial Review After arrest, prosecutor reviews case to decide what charges to make against arrestee Decide if there is enough evidence.
Steps in Criminal Cases Criminal Court Proceedings.
Objective 1.02 Understand Court Systems and Trial Procedures
Guided notes provided Chapter 16 Sections 1 & 2. Courtrooms job is to provide a place for the plaintiff and defendant to resolve their differences.
U.S. Government Chapter 15 Section 3
Warm Up Explain the phrase “beyond a reasonable doubt” and how it applies to criminal cases. What do you think is the most reliable evidence possible in.
ROLES OF A MOCK TRIAL. JURY The Jury are charged with the responsibility of deciding whether, on the facts of the case, a person is guilty or not guilty.
Chapter 16 Lesson 2 Civil and Criminal Law. Crime and Punishment crime A crime is any act that harms people or society and that breaks a criminal law.
Criminal Justice Today Twelfth Edition CHAPTER Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21 st Century, 12e Frank Schmalleger Copyright © 2014.
Judge Prosecutor Defense Attorney 2 Copyright Texas Education Agency (TEA)
Do Now pg What are the steps in a civil court case? 2. Name 3 major differences between criminal and civil cases.
The Judicial Branch.
Criminal Procedure -adversarial nature Prosecution-Defense State v. defendant -misdemeanor: A minor crime, punishable by a fine or a light jail term. Common.
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