2 Pronoun Quiz Know the chart on p. 37! Be able to identify the pronoun types of bolded pronouns in sentences.Be able to list at least 4 of the following pronouns:Always singular indefinite pronounsAlways plural indefinite pronounsEither singular or plural indefinite pronounsDemonstrative pronounsRelative pronounsIndefinite relative pronounsInterrogative pronouns
3 Pronoun Quiz Know that relative pronouns introduce dependent clauses. Know that interrogative pronouns ask questions.Know that reflexive and intensive pronouns end in –self or –selves.Know that reflexive pronouns act as objects.Know that intensive pronouns act as appositives.Be able to list the two reciprocal pronouns.
5 Nouns Person, place, thing, or idea Pastor MarkMichiganSignPeaceOften preceded by the words a, an, the, this, that, these, those
6 Nouns Common- general nouns, school Proper- specific nouns, capitalized, Calvary Baptist AcademyCount- can be made plural, can be counted, booksNoncount- always singular, cannot be counted, cannot be preceded by an article, soup
7 Compound Nouns Combination of two or more words 1 word: bookcase, backpack2 words: class work, yard sale1 hyphenated word: great-grandfatherA baby sits in a highchair.My cousin is a redhead.The judge sat on a high chair.The bird with a red head sang outside my window.
8 Collective Nouns Groups or units Team, family, company, government Is the group acting as a singular unit?The class planned its project.Are the group members acting individually?The class reviewed their individual jobs.
9 Concrete vs. Abstract Concrete- can be perceived by the senses ChairAbstract- cannot be perceived by the sensesJoy
10 PronounsTakes the place of a nounReplaces a noun, its antecedent
11 Personal Pronouns Chart on p. 37- Please know for quiz. Person- 1st (refers to the speaker or writer), 2nd (refers to the person spoken to), 3rd (another person or thing)Number- singular or pluralGender- masculine, feminine, neuterCase- subjective, objective, possessive
12 Indefinite Pronouns Refer to nonspecific nouns, no antecedents Be able to list at least 4 from each group on quiz.Always singular- one, body, thing, each, little, less, muchAlways plural- both, few, fewer, many, severalEither singular or plural depending on context- all, any, more, most, none, some
13 Demonstrative Pronouns Point out specific nounsThis, that, these, thoseBe able to list on quiz!
14 Relative Pronouns Introduce dependent clauses Who, whom, whose, which, thatBe able to list on quiz.Indefinite relative pronouns- no antecedentsWho, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whomever, whosoever, whichever, whateverBe able to list at least four on quiz.
15 Interrogative Pronouns Ask questionsWho, whom, whose, which, thatBe able to list quiz.
16 Relative or Interrogative? Whoever wants to run in the race needs to register.The course that will be run today is three miles long.Whose running shoes are over there?Each runner may choose to wear whichever number he wants.Jasmine asked who the main judge for the race was.
17 Reflexive or Intensive End in –self or –selves (know for quiz)Reflexive- act as objects, refer back to the subjectPeter hurled himself out of the boat.Intensive- intensive a noun, act as appositives, can be taken out of the sentencePeter himself walked on water.Peter walked on water.
18 Reciprocal PronounsEach otherOne anotherPlease know for quiz.
19 VerbsIntransitive verb- InV Transitive verb- TrV- needs an object Linking Verb- LV- links the subject and the rest of the sentence, can be replaced with an = sign or a form of the word be Auxilliaries- helping verbs- box on p. 43
20 Verbs The girl set out on a walk with her dog. The girl pushed her dog across the narrow bridge.The girl was annoyed with the sight of her wet dog.The girl has learned that her dog is not particularly afraid of water—at least when squirrels are involved.
21 Adjectives Describe nouns or pronouns Answer the questions which one?what kind?how many?how much?whose?The pretty flower is very pretty.The ____________ thing (or person) is very ________________.
22 Determiners Type of adjective that signals a noun is coming Do not fit in the adjective test frameArticles- a (before a consonant sound), an (before a vowel sound), thePossessives- show ownershipDemonstratives- this, that, these, those
23 Determiners Interrogatives- which, what, whose Indefinites Pronoun- What is wrong?Determiner- What type of problem is it?Indefinites
24 Types of Adjectives Modifying nouns- nouns that function as adjectives Winter wonderlandProper adjectives- formed from proper nounsAmerican
25 Adverbs Modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs Answer the questionsWhere?When?Why?How?To what extent?Many end in -ly
26 Adverbs Common adverbs AlsoThereforeHoweverVeryNot, n’tOftenHereThereUsually right before or after the adjective or adverb they modifyAnywhere in a sentence if they modify the verb
27 Kinds of AdverbsQualifiers- modify adj. and adv., strengthen or weaken the word it modifies (very, even)Conjunctive adverbs- link independent clausesBox on p. 49Followed by a commaFirst word of sentence or preceded by a ;Relative adverbs- when, where, whyIntro. adj. clausesIndefinite relative adverbs- when, where, why, howIntro. noun clausesInterrogative adverbs- when, where, why, howAsk questions
28 Adverbs vs. Prepositions Prepositions have prepositional phrases with objects.Adverbs- not phraseVAC- verb-adverb combinationLook upLook overJohn took on the job of washing the house windows even though he already had to wash the car.
29 Prepositions Relates an object to another word For God’s gloryObject of the preposition (OP)- noun or pronoun at the end of a prepositional phraseBecause- subordinating conjunctionBecause of- preposition
30 Prepositions vs. Infinitives Prepositions- must have an objectI am going to church tonight.Infinitive- to + a verbI need to do my homework.
31 Conjunctions Connect words or groups of words Coordinating conjunctions- must follow a comma if joining to sent.ForAndNorButOrYetCorrelative conjunctions- come in pairsEither-orNeither-norBoth-andNot only-but also
32 Subordinating Conjunctions Begin dependent clausesBoxes on p. 54
33 Interjections Extra to the sentence Followed by a comma, period, or exclamation pointSureWellAwesomeUhAhThank youPleaseGoodEtc.