3 Autocratic Leadership A leadership style characterized by specific instructions to employees regarding what, how, and when work should be done.Micro-management styleThe leader plans, organizes, controls, and coordinates.Emphasis is on getting the job done without regard for input from others.
4 Autocratic Leadership (cont.) AdvantagesEfficiencyEmployees know the manager’s expectations.DisadvantagesDiscourages employees from thinking about process improvementsEmployee dissatisfactionDecline in worker performanceDoes not prepare employees for promotion or possible advancement
5 Autocratic Leadership (cont.) When to use the autocratic styleDuring an emergencyManaging temporary employeesManaging new employees
6 Democratic Leadership A leadership style characterized by encouragement for employees to share in the decision-making and problem-solving processes.General management styleConsiders everyone’s viewpoint in decision makingUtilizes team concept in goal setting
7 Democratic Leadership (cont.) AdvantagesEmployees actively involved in decision makingHigher employee moraleStronger employee commitment to established goalsDisadvantagesTime consumingNot everyone likes to participate in decision making.
8 Democratic Leadership (cont.) When to use the democratic styleManaging employees who are committed to their jobsManaging employees who are interested in more responsibilityManaging experienced and well-trained employees
9 Laissez-faire Leadership A leadership style in which minimal direction and supervision is given to workers.Open management styleManagement shares informationTeam (or individual employee) is completely responsible for the workload.
10 Laissez-faire Leadership (cont.) AdvantagesEasy management style to administerComplete empowerment for employeesDisadvantagesPoor decision making may result.Some employees do not perform well without direction and supervision.
11 Laissez-faire Leadership (cont.) When to use laissez-faireManaging experienced, well-trained, and highly- motivated workersManaging home-based employees, outside salespersons
12 Situational Leadership Leadership characterized by shifts in management style as appropriate for individual employees.The management style applied depends on the needs of each employee.
13 Situational Leadership (cont.) AdvantagesManagement style personalized for each employeeImproved communicationHigh employee moraleImproved productionDisadvantagesTime consumingDifficult to manage
14 Situational Leadership (cont.) When to use situational managementHighly experienced managerManager highly skilled in human relationsEmployees with range of needs for supervision