2 Components of Fitness Muscular Strength Muscular Flexibility Muscular EnduranceCardiovascular EnduranceBody Composition (Body Mass Index)
3 Muscular StrengthWhat: amount of force a muscle can put out towards a resistance.Purpose: able to meet demands of moving a weight for a shortened period of time. (pushing a car, unloading groceries, moving furniture)
4 Muscular EnduranceWhat: ability for a muscle to repeat a movement several times, or hold a contracted positionPurpose: to be able to meet general demands of light/moderate movements several times without stopping, or sustaining a contracted position for extended period of time. (Raking leaves, mowing the lawn, walking to work, holding a baby)
5 Muscular FlexibilityWhat: the degree in which a muscle can be physically lengthenedPurpose: allows for optimal range of motion at joints and the bodies ability to bend, stretch and twist. (Dancing, yoga, *all physical based actions)
6 Cardiovascular Endurance What: the ability for your heart, lungs, and vascular system to deliver and replenish oxygen rich blood to your bodies muscles for sustained physical activityPurpose: oxygen cells are cycled through the muscle when needed for action. Repeated actions require a continuous supply in order to function. (Running, walking, cycling, dancing)
7 Body CompositionWhat: is the amount of fat tissue on your body in comparison to lean body tissue (Muscles/bones)Purpose: having the appropriate body composition (mostly measure in BMI) ensures good balance in fuel systems, healthy organ function, and proper muscle development.
8 F I T T Principles F – Frequency: how often you train I – Intensity: how rigorous or difficult is trainingT – Time: how long is a training periodT – Type: what are your exercises promoting
9 Exercise Planning Know WHAT you want to achieve. Set a realistic plan Vary your plan and your workoutsApproach with idea of improving “overall fitness,” not just one specific issueIt’s not just about running and lifting weights!!
10 Fitness Focus Be active every day Muscular Strength (2-5 days/wk min)Muscular Flexibility (2-5 days/wk min)Muscular Endurance (3-5 days/wk min)Cardio Endurance (3-5 days/wk min in THZ) ***THZ = Target Heart Rate Zone***
11 Heart Rate Resting HR = # beats per 60 seconds Max Heart Rate = 220 – your age (Approximation)Target Zones:Cardio/Muscle Endurance 65%-80% of Max heart rateBurns fat as fuel source, most beneficial to body
12 Creating your planPlan a full week of fitness based off the Components of Fitness and the F.I.T.T Principles.For each day make sure to include the exercises you do, and apply the FITT Principles to them.Note – certain exercises will be very component focused, others will be beneficial to several aspects.