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Presentation on theme: "UNIT A LEADERSHIP AND SUPERVISION"— Presentation transcript:

1.02 Compare leadership styles.

2 Leadership Styles Autocratic Democratic Laissez-faire Situational

3 Autocratic Leadership
A leadership style characterized by specific instructions to employees regarding what, how, and when work should be done. Micro-management style The leader plans, organizes, controls, and coordinates. Emphasis is on getting the job done without regard for input from others.

4 Autocratic Leadership (cont.)
Advantages Efficiency Employees know the manager’s expectations. Disadvantages Discourages employees from thinking about process improvements Employee dissatisfaction Decline in worker performance Does not prepare employees for promotion or possible advancement

5 Autocratic Leadership (cont.)
When to use the autocratic style During an emergency Managing temporary employees Managing new employees

6 Democratic Leadership
A leadership style characterized by encouragement for employees to share in the decision-making and problem-solving processes. General management style Considers everyone’s viewpoint in decision making Utilizes team concept in goal setting

7 Democratic Leadership (cont.)
Advantages Employees actively involved in decision making Higher employee morale Stronger employee commitment to established goals Disadvantages Time consuming Not everyone likes to participate in decision making.

8 Democratic Leadership (cont.)
When to use the democratic style Managing employees who are committed to their jobs Managing employees who are interested in more responsibility Managing experienced and well-trained employees

9 Laissez-faire Leadership
A leadership style in which minimal direction and supervision is given to workers. Open management style Management shares information Team (or individual employee) is completely responsible for the workload.

10 Laissez-faire Leadership (cont.)
Advantages Easy management style to administer Complete empowerment for employees Disadvantages Poor decision making may result. Some employees do not perform well without direction and supervision.

11 Laissez-faire Leadership (cont.)
When to use laissez-faire Managing experienced, well-trained, and highly- motivated workers Managing home-based employees, outside salespersons

12 Situational Leadership
Leadership characterized by shifts in management style as appropriate for individual employees. The management style applied depends on the needs of each employee.

13 Situational Leadership (cont.)
Advantages Management style personalized for each employee Improved communication High employee morale Improved production Disadvantages Time consuming Difficult to manage

14 Situational Leadership (cont.)
When to use situational management Highly experienced manager Manager highly skilled in human relations Employees with range of needs for supervision


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